Seven Early Songs (Berg)
The Seven Early Songs (Sieben frühe Lieder) (c. 1905 to 1908), are early compositions of Alban Berg, written while he was under the tutelage of Arnold Schoenberg. They are an interesting synthesis combining Berg's heritage of pre-Schoenberg song writing with the rigour and undeniable influence of Schoenberg. The writing very much carries with it the heritage of Richard Strauss (although the influences of a number of other composers can be discerned - Gustav Mahler and Hugo Wolf for example, as well as Claude Debussy's harmonic palette in evidence in "Nacht"), through the expansiveness of gesture and 'opening of new vistas,' and that of Richard Wagner. The songs were first written for a medium voice and piano; they were revised for high voice and orchestra in 1928.
The seven songs are:
- Nacht (Night) - text by Carl Hauptmann
- Schilflied (Song amid the reeds) - Nikolaus Lenau
- Die Nachtigall (The nightingale) - Theodor Storm
- Traumgekrönt (Crowned in dream) - Rainer Maria Rilke
- Im Zimmer (Indoors) - Johanes Schlaf
- Liebesode (Ode to Love) - Otto Erich Hartleben
- Sommertage (Summer days) - Paul Hohenberg
- 2 flutes (2nd doubling piccolo), 2 oboes (2nd doubling English horn), 2 clarinets in B flat, bass clarinet in A, 2 bassoons, contra-bassoon;
- 4 horns in F, trumpet in F, 2 tenor trombones;
- timpani, percussion, harp, celesta;
- strings: violins I and II, violas, violoncellos, double basses.
- "Alban Berg - 7 frühe Lieder for medium voice and piano". Universal Edition. Retrieved 3 November 2010.
- "Alban Berg - 7 frühe Lieder for high voice and orchestra". Universal Edition. Retrieved 3 November 2010.
- Krellmann, Hanspeter (translation Lionel Salter) (1992). Lieder 1920-1925 (CD liner). Alban Berg. Capriccio. 10419.