Seventh Avenue (Manhattan)
Seventh Avenue, known as Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard north of Central Park, is a thoroughfare on the West Side of the borough of Manhattan in New York City. It is southbound below Central Park and a two-way street north of the park.
Seventh Avenue originates in the West Village at Clarkson Street, where Varick Street becomes Seventh Avenue. It is interrupted by Central Park from 59th to 110th Street. Artisans' Gate is the 59th Street exit from Central Park to Seventh Avenue. North of Warriors' Gate at the north end of the Park, the avenue carries traffic in both directions through Harlem, where it is called Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard. Addresses continue as if the street was continuous through Central Park, with the first block north of the park being the 1800 block. It ends at the Macombs Dam Bridge over the Harlem River, where Jerome Avenue commences in the Bronx.
Origins and extension
Seventh Avenue was originally laid out in the Commissioners' Plan of 1811.
The southern terminus of Seventh Avenue was Eleventh Street in Greenwich Village through the early part of the 20th Century. It was extended southward, to link up with Varick Street, in 1914, and Varick was widened at the same time. Extension of the avenue allowed better vehicular connections between midtown Manhattan and the commercial district in what is now TriBeCa. It also permitted construction of the New York City Subway IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line which opened in 1918.
Extension of the avenue was under consideration for several years, and was approved by the New York City Board of Estimate in September 1911, when the first $3 million appropriation was made for the initial planning of the work. The extension had been urged by civic groups to meet the commercial needs of Greenwich Village. A significant number of old buildings were marked for demolition in the extension, and the demolished buildings included the Bedford Street Methodist Church, constructed in 1840.
Seventh Avenue is served by the 1 2 3 trains for most of its length, with N Q R service between 42nd Street and Central Park South. The Seventh Avenue station also serves the B D E trains. It is also served by numerous local buses.
Notable districts and buildings
South of 14th Street Seventh Avenue is a major thoroughfare in the West Village. The now defunct Saint Vincent's Catholic Medical Center was a main downtown hospital on Seventh Avenue and 11th Street.
Running through the Garment District (which stretches from 12th Avenue to 5th Avenue and 34th Street to 39th Street), it is referred to as Fashion Avenue due to its role as a center of the garment and fashion industry and the famed fashion designers who established New York as a world fashion capital. The first, temporary signs designating the section of Seventh Avenue as "Fashion Avenue" were dual-posted in 1972, with permanent signs added over the ensuing years.
Notable buildings located on Seventh Avenue include:
- Carnegie Hall, 57th Street
- Madison Square Garden and Penn Station, 32nd Street
- Fashion Institute of Technology, 27th Street
- Alwyn Court Apartments, 58th Street
- AXA Center (originally The Equitable Tower), at 51st Street.
In popular culture
The street is frequently mentioned in films, plays and books.
- It was mentioned in the Simon and Garfunkel song "The Boxer," in which the protagonist mentions receiving a "come-on from the whores on Seventh Avenue."
- In the 1962 play and 1965 film A Thousand Clowns, Seventh Avenue is frequently mentioned as being in proximity.
- In the 1973 Steely Dan song "The Boston Rag" the protagonist declares "There was nothing that I could do So I pointed my car down Seventh Avenue".
- In the 1978 Rolling Stones song "Shattered" (Some Girls), Mick Jagger sings "I can't give it away on Seventh Avenue."
- It is also mentioned in Dashiell Hammett's The Maltese Falcon, when detective Sam Spade tells the gunman Wilmer that his telling him to "shove off" "would go over big back on Seventh Avenue. But you're not in Romeville now. You're in my burg."
- In Dave Gibbons's Watching the Watchmen (Titan 2008), the comics artist speculates that the Gunga Diner, Utopia Cinema, Promethean Cab Co. and Institute for Extraspatial Studies are situated at the intersection of Seventh Avenue and West 31st Street.
- It was the subject of a TV miniseries with that title, focusing on the Garment District, that ran on NBC in 1977.
- In the 2008 The Gaslight Anthem song "Here's Looking At You, Kid", Seventh Avenue is mentioned in the lyric, "goes crazy over that New York scene on Seventh Avenue".
- The Pet Shop Boys' song New York City Boy has as its prominent refrain the line "'Cause you're a New York City boy, where Seventh Avenue meets Broadway".
- New York Times, Wreckers Busy in Old Greenwich, March 22, 1914, page XX1
- New York Times, Seventh Avenue Extension Will Create Great Business Revival in Old Greenwich, Sept. 24, 1911, page X9
- New York Times, Open New Subway to Regular Traffic, July 2, 1918, page 11
- New York Times, 1911
- The New York Times, 1914
- Ingraham, Joseph (7 June 1954). "7TH AND 8TH AVES. SHIFT TO ONE-WAY". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- Ingraham, Joseph (11 March 1957). "Midtown Gets New Traffic Pattern". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- "NYC Subway Map". MTA. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
- "Manhattan Bus Map". MTA. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
- "Everybody -- Well, Almost -- Attended A Mammoth Party on 'Fashion Ave.'", The New York Times, June 8, 1972. p. 58.
- "Seventh Avenue" (1977), Internet Movie Database
- "Here's Looking At You, Kid", SongMeanings.net"
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- New York Songlines: Seventh Avenue, a virtual walking tour