Seventeenth Army (Japan)

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Japanese Seventeenth Army
KandaSurrender.jpg
General Kanda signs surrender
Active May 18, 1942 – August 15, 1945
Country Empire of Japan
Branch Imperial Japanese Army
Type Infantry
Role Corps
Garrison/HQ Rabaul
Nickname  Oki ( Offshore?)
Engagements Solomon Islands campaign

The Japanese 17th Army (第17軍 Dai-jyū nana gun?) was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.

History[edit]

The Japanese 17th Army was formed on May 18, 1942 under the Japanese Eighth Area Army of the Southern Expeditionary Army Group for the specific task of opposing landings by Allied forces in Japanese-occupied Solomon Islands. It was initially headquartered on Rabaul and participated in the New Guinea, Guadalcanal, and Solomon Islands campaigns of the South West Pacific theatre of World War II.[1]

After General Hitoshi Imamura took over command of the Japanese Eighth Area Army the 17th Army was responsible solely for the Solomons, primarily on Bougainville.[2] It was trapped on Bougainville and cut off from reinforcements and re-supply during the Bougainville campaign (1943-45), and was forced to live off the land, hiding in jungle caves for most of the rest of the war.[3]

List of commanders[edit]

Commanding officer[edit]

Name From To
1 Lieutenant General Harukichi Hyakutake 18 May 1942 1 April 1945
2 Lieutenant General Masatane Kanda 1 April 1945 15 August 1945

Chief of Staff[edit]

Name From To
1 Major General Akisaburo Futami [5 May 1942 1 October 1942
2 Lieutenant General Chuichi Miyazaki 1 October 1942 11 May 1943
3 Lieutenant General Tsutomu Akinaga 11 May 1943 11 September 1943
4 Major General Chikara Akinaga 11 September 1943 1 April 1945
5 Major General Isaoshi Makata 1 April 1945 1 September 1945

References[edit]

  • Frank, Richard (1990). Guadalcanal: The Definitive Account of the Landmark Battle. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-394-58875-4. 
  • Gailey, Harry A. (1991). Bougainville, 1943–1945: The Forgotten Campaign. Lexington, Kentucky, USA: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-9047-9. 
  • Hayashi, Saburo (1959). Kogun: The Japanese Army in the Pacific War. Marine Corps. Association. ASIN B000ID3YRK. 
  • Smith, Michael T. (2000). Bloody Ridge: The Battle That Saved Guadalcanal. New York: Pocket. ISBN 0-7434-6321-8. 

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Smith, Bloody Ridge, p. 25.
  2. ^ Hayashi, Kogun, p. 224-225.
  3. ^ Gailey, Bougainville.