Sevenoaks District

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Sevenoaks
Sevenoaks District
Non-metropolitan district
Sevenoaks shown within Kent
Sevenoaks shown within Kent
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region South East England
Non-metropolitan county Kent
Status Non-metropolitan district
Admin HQ Sevenoaks
Incorporated 1 April 1974
Government
 • Type Non-metropolitan district council
 • Body Sevenoaks District Council
 • Leadership Leader & Cabinet (Conservative)
 • MPs Michael Fallon
Gareth Johnson
John Stanley
Area
 • Total 142.99 sq mi (370.34 km2)
Area rank 112th (of 326)
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 115,400
 • Rank 189th (of 326)
 • Density 810/sq mi (310/km2)
 • Ethnicity 95.2% White
1.5% S.Asians
1.2% Black
1.2% Mixed Race
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
ONS code 29UK (ONS)
E07000111 (GSS)
OS grid reference TQ525555
Website www.sevenoaks.gov.uk

Sevenoaks is a local government district[1] in Kent, England, in the far west of the county. Its council is in the town of Sevenoaks.

The district was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of the Sevenoaks Urban District, Sevenoaks Rural District and part of Dartford Rural District and is one of thirteen districts in Kent, one of which has unitary authority status, Medway, which means it does not obtain services or projects from Kent County Council. The latter is responsible for highways, public paths, fire and rescue, certain aspects of health and social care and education/libraries. The rest of local government is mostly at district level although the area has civil parish councils also.

Geography[edit]

The area is approximately evenly divided between buildings and infrastructure on the one hand and woodland or agricultural fields on the other. It contains the upper valley of the River Darenth and some headwaters of the River Eden.

In terms of districts, it borders Dartford to the north, Gravesham to the northeast, Tonbridge and Malling to the east, briefly Tunbridge Wells to the southeast. It also borders two which, equal to it, do not have borough status, the Wealden district of East Sussex to the south and the Tandridge district of Surrey to the southwest. It borders the London Boroughs of Bromley and Bexley to the northwest.

In the 2011 Census, the district had a population of 114,893.[2]

Council[edit]

The council consists of 54 elected councillors, representing fewer wards in the district.[3]

In 2009 the Audit Commission named Sevenoaks District Council as one of the four best-run and most efficient councils in the country.[4]

Town and parish councils[edit]

The third tier of government within the district consists of the following town and parish councils:

Housing and architecture[edit]

Hever Castle is in Sevenoaks district

The layout of the district is dual-centred:

In all areas low-rise dominates: the incidence of flats exceeding two storeys is rare.

The number of listed buildings in the district exceeds 150. This includes 16 churches listed in the highest grading in the national listing system (Grade I). Castles and English country houses of the wealthiest in society from the 16th to 18th centuries form part of this district.

Examples at Grade I include Knole House, Chartwell, Penshurst Place and Chevening House, most of which have their own produce-selling farms. Older with original stone walls are Hever Castle with its 16 acres (6.5 ha)-wooded island in a listed parkland. A folly exists at Lullingstone Castle which is a reconstruction of its gatehouse and separate modern house.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 51°16′12″N 0°11′35″E / 51.270°N 0.193°E / 51.270; 0.193