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Seven Heavens is a part of religious cosmology found in many major religions such as Islam, Judaism, Hinduism and Catholicism and in some minor religions such as Hermeticism and Gnosticism. The Throne of God is said to be above the seventh heaven in Abrahamic religions.
Hinduism also has the concept of seven heavens (Svarga).
According to the Puranas and the Atharvaveda there are fourteen worlds. There are the seven higher ones (the heavens), called the Vyahritis (Sanskrit: व्याहृति). Then, there are seven lower ones (the underworlds) called the Naraka, Patalas (Sanskrit: पाताल).
The Qur'an frequently mentions the existence of seven (Samaawat), or heavens
- Hermetism and other religions
- Hierarchy of angels
- Jewish angelic hierarchy
- Seven Logas
- The Seven Heavens in the Talmud.(see Ps. lxviii. 5).
- Scholem, Gershom Jewish Gnosticism, Merkabah Mysticism, and the Talmudic Tradition, 1965.
- Davidson, Gustav. Dictionary of Angels: Including the Fallen Angels. New York: The Free Press, 1967 (reprinted 1994). ISBN 0-02-907052-X.
- Ginzberg, Louis. Henrietta Szold (trans.). The Legends of the Jews. Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1909–38. ISBN 0-8018-5890-9.
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