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Seventh grade (called grade seven or year 7 in some regions) is a year of education in many nations. The seventh grade is the seventh school year after kindergarten. Students are usually 12–13 years old. Traditionally, seventh grade was the next-to-last year of grade school. In the United States and Canada, it is usually the second, third, or last year of middle school, the first year of junior high school or the 7th year of grade school. In Quebec, it is usually the last year of elementary school, or the first year of high school.
In the United States, it is important in mathematics, students focus commonly on an introduction to pre-algebra or the beginnings of algebra, including ratio, proportion, percent. New topics sometimes include scientific notation, concepts with negative numbers, and more advanced geometry. In some parts of the United States, such as Texas, Colorado, California and Utah, math may be mixed-grade according to the student's previous knowledge, so some students may already be in a 9th grade algebra course. In social studies, advanced pre-Civil War History is taught. Though American history is usually the norm, other cultures and time periods may be taught. In science, it is usually moderate-level biology. In some parts of the United States, seventh grade is the first school year in which students have different teachers for each of their subjects, and so they change classrooms at the end of each period. Foreign language is often introduced at this level. The students can typically choose from several languages depending on school ability.
In some states of Australia, including Victoria, New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory, and Tasmania, Year 7 is the first year of high school, but it is actually the eighth year of schooling (Prep, 1 through 6 then Year 7). In Australia year 7s are aged 12–13 years old.
In Ireland, the equivalent is called first year or Céad Bhlian, the first year of secondary school. Students are usually 12–13 years old.
Its English and Welsh equivalent is Year 8, the second year of secondary education. The Northern Irish equivalent is Year 9 or Second Form, also the second year of secondary education. The Scottish equivalent is Secondary 2 or S2 - the second year of Secondary education.
In Brazil, the time for elementary school were recently raised from 8 to 9 years, and the minimum age required to the seventh grade was changed from 11 to 12 years old.
In the Philippines, the age to be a grade six student is between 12 and 15 years old. In some places, 7th graders are aged 12 to 13 years old.
In South Africa, Grade 7 is the final year of primary school, it is also the final year before High School as there is no such thing as Middle School in South Africa. Pupils (called Learners by the Department of Education) are usually between the ages of 12 and 13.
In Sweden and Finland this is the seventh year of compulsory school and the first year of "junior high".
In New Zealand, the equivalent is Year 8 (formerly Form 2). It is the last year of primary education, and the last year at full primary and intermediate schools.
In Singapore, seventh grade is called Secondary One, and is the start of their secondary education, after primary education.
In Japan, seventh grade is called junior-high 1st year (中学一年生, short form is 中一), and is the start of secondary education like in Singapore. In Jamaica, seventh grade you start high school. It is the start of secondary education. Also seventh grade is called First Form.
See also