Seweryn Bialer (born November 3, 1926) is an emeritus professor of political science at Columbia University and an expert on the Communist parties of the Soviet Union and Poland. He was the Director of Columbia's Research Institute on International Change.
From May 1945 to June 1951 he was member of the Polish communist police force (Milicja Obywatelska). He also held various positions in the Polish Communist Party (PZPR). He was a political officer of the State Police in Warsaw and a member of the Central Committee of the Polish Worker's Party. Subsequently, beginning in June 1951, he became a Professor at the Institute of Sociology and political editor of the newspaper Trybuna Ludu. He was also a researcher in economics at the Polish Academy of Sciences. During this time he authored several political science textbooks.
In January, 1956 Bialer defected to West Berlin and conducted almost one-year long interview sessions for Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty in New York, which was broadcast to Poland during that year.
He moved to New York, eventually receiving a Ph.D. in political science from Columbia. He was appointed Robert and Renee Belfer Professor of Political Science. In 1983 he was awarded a prestigious MacArthur Fellowship. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1984.
In May 1981, after President Reagan at Notre Dame University dismissed communism as "a sad, bizarre chapter in human history whose last pages are even now being written," Bialer confidently contradicted Reagan in Foreign Affairs: "The Soviet Union is not now nor will it be during the next decade in the throes of a true systemic crisis, for it boasts enormous unused reserves of political and social stability that suffice to endure the deepest difficulties." The Soviet Union collapsed eight years later.
- The Domestic Context of Soviet Foreign Policy. Westview Press. 1981. ISBN 9780891588917. Editor.
- Stalin's Successors: Leadership, Stability and Change in the Soviet Union. Cambridge University Press. 1982. ISBN 9780521289061.
- Stalin and His Generals: Soviet Military Memoirs of World War II. Pegasus. 1983. ISBN 978-0672535970. Editor.
- Soviet Paradox: External Expansion, Internal Decline. I.B. Tauris. 1986. ISBN 9781850430308.
- Gorbachev's Russia and American Foreign Policy. Westview Press. 1988. ISBN 9780813307480. Edited with Michael Mandelbaum.
- Dallin, Alexander; Lapidus, Gail W., eds. (1995). "Domestic and International Factors in the Formation of Gorbachev's Reforms'". The Soviet System. From Crisis to Collapse (2nd revised ed.). Westview Press. ISBN 9780813318769.
- "Series 22: Transcripts and Analyses of Seweryn Bialer". Open Society Archives. 4 December 2012. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
- "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter B". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. p. 45. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
- Steele, David Ramsey (1992). From Marx to Mises: Post Capitalist Society and the Challenge of Ecomic Calculation. Open Court. ISBN 9780875484495.