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Seven heavens is a part of religious cosmology found in many major religions such as Islam, Judaism, Hinduism and Catholicism and in some minor religions such as Hermeticism and Gnosticism. The Throne of God is said to be above the seventh heaven in some Abrahamic religions.
Hinduism also has the concept of seven heavens (Svarga).
According to the Puranas and the Atharvaveda there are fourteen worlds. There are the seven higher ones (the heavens), called the Vyahritis (Sanskrit: व्याहृति). Then, there are seven lower ones (the underworlds) called the Naraka, Patalas (Sanskrit: पाताल).
The Qur'an frequently mentions the existence of seven (Samaawat), or heavens. The word "heaven" is used in the English translation of the Arabic word سماء (Samaa'a). The plural is سماوات (Samaawat), cognate of Hebrew שמים (Shamayim), which translates as "sky" in Modern Arabic.
The highest level of Jannah is Firdaws (Arabic: فردوس), which is where the prophets, the martyrs and the most truthful and pious people will dwell. Sidrat al-Muntaha is a Lote tree that marks the end of the seventh heaven, the boundary where no creation can pass.
- Hermetism and other religions
- Hierarchy of angels
- Jewish angelic hierarchy
- Seven Logas
- The Seven Heavens in the Talmud.(see Ps. lxviii. 5).
- Scholem, Gershom Jewish Gnosticism, Merkabah Mysticism, and the Talmudic Tradition, 1965.
- Davidson, Gustav. Dictionary of Angels: Including the Fallen Angels. New York: The Free Press, 1967 (reprinted 1994). ISBN 0-02-907052-X.
- Ginzberg, Louis. Henrietta Szold (trans.). The Legends of the Jews. Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1909–38. ISBN 0-8018-5890-9.
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