Sevillana (Elgar)

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Sevillana, or, as the composer titled it 'Sevillaña (Scène Espagnole)',[1] is a short piece for orchestra by the English composer Edward Elgar written in 1884 and published as his Op. 7. It was first published by Tuckwood, with the composer's revision of 1889 published by Ascherberg in 1895.[2] It was dedicated to W. C. Stockley, conductor of the Birmingham Festival.

Elgar's violin teacher, Adolf Pollitzer showed the score to the conductor August Manns who included it in a Crystal Palace concert on 12 May 1884.[3] This was shortly after its first performance, on 1 May, at a Worcester Philharmonic Society concert conducted by the organist of Worcester Cathedral, William Done.

The piece was composed when he was a young man of 26, shortly after the break-up of his engagement to Miss Helen Weaver.

Instrumentation[edit]

2 flutes (second also piccolo), 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 cornets, 2 trombones, bass trombone, tuba, percussions (snare drum, tambourine, bass drum, cymbals, triangle) and strings.[4]

Structure[edit]

Allegro moderato 3/8 g minor

The work commences with a rhythmic lively 3/8 episode, characteristic of the Spanish Sevillana dance. After the brief introduction, violins expose the subject shown in excerpt 1.

Excerpt 1
\relative c' \new Staff \with { \remove "Time_signature_engraver" } {
 \key g \minor \time 3/8
  r8 r^\markup { Sul. G } d\downbow \mf \< ^\markup \italic cantando ( e fis g) es4\>( f!8) d4\>( es8) c4\>( d8\!)
  bes( f'8.-> es16) d8( c\dim bes\!) a4( bes8) g4.~ g8 
}

Codetta dominated by dotted rhythm is followed by refined melody in G major (Excerpt 2).

Excerpt 2
\relative c' \new Staff \with { \remove "Time_signature_engraver" } {
 \key g \major \time 3/8 \tempo "Poco meno mosso."
  r16 d\p( g fis a g) b4._\markup \italic dolce ( e,) g~ g8 a b c[ r c\downbow]( e)[ r e\downbow]( g,4.)
}

Subsequently, cheerful episode is shown in D major (Excerpt 3).

Excerpt 3
\relative c' \new Staff \with { \remove "Time_signature_engraver" } {
 \key g \major \time 3/8 \partial 4
  d''16->\ff cis-> d-> cis-> a b a fis d b a fis d cis b-> d
  a->\< d fis a d fis <g d d,>8\sf[( r16 g-.)] g8-.
}

After the short development using excerpts 2 and 3, dotted rhythm reappears, followed by recapitulation of excerpt 1. In the coda, the music accelerates to con fuoco of excerpt 2, then to presto of excerpt 1, and it rushes into the end.

Average performance of this work requires approximately 5 minutes.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Although he called it the fictitious Spanish 'Sevillaña', the composer may have been aware of the correct spelling 'Sevillana', and this is combined with a French subtitle 'Scène Espagnole' (Spanish Scene).
  2. ^ Kennedy, p. 278
  3. ^ Moore, pp. 103-6
  4. ^ "IMSLP, Elgar, Sevillana". Retrieved 2014-08-03. 

References[edit]

  • Kennedy, Michael (1987). Portrait of Elgar (Third ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-284017-7. 
  • Moore, Jerrold N. (1984). Edward Elgar: a Creative Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-315447-1. 
  • Score, Elgar: Sevillana, Charles Tuckwood, London

External links[edit]