Flavius Valerius Severus

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Severus
56th Emperor of the Roman Empire
Follis-Flavius Valerius Severus-trier RIC 650a.jpg
Flavius Valerius Severus
as Caesar (305–306)
Reign 1 May 305 – summer 306 (as Caesar in the west under Constantius Chlorus);
summer 306 – March or April 307 (as Augustus in the west, in competition with Constantine, Maxentius, and Maximian)
Full name Flavius Valerius Severus Augustus
Birthplace Illyria
Died 16 September 307
Place of death Tres Tabernae
Predecessor Constantius I
Successor Maxentius, Licinius
Issue Flavius Severianus

Severus (Latin: Flavius Valerius Severus Augustus;[1] died September 307), sometimes known as Severus II, was a Western Roman Emperor from 306 to 307.

Officer in the Roman army[edit]

Severus was of humble birth, born in the Illyrian provinces around the middle of the third century AD. He rose to become a senior officer in the Roman army, and as an old friend of Galerius, that emperor ordered that Severus be appointed Caesar of the Western Roman Empire, a post that he succeeded to on 1 May 305. He thus served as deputy-emperor to Constantius I (Constantius Chlorus), Augustus of the western half of empire.

Augustus, 306–307[edit]

On the death of Constantius I in the summer of 306, Severus was promoted to Augustus by Galerius, in opposition to the acclamation of Constantine I (Constantius' son) by his own soldiers. When Maxentius, the son of the retired emperor Maximian, revolted at Rome, Galerius sent Severus to suppress the rebellion. Severus moved towards Rome from his capital, Mediolanum, at the head of an army previously commanded by Maximian. Fearing the arrival of Severus, Maxentius offered Maximian the co-rule of the empire. Maximian accepted, and when Severus arrived under the walls of Rome and besieged it, his men deserted to Maximian, their old commander. Severus fled to Ravenna, an impregnable position. Maximian offered to spare his life and treat him humanely if he surrendered peaceably, which he did in March or April 307. Despite Maximian's assurance, Severus was nonetheless displayed as a captive and later imprisoned at Tres Tabernae. When Galerius himself invaded Italy to suppress Maxentius and Maximian, the former ordered Severus's death: he was executed (or forced to commit suicide) on 16 September 307.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ In Classical Latin, Severus' name would be inscribed as FLAVIVS VALERIVS SEVERVS AVGVSTVS.

External links[edit]

Media related to Flavius Valerius Severus at Wikimedia Commons

Flavius Valerius Severus
Born: Unknown Died: 16 September 307
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Constantius Chlorus
Roman Emperor
306–307
Served alongside: Galerius
Succeeded by
Licinius
Political offices
Preceded by
Constantius Chlorus ,
Galerius
Consul of the Roman Empire
307
with Maximinus Daia ,
Galerius,
Maximian,
Constantine I
Succeeded by
Diocletian ,
Galerius,
Maxentius,
Valerius Romulus