Seyran Ohanyan

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Seyran Ohanyan
Սեյրան Օհանյան
Seyran Ohanyan at the Pentagon 2012 crop.jpg
Defence Minister of Armenia
In office
14 April 2008 – present
President Serzh Sargsyan
Preceded by Mikael Harutyunyan
Defence Minister of Nagorno-Karabakh
In office
August 1999 – May 2007
President Leonard Petrosyan
Arkadi Ghukasyan
Preceded by Samvel Babayan
Succeeded by Movses Hakobyan
Personal details
Born (1962-07-01) 1 July 1962 (age 52)
Shusha, Nagorno-Karabakh, Soviet Union
Political party Independent
Military service
Allegiance  USSR
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Service/branch Nagorno-Karabakh Defense Army
Armenian Army
Years of service 1983-present
Rank Colonel General
Commands Soviet 366th Motorized Rifle Regiment
Armenian 5th Army Corps
Battles/wars Nagorno-Karabakh War
Awards see below

Seyran Ohanyan (Armenian: Սեյրան Մուշեղի Օհանյան; born 1 July 1962) is the current Defence Minister of Armenia and former Defence Minister of Nagorno-Karabakh. He has held this position since 14 April 2008.


Ohanyan was born in the town of Shushi, then a part of the Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union. In 1979, he completed high school in the village of Mrgashen, in the region of Nairi in the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic.[1]

Ohanyan attended the Baku Higher Joint Command College and completed his studies there in 1983. He served as the Second Battalion commander in the 366th Motor Rifle Regiment of Soviet Ground Forces's 23rd Motor Rifle Division with the rank of a major before being sent for further service in the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany. He acted as commander of a motorized infantry platoon, and in March 1987 was appointed commander of the rifle company. In June 1988, he was transferred to the Red Banner Transcaucasian BO and was appointed commander of the infantry company commander of the 366th Guards Motorized Rifle Regiment stationed in Stepanakert. Ohanyan was appointed deputy commander of a motorized infantry battalion of the same regiment on August 1989 and commander of the 2nd infantry battalion on September 1990.

After the fall of the Soviet Union, Ohanyan joined Nagorno-Karabakh's newly formed army in 1991 and playing a major role in the Nagorno-Karabakh war against Azerbaijan.[1] He was seriously wounded in action in 1992 and had one of his legs amputated as a result of the injury. After the war, he was Deputy Commander of the Nagorno-Karabakh Defense Army from 1994 to 1999 and the Defence Minister of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic from August 1999 to May 2007.

Subsequently at the Republic of Armenia, he was appointed as chief of the general staff of the Armenian Armed Forces and First Deputy Minister of Defense of Armenia in 2007. After Serzh Sargsyan took office as President of Armenia, he appointed Ohanyan as Minister of Defense on 14 April 2008.[2][3]

Personal life[edit]

Ohanyan is married and has three sons and one daughter.[1]


He has been awarded with the medals and decorations of the USSR, Republic of Armenia and Nagorno Karabakh Republic:[1]

  • Armenia Order of the Combat Cross, 1st class
  • Armenia Tigran Mets Order
  • Armenia Drastamat Kanayan Medal
  • Armenia Marshal Baghramyan Medal
  • Armenia Medal "For the Service to the Motherland"
  • Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Hero of Artsakh (September 1999)
  • Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Order of the Combat Cross, 1st class
  • Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Medal "For the liberation of Shushi"
Soviet Union
  • Police chief of Armenia commemorative gold watch

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Seyran Ohanyan. Ministry of Defence of Armenia. Accessed 10 January 2010.
  2. ^ "New President Appoints Two Key Ministers",, April 15, 2008.
  3. ^ "Sarkisian Appoints Key Ministers in Emerging Cabinet." RFE/RL. April 15, 2008.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mikael Harutyunyan
Minister of Defence of Armenia
2008 – present