Sevar of Bulgaria

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"Sevar" redirects here. For the village in Iran, see Sevar, Iran.
Sevar
Khan of Bulgaria
Reign 738–753
Predecessor Kormesiy
Successor Kormisosh
House Dulo

Sevar (Bulgarian: Севар) was a ruler of Bulgaria in the 8th century.

The Nominalia of the Bulgarian khans, which states that he belonged to the royal Dulo clan and ruled for 15 years. According to the chronology developed by Moskov, Sevar would have reigned 721–737. Other chronologies place his reign in 738–754, but cannot be reconciled with the testimony of the "Namelist". According to historians he is the last ruler of the Dulo dynasty.

It has been suggested that his name is derived from Persian Ziwar (adornment).[1] Although initially a female name, it could also serve as a component of male names, as suggested by Chuvash pre-Christian name Aksĕver.[1]

It is possible that his reign was peaceful, because the Byzantine chronicles do not report any events on the Empire’s northern borders from that period. Although this is an argument from silence, it is a plausible assumption.

The 17th century Volga Bulgar compilation Ja'far Tarikh (a work of disputed authenticity) represents Suvar (i.e., Sevar) as the son and successor of Kermes (i.e., Kormesij), who was allegedly deposed by the nobility. The Ja'far Tarikh also alleges that Suvar himself was deposed and died two years after his deposition. The same source makes Suvar the father of an otherwise unknown Kermek, who was in turn the father of Toktu and Kardam.

Sevar Point on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Sevar of Bulgaria.

References[edit]

  • Mosko Moskov, Imennik na bălgarskite hanove (novo tălkuvane), Sofia 1988.
  • Jordan Andreev, Ivan Lazarov, Plamen Pavlov, Koj koj e v srednovekovna Bălgarija, Sofia 1999.
  • (primary source), Bahši Iman, Džagfar Tarihy, vol. III, Orenburg 1997.
Preceded by
Kormesij
Khan of Bulgaria
721–737
Succeeded by
Kormisosh