Shackamaxon or Shakamaxon was a historic village along the Delaware River inhabited by Delaware (Lenape) Indians in North America. It was located within what are now the borders of the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. From the Lenape term Sakimauchheen Ing (pronounced Sak-i-mauch-heen Ing) which means “to make a chief or king place”; called “Shackamaxon” by the English, Dutch, and Swedes. It's where the Lenapi "crowned" their many family sakima (chief) or their three clan kitakima (big or clan chief) of the Lenape Nation. It is modern Frankford-Kensington, Philadelphia, and there is a monument marking its relative location.
In 1682, William Penn reportedly signed a treaty with the leaders of the Delaware village under an ancient elm tree. The treaty has not been authenticated, but the signing was immortalized in several works of art (in particular, Benjamin West's paintings) and was mentioned by the French author Voltaire. The legendary elm tree marking the spot blew down in a storm in 1810. Its location was memorialized as a park, known as Penn Treaty Park.
Six Swedish families were recorded as living in this area before Penn's arrival. The Swedes sold out to the new English settlers. In the 19th century, the territory of Shackamaxon was developed as part of the Port Richmond, Fishtown, and Kensington sections of Philadelphia. Today there is a Shackamaxon Street in Philadelphia which runs through those neighborhoods.
- Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission: Shackamaxon Treaty history website.
- Penn Treaty Museum
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