Sexual violence in Papua New Guinea
|Effects and motivations|
Violence against women
An estimated 67% of wives have been beaten by their husbands with close to 100% in the Highlands Region according to a 1992 survey by the PNG Law Reform Commission. In urban areas, one in six women interviewed needed treatment for injuries caused by their husbands. The most common forms of violence include kicking, punching, burning and cutting with knives, accounting for 80% to 90% of the injuries treated by health workers.
Violence against infants and children
UNICEF describes the children in Papua New Guinea as some of the most vulnerable children in the world. According to UNICEF, nearly half of reported rape victims are under 15 years of age and 13% are under 7 years of age while a report by ChildFund Australia citing former Parliamentarian Dame Carol Kidu claimed 50% of those seeking medical help after rape are under 16, 25% are under 10 and 10% are under 8.
Up to 50 percent of girls are at risk of becoming involved in sex work, or being internally trafficked. Many are forced into marriage from 12 years of age under customary law. One in three sex workers are under 20 years of age.
Violence against men
A study by Rachel Jewkes et al., in The Lancet in 2013, on behalf of the United Nations Multi-country Cross-sectional Study on Men and Violence research team, found that 41% of men in Papua New Guinea admit to raping a non-partner. According to Jewkes et al. about 14.1% of men have committed multiple perpetrator rape, or "lainap", while according to a survey in 1994 by the PNG Institute of Medical Research, approximately 60% of men interviewed reported to have participated in gang rape at least once.
In urban areas, many in slum areas, Raskol gangs often require raping women for initiation reasons. Peter Moses, one of the leaders of “Dirty Dons 585” Raskol gang, states that raping women is a “must” for the young members of the gang. In rural areas when a boy wants to become a man, often he should go to enemy’s village and kill a pig to be accepted as an adult while in the cities "women have replaced pigs". Peter Moses, who claims to have raped more than 30 women himself said, “And it is better if a boy kills her afterwards, there will be less problems with the police”.
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- Davidson, Helen (19 July 2013). "Papua New Guinea: a country suffering spiralling violence". Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 2014-01-17.
- "Papue New Guinea: Women Shelter's Needed". Amnesty International. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
- "Where violence against women is rampant". Human Rights Watch. 27 January 2009. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Key Statistics". Rugby league against violence. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
- "Child Protection". UNICEF. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
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- Davidson, Helen (26 November 2013). "Papua New Guinea takes first steps to combat ‘epidemic’ of abuse". Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
- Jewkes, Rachel; Emma Fulu, Tim Roselli, Claudia Garcia-Moreno (10 September 2013). "Prevalence of and factors associated with non-partner rape perpetration: findings from the UN Multi-country Cross-sectional Study on Men and Violence in Asia and the Pacific". The Lancet 323. doi:10.1016/S2214-109X(13)70069-X. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
- "Crying Meri". Vlad Sokhin. Retrieved 12 February 2014.