Shaaban Bin Robert
Shaaban bin Roberts, also known as Shaaban Robert (1 January 1909 – 20 June 1962), was a Tanzanian poet, author, and essayist who supported the preservation of Tanzanian verse traditions. Shabaan Robert was born in Vibambani village, Tanga Region. Robert is celebrated as one of the greatest Tanzanian Swahili thinkers, intellectuals and writer in East Africa and has been called "poet laureate of Swahili" and is also known as the "Father of Swahili."
Robert was born in the sleepy village of Vibamba in Tanga Region Tanzania (then Tanganyika Territory). The surname Robert is a name of a British colonial officer who requested his parent to name him after him, this means in really sense, Rober was his second name (not his surname or last name), his first name being Shaaban. Shaaban himself for a time wrote it Roberts rather than Robert. From 1922 to 1926 he was educated in Dar es Salaam, coming in second in a class of 11 to receive the School Leaving Certificate under the then British colonial educational system in Tanganyika.
The capital city of Dar es Salaam is home to a school named after him, the Shaaban Robert Secondary School.
After receiving the school certificate Shaaban worked at various posts as a colonial government civil servant. From 1926 to 1944 he was a customs official at different locations throughout the territory. From 1944 to 1946 he worked for the Game Department. From 1946 to 1952 he worked in the Tanga District Office, and from 1952 to 1960 he was in the Survey Office there. He worked very closely with the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) and Nyerere. Many of his civil service experiences are woven into his writings. During his lifetime he received the Margaret Wrong Memorial Prize for writing and was honored by the British government as a Member of the British Empire (M.B.E.).
Robert contributed to the promotion of the Swahili language and the struggle for the dignity of mankind. He was a celebrated humanist. He worked for freedom and gender equality, and was against racial and religious discrimination in Tanzania. Tanzania's first president, Julius Nyerere, had complete admiration for the late Shaaban Robert, and greatly valued and promoted his intellectual work. His was also equally respectful of both Muslims and Christians. That is reflected in his two unusual names (Shaaban—Muslim name and Robert, a Christian name).[The name Robert was in fact one of his father's several names, the others being Selemani and Ufukwe]
Sheikh Shaaban Robert succeeded in writing essays, books, prose and poems and some of his literature is part of school curricula and higher education reading. Some of his books included Maisha Yangu na Baada ya Miaka Hamsini, Kusadikika, and Wasifu wa Siti binti Saad. His works are still being discovered and published. To date he has 24 known works.
- Robert, Shaaban (trans.): Omar Khayyam Kwa Kiswahili London: Macmillan, 1952, (Swahili translation of the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, translator's pref. (in Swahili) dated Tanga, 1948.)
- Bin Robert, Shaaban: Utubora Mkulima (Diwani Ya Shaaban 8) Nelson, London, 1968
- Robert, Shaaban: Koja La Lugha Oxford Univ, Nairobi, 1969
- Lyndon Harries: Swahili Poetry. Oxford, 1962
- Jan Knappert: Traditional Swahili Poetry. Mouton, The Hague, 1968
- Edgar C. Polome: Swahili Language Handbook, 1967
- Wilfred H. Whiteley: Swahili: The Rise of a National Language, 1969
- Mulokozi, M.M. (ed). Barua za Shaaban Robert 1931–1958 (Shaaban Robert's Letters 1931–1958), Institute of Kiswahili Research, Dar es Salaam, 2002.