77th United States Congress

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77th United States Congress
USCapitol1956.jpg
United States Capitol (1956)

Duration: January 3, 1941 – January 3, 1943

Senate President: John Garner (until Jan 20, 1941)
Henry Wallace (from Jan 20, 1941)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Pat Harrison (until June 22, 1941)
Carter Glass (from July 11, 1941)
House Speaker: Sam Rayburn
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
4 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: Democratic

Sessions
1st: January 3, 1941 – January 2, 1942
2nd: January 5, 1942 – December 16, 1942
<76th 78th>

The Seventy-seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1941 to January 3, 1943, during the ninth and tenth years of Franklin Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Sixteenth Census of the United States in 1940. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

This was the first Congress to have more than one Senate President (the Vice President of the United States), John Garner and Henry Wallace, due to the passage of the 20th amendment in 1933.

Contents

President Franklin Roosevelt signing the Lend-Lease Act, March 11, 1941.
President Roosevelt delivering the "Infamy Speech" to Congress, requesting a declaration of war, December 8, 1941. Behind him are Vice President Henry Wallace (left) and House Speaker Sam Rayburn. To the right, in uniform in front of Rayburn, is Roosevelt's son James, who escorted his father to the Capitol.
President Roosevelt signing the declaration of war against Japan, December 8, 1941

Major events[edit]

Main articles: 1941 and 1942

Major legislation[edit]

Select committees[edit]

  • Truman Committee (officially the Special Committee to Investigate the National Defense Program)

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer-Labor
(FL)
Progressive (1924)
(P)
Republican
(R)
Independent
(I)
End of the previous congress 68 1 1 25 1 96 0
Begin 66 0 1 28 1 96 0
End 64 30
Final voting share 66.7% 0.0% 1.0% 31.3% 1.0%
Beginning of the next congress 58 0 1 36 0 95 1

House of Representatives[edit]

Total 435

Members[edit]

Senate[edit]

Senators are elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

House of Representatives[edit]

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
West Virginia
(2)
Matthew M. Neely (D) Resigned January 12, 1941 after being elected Governor of West Virginia.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election, which he subsequently lost. In addition, successor took oath of office after the Senate resolved a challenge to the appointment.
Joseph Rosier (D) January 13, 1941
Arkansas
(2)
John E. Miller (D) Resigned March 31, 1941 after being appointed judge for the US District Court for the Western District of Arkansas.
Successor was appointed to serve until the next election.
G. Lloyd Spencer (D) April 1, 1941
Texas
(2)
Morris Sheppard (D) Died April 9, 1941.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election.
Andrew Jackson Houston (D) April 21, 1941
Mississippi
(2)
Pat Harrison (D) Died June 22, 1941.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election.
James Eastland (D) June 30, 1941
Texas
(2)
Andrew Jackson Houston (D) Died June 26, 1941.
Successor was elected to finish term.
W. Lee O'Daniel (D) June 28, 1941
South Carolina
(2)
James F. Byrnes (D) Resigned July 17, 1941 after being appointed Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election.
Alva M. Lumpkin (D) July 22, 1941
South Carolina
(2)
Alva M. Lumpkin (D) Died August 1, 1941.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election.
Roger C. Peace (D) August 5, 1941
Mississippi
(2)
James Eastland (D) Appointee did not seek election to finish term.
Successor was elected September 28, 1941 to finish term.
Wall Doxey (D) September 29, 1941
South Carolina
(2)
Roger C. Peace (D) Appointee did not seek election to finish term.
Successor was elected November 4, 1941 to finish term.
Burnet R. Maybank (D) November 5, 1941
Colorado
(3)
Alva B. Adams (D) Died December 1, 1941.
Successor was appointed to serve until the November 3, 1942 special election, which he won.
Eugene Millikin (R) December 20, 1941
West Virginia
(2)
Joseph Rosier (D) Appointee lost election November 17, 1942 to finish the term.
Successor was elected to finish term.
Hugh Shott (R) November 18, 1942
Nevada
(1)
Berkeley L. Bunker (D) Appointee lost election December 7, 1942 to finish the term.
Successor was elected to finish term.
James G. Scrugham (D) December 7, 1942

House of Representatives[edit]

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Oklahoma 7th Sam C. Massingale (D) Died January 17, 1941 Victor Wickersham (D) April 1, 1941
New York 17th Kenneth F. Simpson (R) Died January 25, 1941 Joseph C. Baldwin (R) March 11, 1941
Alabama 7th Walter W. Bankhead (D) Resigned February 1, 1941 Carter Manasco (D) June 24, 1941
Maryland 6th William D. Byron (D) Died February 27, 1941 Katharine Byron (D) May 27, 1941
Virginia 2nd Colgate Darden (D) Resigned March 1, 1941 to run for Governor of Virginia Winder R. Harris (D) April 8, 1941
New York 42nd Pius L. Schwert (D) Died March 11, 1941 John C. Butler (R) April 22, 1941
North Carolina 5th Alonzo D. Folger (D) Died April 30, 1941 John H. Folger (D) June 14, 1941
New York 14th Morris M. Edelstein (D) Died June 4, 1941 Arthur G. Klein (D) July 29, 1941
Wisconsin 1st Stephen Bolles (R) Died July 8, 1941 Lawrence H. Smith (R) August 29, 1941
Pennsylvania 15th Albert G. Rutherford (R) Died August 10, 1941 Wilson D. Gillette (R) November 4, 1941
Colorado 4th Edward T. Taylor (D) Died September 3, 1941 Robert F. Rockwell (R) December 9, 1941
Mississippi 2nd Wall Doxey (D) Resigned September 28, 1941 after being elected to the US Senate Jamie L. Whitten (D) November 4, 1941
California 17th Lee E. Geyer (D) Died October 11, 1941 Cecil R. King (D) August 25, 1942
Massachusetts 7th Lawrence J. Connery (D) Died October 19, 1941 Thomas J. Lane (D) December 30, 1941
Connecticut 5th J. Joseph Smith (D) Resigned November 4, 1941 after being appointed judge for the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut Joseph E. Talbot (R) January 20, 1942
Pennsylvania 12th J. Harold Flannery (D) Resigned January 3, 1942 after becoming judge of common pleas for Luzerne County, PA Thomas B. Miller (R) May 19, 1942
Pennsylvania 33rd Joseph A. McArdle (D) Resigned January 5, 1942 after being elected to the Pittsburgh City Council Elmer J. Holland (D) May 19, 1942
Pennsylvania 11th Patrick J. Boland (D) Died May 18, 1942 Veronica G. Boland (D) November 3, 1942
Washington 5th Arthur D. Healey (D) Resigned August 1, 1942 after being appointed judge for the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington Vacant until the next Congress
Massachusetts 8th Charles H. Leavy (D) Resigned August 3, 1942 after being appointed judge for the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts Vacant until the next Congress
Ohio 15th Robert T. Secrest (D) Resigned August 3, 1942 after accepting a commission in the US Navy Vacant until the next Congress
Ohio 13th Albert D. Baumhart, Jr. (R) Resigned September 2, 1942 after accepting a commission in the US Navy Vacant until the next Congress
Iowa 9th Vincent F. Harrington (D) Resigned September 5, 1942 after accepting a commission as major in the United States Army Harry E. Narey (R) November 3, 1942
California 3rd Frank H. Buck (D) Died September 17, 1942 Vacant until the next Congress
Maryland 2nd William Purington Cole, Jr. (D) Resigned October 26, 1942 after being appointed judge for the US Customs Court Vacant until the next Congress
Pennsylvania 25th Charles I. Faddis (D) Resigned December 4, 1942 to enter the US Army Vacant until the next Congress
Illinois 4th Harry P. Beam (D) Resigned December 6, 1942 after being elected judge for the municipal court of Chicago Vacant until the next Congress
Illinois 6th A. F. Maciejewski (D) Resigned December 6, 1942 Vacant until the next Congress
Missouri 6th Philip A. Bennett (R) Died December 7, 1942 Vacant until the next Congress
Nevada At-large James G. Scrugham (D) Resigned December 7, 1942 after being elected to the US Senate Vacant until the next Congress

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House[edit]