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Eminem

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"Marshall Mathers" and "Slim Shady" redirect here. For other uses, see Marshall Mathers (disambiguation) and Slim Shady (disambiguation).
Eminem
Eminem DJ Hero.jpg
Eminem performing in June 2009
Born Marshall Bruce Mathers III
(1972-10-17) October 17, 1972 (age 42)
St. Joseph, Missouri, U.S.
Residence Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
Other names
  • Double M
  • M&M
Occupation
  • Rapper
  • record producer
  • songwriter
  • actor
Years active 1988–present
Home town Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
Spouse(s) Kimberly Anne Scott (m. 1999–2001, 2006; divorced)
Children 1
Musical career
Genres Hip hop
Instruments
Labels
Associated acts
Website www.eminem.com

Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972),[1] better known by his stage name Eminem, is an American rapper, record producer, songwriter and actor, from Detroit, Michigan. In addition to his solo career, he is a member of D12 and (with Royce da 5'9") half of the hip-hop duo Bad Meets Evil. Eminem is the best-selling artist of the 2000s in the United States;[2] Rolling Stone ranked him 83rd on its list of 100 Greatest Artists of All Time,[3] calling him the King of Hip Hop.[4] Including his work with D12 and Bad Meets Evil, Eminem has had ten number-one albums on the Billboard 200. He has sold more than 155 million albums and singles, making him one of the world's best-selling artists.[5] As of June 2014, Eminem is the second-bestselling male artist of the Nielsen SoundScan era, the sixth-bestselling artist in the United States and the bestselling hip-hop artist, with sales of 45,160,000 albums and 31 million digital singles.[6][7]

After his debut album Infinite (1996), Eminem achieved mainstream popularity in 1999 with The Slim Shady LP; the commercially successful second album received his first Grammy Award for Best Rap Album. His next two releases (2000's The Marshall Mathers LP and 2002's The Eminem Show) were worldwide successes, with each certified diamond in US sales. Both won Best Rap Album Grammy Awards, making Eminem the first artist to win the award for three consecutive LPs. They were followed by Encore in 2004, another critical and commercial success. Eminem went on hiatus after touring in 2005, releasing Relapse in 2009 and Recovery in 2010; both won Grammy Awards. Recovery was the bestselling album of 2010 worldwide, and the rapper's second international bestselling album of the year (his first was The Eminem Show). Eminem's eighth album (2013's The Marshall Mathers LP 2) won two Grammy Awards, including Best Rap Album; it expanded his record for the most wins in that category and his Grammy total to 15.

Eminem has developed other ventures, including Shady Records with manager Paul Rosenberg. He has his own channel, Shade 45, on Sirius XM Radio. In November 2002, Eminem starred in the hip hop film 8 Mile. He won the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Lose Yourself", the first rap artist to win the award.[8] Eminem has made cameo appearances in the films The Wash (2001), Funny People (2009), The Interview (2014) and the television series Entourage.

Life and career

1972–91: Early life

Mathers was born on October 17, 1972, in St. Joseph, Missouri. He is the only child of Marshall Bruce Mathers, Jr. (born June 30, 1951, and known as Bruce) and Deborah Rae Nelson (born January 6, 1955, and known as Debbie).[9][10][11] Eminem is of English, German, Scottish and Swiss descent.[12] Debbie was 14 when she met 18-year-old Bruce;[11] at age 17, she nearly died during her 73-hour labor.[13] Eminem's parents were in a band called Daddy Warbucks, playing in Ramada Inns along the Dakotas-Montana border before their separation. Bruce left the family, moving to California[14] and having two other children: Michael and Sarah (born c. 1982).[15] Debbie later had a son, Nathan Kane Samara, born February 3, 1986 and known as Nate.[11] During his childhood Eminem and Debbie shuttled between Missouri and Michigan, rarely staying in one house for more than a year or two and living primarily with family members. In Missouri they lived in several places, including Saint Joseph, Savannah and Kansas City,[16] before settling in Warren, Michigan when Eminem was eleven.[14][17] As a teenager, Eminem wrote letters to his father; according to Debbie, all came back marked "Return to sender."[14] Friends and family remember Eminem as a happy child, but "a bit of a loner" who was often bullied. One bully, De'Angelo Bailey, severely injured Eminem in the head; Debbie Nelson filed a lawsuit against the school in 1982, which was dismissed the following year.[13]

Eminem spent much of his youth in a lower-middle-class, primarily African-American Detroit neighborhood.[14] He and Debbie were one of three white households on their block, and Eminem was beaten by African-American youths several times.[14] As a child he was interested in storytelling, aspiring to be a comic-book artist before discovering hip hop.[18] Eminem heard his first rap song ("Reckless", featuring Ice-T) at age nine on the Breakin' soundtrack, a gift from Debbie's half-brother Ronald (Ronnie) Polkinghorn. When Polkinghorn committed suicide ten years later, Eminem stopped speaking for days and did not attend his funeral.[14]

His home life was seldom stable; Eminem frequently fought with his mother, who was described by a social worker as having a "very suspicious, almost paranoid personality." When her son became famous Debbie bristled at suggestions that she was a less-than-ideal mother, contending that she sheltered him and was responsible for his success. In 1987, Debbie allowed runaway Kimberly Ann (Kim) Scott to stay at their home; several years later, Eminem began an on-and-off relationship with Kim.[13] After spending three years in ninth grade due to truancy and poor grades,[19] he dropped out of Lincoln High School at age 17. Although he was interested in English, he never explored literature (preferring comic books) and disliked math and social studies.[20] Eminem worked at several jobs to help his mother pay the bills, later maintaining that she often threw him out of the house anyway. When she left to play bingo, he would blast the stereo and write songs.[14]

At age 14, he began rapping with high-school friend Mike Ruby; they adopted the names "Manix" and "M&M," which evolved into "Eminem".[1][13] Eminem sneaked into neighboring Osborn High School with friend and fellow rapper Proof for lunchroom freestyle rap battles.[21] On Saturdays they attended open-mic contests at the Hip-Hop Shop on West 7 Mile, considered ground-zero for the Detroit rap scene.[14] Struggling to succeed in a predominantly African-American industry, Eminem was appreciated by underground hip hop audiences.[1][22][23] When he wrote verses, he wanted most of the words to rhyme; he wrote long words or phrases on paper and, underneath, worked on rhymes for each syllable.[20] Although the words often made little sense, the drill helped Eminem practice sounds and rhymes.[20]

1992–99: Early career, Infinite, and The Slim Shady LP

As Eminem's reputation grew, he was recruited by several rap groups; the first of these was the New Jacks. After they disbanded he joined Soul Intent, who released a single in 1995 featuring Proof.[1] The two rappers formed D12, a six-member ensemble resembling a Wu-Tang-style collective more than a regularly performing group.[14] Eminem had his first run-in with the law at age 20, when he was arrested for his involvement in a drive-by shooting with a paintball gun. The case was dismissed when the victim did not appear in court.[13]

Eminem was soon signed to Jeff and Mark Bass' FBT Productions, recording his debut album Infinite for their independent Web Entertainment label.[24] One lyrical subject of Infinite was his struggle to raise his newborn daughter, Hailie Jade Scott Mathers, on little money. During this period Eminem's rhyming style, primarily inspired by rappers Nas and AZ, lacked the comically violent slant for which he would later be known.[25] Infinite was largely ignored by Detroit disc jockeys, and the feedback he did receive ("Why don't you go into rock and roll?") led him to craft angrier, moodier tracks.[14] At this time Eminem and Kim Scott lived in a crime-ridden neighborhood, and their house was robbed several times.[14] He cooked and washed dishes for the minimum wage at Gilbert's Lodge, a family-style restaurant at St. Clair Shores.[26] Described by his former boss as becoming a model employee, he worked 60 hours a week for six months after Hailie's birth.[13] He was once fired shortly before Christmas, and later said, "It was, like, five days before Christmas, which is Hailie's birthday. I had, like, forty dollars to get her something."[14] After the release of Infinite, his personal problems and substance abuse culminated in a suicide attempt.[1] By March 1997 he was fired from Gilbert’s Lodge for the last time, and lived in his mother's mobile home with Kim and Hailie.[13]

Eminem onstage in a white T-shirt
Eminem in Germany, 1999

Eminem attracted more attention when he developed Slim Shady, a sadistic, violent alter ego. The character, "a drug-dealing, bloodthirsty thug who spits furious rhymes about murder, rape, drugs and living by the law of the urban jungle", allowed him to express his anger.[13] In the spring of 1997 he recorded his debut EP, the Slim Shady EP, which was released that winter by Web Entertainment.[14] The EP, with frequent references to drug use, sexual acts, mental instability and violence, also explored the more-serious themes of dealing with poverty and marital and family difficulties and revealed his direct, self-deprecating response to criticism.[1] Hip-hop magazine The Source featured Eminem in its "Unsigned Hype" column in March 1998.[27]

After he was evicted from his home, Eminem went to Los Angeles to compete in the 1997 Rap Olympics (an annual, nationwide battle rap competition). He placed second, and Interscope Records staff in attendance sent a copy of the Slim Shady EP to company CEO Jimmy Iovine. Iovine played the tape for record producer Dr. Dre, founder of Aftermath Entertainment. Dre recalled, "In my entire career in the music industry, I have never found anything from a demo tape or a CD. When Jimmy played this, I said, 'Find him. Now.'" Although he was criticized by associates for hiring a white rapper, he was confident in his decision: "I don't give a fuck if you're purple; if you can kick it, I'm working with you."[14] Eminem, who had idolized Dre since listening to N.W.A as a teenager, was nervous about working with him on an album: "I didn't want to be starstruck or kiss his ass too much ... I'm just a little white boy from Detroit. I had never seen stars, let alone Dr. Dre."[28] He became more comfortable working with Dre after a series of productive recording sessions.[29]

Eminem released The Slim Shady LP in February 1999. Although it was one of the year's most popular albums (certified triple platinum by the end of the year),[30] he was accused of imitating the style and subject matter of underground rapper Cage.[31][32] Its popularity was accompanied by controversy over its lyrics; in "'97 Bonnie and Clyde", Eminem describes a trip with his infant daughter when he disposes of his wife's body. Although "Guilty Conscience" encourages a man to murder his wife and her lover, the song marked the beginning of a friendship and musical bond between Dr. Dre and Eminem. The label-mates later collaborated on a number of hit songs ("Forgot About Dre" and "What's the Difference" from Dr. Dre's album 2001, "Bitch Please II" from The Marshall Mathers LP, "Say What You Say" from The Eminem Show, "Encore/Curtains Down" from Encore, and "Old Time's Sake" and "Crack a Bottle" from Relapse), and Dre made at least one guest appearance on each of Eminem's Aftermath albums.[33] The Slim Shady LP has been certified quadruple platinum by the RIAA.

2000–02: The Marshall Mathers LP and The Eminem Show

The Marshall Mathers LP was released in May 2000. It sold 1.76 million copies in its first week, breaking US records held by Snoop Dogg's Doggystyle for fastest-selling hip hop album and Britney Spears' ...Baby One More Time for fastest-selling solo album.[34][35] The first single from the album, "The Real Slim Shady", was a success despite controversies about Eminem's insults and dubious claims about celebrities (for example, that Christina Aguilera had performed oral sex on Fred Durst and Carson Daly).[36] In his second single, "The Way I Am", he reveals the pressure from his record company to top "My Name Is". Although Eminem parodied shock rocker Marilyn Manson in the music video for "My Name Is", they are reportedly on good terms; Manson is mentioned in "The Way I Am", appeared in its music video and has performed a live remix of the song with Eminem.[37] In the third single, "Stan" (which samples Dido's "Thank You") Eminem tries to deal with his new fame, assuming the persona of a deranged fan who kills himself and his pregnant girlfriend (mirroring "'97 Bonnie & Clyde" from The Slim Shady LP).[22] Q magazine called "Stan" the third-greatest rap song of all time,[38] and it was ranked tenth in a Top40-Charts.com survey.[39] The song has since been ranked 296th on Rolling Stone magazine's "500 Greatest Songs of All Time" list.[40] In July 2000, Eminem was the first white artist to appear on the cover of The Source magazine.[27] The Marshall Mathers LP has been certified 10× platinum by the RIAA.

Eminem performed with Elton John at the 43rd Grammy Awards ceremony in 2001,[41] with the Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD, an organization which considered Eminem's lyrics homophobic) condemning John's decision to perform with Eminem.[42] Entertainment Weekly placed the appearance on its end-of-decade "best-of" list: "It was the hug heard 'round the world. Eminem, under fire for homophobic lyrics, shared the stage with a gay icon for a performance of "Stan" that would have been memorable in any context."[43] On February 21, the day of the awards ceremony, GLAAD held a protest outside the Staples Center (the ceremony's venue).[44] In 2001 Eminem appeared in the Up in Smoke Tour with rappers Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, Xzibit and Ice Cube[45] and the Family Values Tour with Limp Bizkit,[46] headlining the Anger Management Tour with Papa Roach, Ludacris and Xzibit.

The Eminem Show was released in May 2002. It was another success, reaching number one on the charts and selling over 1.332 million copies during its first full week.[30] The album's single, "Without Me", denigrates boy bands, Limp Bizkit, Dick and Lynne Cheney, Moby and others. The Eminem Show (certified 10× platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America) examines the effects of the rapper's rise to fame, his relationship with his wife and daughter and his status in the hip-hop community, addressing an assault charge brought by a bouncer he saw kissing his wife in 2000. Although several tracks are clearly angry, Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic found The Eminem Show less inflammatory than The Marshall Mathers LP.[47] L. Brent Bozell III, who had criticized The Marshall Mathers LP for misogynistic lyrics, noted The Eminem Show‍ '​s extensive use of obscenity and called the rapper "Eminef" for the prevalence of the word "motherfucker" on the album.[48] The Eminem Show was the best-selling album of 2002.[49]

2003–07: Encore and musical hiatus

Eminem onstage, with blond hair and wearing a suit
On the Anger Management Tour promoting Encore

On December 8, 2003, the United States Secret Service said that it was "looking into" allegations that Eminem had threatened the President of the United States.[50] The cause for concern was the lyrics of "We As Americans" ("Fuck money / I don't rap for dead presidents / I'd rather see the president dead / It's never been said, but I set precedents"), which was later released on a bonus CD with the deluxe edition of Encore.[51]

Encore, released in 2004, was another success. Its sales were partially driven by the first single, "Just Lose It", which contained slurs about Michael Jackson. On October 12, 2004, a week after "Just Lose It"'s release, Jackson phoned the Los Angeles-based Steve Harvey radio show to report his displeasure with its video (which parodies Jackson's child molestation trial, plastic surgery and the 1984 incident when Jackson's hair caught fire during the filming of a commercial). In the song Eminem says, "That's not a stab at Michael / That's just a metaphor / I'm just psycho". Many of Jackson's friends and supporters spoke out against the video, including Stevie Wonder (who described it as "kicking a man while he's down" and "bullshit")[52] and Steve Harvey (who said, "Eminem has lost his ghetto pass. We want the pass back").[52] The video also parodied Pee-wee Herman, MC Hammer and Madonna during her Blond Ambition period.[53] "Weird Al" Yankovic, who parodied the Eminem song "Lose Yourself" on "Couch Potato" for his 2003 album Poodle Hat, told the Chicago Sun-Times about Jackson's protest: "Last year, Eminem forced me to halt production on the video for my 'Lose Yourself' parody because he somehow thought that it would be harmful to his image or career. So the irony of this situation with Michael is not lost on me."[54] Although Black Entertainment Television stopped playing the video, MTV announced that it would continue to air it. The Source, through CEO Raymond "Benzino" Scott, called for the video to be pulled, the song removed from the album and Eminem to apologize publicly to Jackson.[55] In 2007 Jackson and Sony bought Famous Music from Viacom, giving him the rights to songs by Eminem, Shakira, Beck and others.[56]

Despite its lead single's humorous theme, Encore explored serious subject matter with the anti-war song "Mosh". The song criticized President George W. Bush as "This weapon of mass destruction that we call our president", with lyrics including "Fuck Bush".[57] On October 25, 2004, a week before the 2004 US Presidential election, Eminem released the video for "Mosh" on the Internet.[58] In it, Eminem gathers an army (including rapper Lloyd Banks) of Bush-administration victims and leads them to the White House. When they break in, it is learned that they are there to register to vote; the video ends with "VOTE Tuesday November 2". After Bush's reelection, the video's ending was changed to Eminem and the protesters invading the White House during a speech by the president.[59]

In 2005, industry insiders speculated that Eminem was considering ending his rapping career after six years and several multi-platinum albums. Rumors began early in the year about a double album to be released late that year, entitled The Funeral;[60] the greatest hits album, entitled Curtain Call: The Hits, was released in December. In July the Detroit Free Press reported a possible final bow for Eminem as a solo performer, quoting members of his inner circle as saying that he would embrace the roles of producer and label executive. The day of Curtain Call: The Hits‍ '​s release, Eminem appeared on WKQI's "Mojo in the Morning" show. Denying that he was retiring, he suggested he would take a break as an artist: "I'm at a point in my life right now where I feel like I don't know where my career is going ... This is the reason that we called it 'Curtain Call', because this could be the final thing. We don't know."[61] The following year, Eminem released Eminem Presents: The Re-Up on Shady Records.

In 2005 the rapper was ranked 58th in Bernard Goldberg's book, 100 People Who Are Screwing Up America.[62] Goldberg cited a 2001 column by Bob Herbert of The New York Times, in which Herbert wrote "In Eminem's world, all women are whores and he is eager to rape and murder them",[63] and the song "No One's Iller" from the Slim Shady EP as examples of the rapper's misogyny.[64] That summer Eminem began his first US concert tour in three years, with the Anger Management 3 Tour featuring 50 Cent, G-Unit, Lil Jon, D12, Obie Trice and The Alchemist. In August he canceled the European leg of the tour, later announcing that he had entered drug rehabilitation for treatment of a "dependency on sleep medication".[65] Curtain Call: The Hits was released December 6, 2005 by Aftermath Entertainment.[66] During its first week it sold nearly 441,000 copies in the US, and was Eminem's fourth consecutive number-one album on the Billboard Hot 200.[67] The album has been certified double platinum by the RIAA.[68]

In September 2007 Eminem called New York radio station WQHT during an interview with 50 Cent, saying that he was "in limbo" and "debating" about when (or if) he would release another album: "I'm always working – I'm always in the studio. It feels good right now, the energy of the label. For a while, I didn't want to go back to the studio ... I went through some personal things. I'm coming out of those personal things [and] it feels good."[69]

2008–09: Relapse and Refill

Eminem onstage in a white shirt, gray jacket and baseball cap
With D12 in May 2009

Eminem appeared on his Shade 45 Sirius channel in September 2008, saying: "Right now I'm kinda just concentrating on my own stuff, for right now and just banging out tracks and producing a lot of stuff. You know, the more I keep producing the better it seems like I get 'cause I just start knowing stuff."[70] Interscope confirmed that a new album[71] would be released in spring 2009.[72] In December 2008 the rapper provided a few more details about the album, entitled Relapse: "Me and Dre are back in the lab like the old days, man. Dre will end up producing the majority of the tracks on 'Relapse'. We are up to our old mischievous ways ... let's just leave it at that."[73]

According to a March 5, 2009 press release, Eminem would release two new albums that year. Relapse, the first, was released on May 19; its first single and music video, "We Made You", had been released on April 7.[74] Although Relapse did not sell as well as the rapper's previous albums, it was a commercial success which received positive reviews and re-established his presence in the hip-hop world. Relapse was named one of the top albums of 2009, and has sold more than five million copies worldwide. During the 2009 MTV Movie Awards, Sacha Baron Cohen descended on the audience in an angel costume. He landed buttocks-first on Eminem, who stormed out of the ceremony; three days later, the rapper said that the stunt had been staged.[75] On October 30 he headlined at the Voodoo Experience in New Orleans, his first full performance of the year.[76] Eminem's act included several songs from Relapse, many of his older hits and an appearance by D12. On November 19, he announced on his website that Relapse: Refill would be released on December 21. The album was a re-release of Relapse with seven bonus tracks, including "Forever" and "Taking My Ball". Eminem described the CD:

I want to deliver more material for the fans this year like I originally planned ... Hopefully these tracks on The Refill will tide the fans over until we put out Relapse 2 next year ... I got back in with Dre and then a few more producers, including Just Blaze, and went in a completely different direction which made me start from scratch. The new tracks started to sound very different than the tracks I originally intended to be on Relapse 2, but I still want the other stuff to be heard.[77]

2010–11: Recovery and Bad Meets Evil reunion

Eminem and Rihanna onstage in front of three large theater screens
Singing "Love the Way You Lie" with Rihanna at the 2010 E3 Expo Party

On April 14, 2010, Eminem tweeted: "There is no Relapse 2". Although his followers thought he was not releasing an album, he had changed its title to Recovery and confirmed this by tweeting "RECOVERY" with a link to his website. According to the rapper:

I had originally planned for Relapse 2 to come out last year. But as I kept recording and working with new producers, the idea of a sequel to Relapse started to make less and less sense to me, and I wanted to make a completely new album. The music on Recovery came out very different from Relapse, and I think it deserves its own title.[78]

His seventh album was released on June 18.[78] In the US Recovery sold 741,000 copies during its first week, topping the Billboard 200 chart.[79][80] Eminem's sixth consecutive US number-one album also topped the charts in several other countries. Recovery remained atop the Billboard 200 chart for five consecutive weeks of a seven-week total.[81][82]

Billboard reported that it was the bestselling album of 2010, making Eminem the first artist in Nielsen SoundScan history with two year-end bestselling albums.[83] Recovery is the bestselling digital album in history.[84] Its first single, "Not Afraid", was released on April 29 and debuted atop the Billboard Hot 100; its music video was released on June 4.[85] "Not Afraid" was followed by "Love the Way You Lie", which debuted at number two before rising to the top.[86] Although "Love the Way You Lie" was the bestselling 2010 single in the United Kingdom, it did not reach number one (the first time this has happened in the UK since 1969).[87] Despite criticism of its inconsistency, Recovery received positive reviews from most critics. As of November 21, 2010, the album had US sales of three million copies.[88] Recovery was the bestselling album worldwide in 2010, joining 2002's bestseller The Eminem Show to give the rapper two worldwide year-end number-one albums.[89][90] With Recovery, Eminem broke the record for the most successive US number-one albums by a solo artist.[91]

He appeared at the 2010 BET Awards,[92] performing "Not Afraid" and "Airplanes, Part II" with B.o.B, and performed at the Activison E3 concert. In June Eminem and Jay-Z announced they would perform together in Detroit and New York, at concerts called The Home & Home Tour. The first two concerts quickly sold out, prompting an additional show in each city.[93] BET called Eminem the number-one rapper of the 21st century.[94] He opened the 2010 MTV Video Music Awards on September 12, performing "Not Afraid" and "Love the Way You Lie" with Rihanna singing the choruses.[95] Due to the success of Recovery and the Home & Home Tour, Eminem was named the 2010 Hottest MC in the Game by MTV[96] and Emcee of the Year by the online magazine HipHopDX.[97] He and Rihanna again collaborated on "Love the Way You Lie (Part II)", the sequel of their hit single. Unlike the original, Rihanna is the lead vocalist and it is sung from the female perspective.[98] In December 2010, the "Great Eminem Recovery" was number one on Billboard‍ '​s Top 25 Music Moments of 2010.[99] He appeared at the 2011 Grammy Awards on February 13, performing "Love the Way You Lie (Part II)" with Rihanna and Adam Levine and "I Need a Doctor" with Dr. Dre and Skylar Grey.[100] That month it was announced that "Space Bound" would be the fourth single from Recovery, with a music video featuring former porn star Sasha Grey;[101][102] the video was released June 24 on the iTunes Store.[103]

Eminem onstage, in front of automobile front ends
Performing in 2011

In 2010, Eminem again began collaborating with Royce da 5'9" on their first EP as Bad Meets Evil; the duo formed in 1999. The EP, Hell: The Sequel, was released on June 14, 2011.[104] Eminem was featured on Royce da 5'9"'s "Writer's Block", released on April 8, 2011.[105] On May 3 they released the lead single "Fast Lane" from their upcoming EP, and a music video was filmed.[106] In March 2011, within days of each other, The Eminem Show and The Marshall Mathers LP were certified diamond by the RIAA; Eminem is the only rapper with two diamond-certified albums.[107] With more than 60 million "likes" he was the most-followed person on Facebook, outscoring Lady Gaga, Justin Bieber, Rihanna and Michael Jackson.[108] Eminem was the first artist in five years with two number-one albums (Recovery and Hell: The Sequel) in a 12-month period.[109] Early in 2011 he leaked "2.0 Boys", on which Yelawolf and Slaughterhouse collaborated when they signed with Shady Records in January, and performed it in April.[110] Bad Meets Evil released their next single, "Lighters", on July 6 and its music video in late August.[111][112] On August 6, Eminem performed several songs from throughout his career at Lollapalooza with the artists who had been featured on each song.[113]

2012–13: The Marshall Mathers LP 2

Eminem announced on May 24, 2012 that he was working on his next album,[114] scheduled for release the following year.[115] Without a title or release date, it was included on a number of "Most Anticipated Albums of 2013" lists (including MTV); Complex Magazine ranked it sixth, and XXL listed it fifth.[116]

He talked about the album on June 30, 2012, with DJ Whoo Kid on Shade 45; the material was taking shape, and Dr. Dre would be involved.[117] On August 30, Slaughterhouse member Royce da 5'9" said about it: "I'm not so sure how the world is going to respond from some of the things that I've heard from him."[citation needed] Friend and fellow rapper 50 Cent was confirmed as appearing on the album.[118] Eminem appeared on Pink's "Here Comes The Weekend", from The Truth About Love.

On February 11, 2013, Shady Records president and Eminem manager Paul Rosenberg announced that the rapper's eighth album would be released after Memorial Day. "We fully expect to be releasing a new Eminem album in 2013. He's been working on it for some time," said Rosenberg. "It's safe to say that it will be post-Memorial Day at some point, but we're not exactly sure when. We've got some dates locked in for him to perform live in Europe in August, so we're trying to see what else lines up." The album remained untitled.[119] On March 22, Dr. Dre said that he worked with Eminem on the album and it was nearly finished;[120] No I.D. was confirmed as producer.[121]

On August 14 "Survival", featuring Liz Rodrigues and produced by DJ Khalil, premièred in the multi-player trailer for the video game Call of Duty: Ghosts. According to a press release, the first single from Eminem's eighth album would be released soon.[122][123] During the 2013 MTV Video Music Awards, it was announced that the album would be entitled The Marshall Mathers LP 2 (following The Marshall Mathers LP) and was scheduled for release on November 5.[124]

Eminem onstate in T-shirt, shorts and baseball cap
At the 2014 Lollapalooza in Chicago

Its lead single, "Berzerk", was released on August 25 and debuted at number three on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. Three more singles followed: "Survival" (appearing on the Call of Duty: Ghosts trailer),[125] "Rap God" and "The Monster" (with Rihanna).

The album was released on November 5 by Aftermath Entertainment, Shady Records and Interscope Records. Its standard version had 16 tracks, and the deluxe version included a second disc with five additional tracks. The Marshall Mathers LP 2 was Eminem's seventh album to debut atop the Billboard 200, and had the year's second-largest first-week sales.[126][127] The rapper was the first artist since The Beatles to have four singles in the top 20 of the Billboard Hot 100.[128][129][130]

In the United Kingdom The Marshall Mathers LP 2 debuted at number one on the UK Albums Chart. The first American artist with seven consecutive UK number-one albums, he is tied with The Beatles for second place for the most consecutive chart-topping UK albums.[131][132][133] The album secured Eminem's position as Canada's best-selling artist, and was 2013's best-selling album.[134]

On November 3 Eminem was named the first YouTube Music Awards Artist of the Year,[135] and a week later he received the Global Icon Award at the 2013 MTV EMA Music Awards.[136] On June 10, it was announced that the rapper was the first artist to receive two digital diamond certifications – sales and streams of 10 million and above – by the RIAA (for "Not Afraid" and "Love the Way You Lie").[137] On July 11 and 12, Eminem played two concerts in Wembley Stadium.[138] At the 57th Grammy Awards, he received Best Rap Album award for The Marshall Mathers LP 2 and Best Rap/Sung Collaboration (with Rihanna) for "The Monster".[citation needed]

2014–present: Shady XV

Eminem raps with a live band during The Concert for Valor in Washington, D.C. Nov. 11, 2014.

In June 2014 Eminem and Rosenberg began using the hashtag #SHADYXV on social-networking sites, and the rapper wore a T-shirt with the hashtag onstage. According to an August 25 press release on Eminem's website, the hashtag was the name of an upcoming Shady Records compilation: Shady XV. That day, the first single from the album ("Guts Over Fear", featuring singer-songwriter Sia Furler)[139] was released and the album's track list was released on October 29.[140] Shady Records released a cypher to promote the album, in which Eminem did a seven-minute freestyle. "Detroit Vs. Everybody" (the album's second single), with Eminem, Dej Loaf, Royce da 5'9", Danny Brown, Big Sean and Trick-Trick, was released on November 11.[141] Shady XV, released on November 24 during Black Friday week,[142] consists of one greatest-hits disc and one disc of new material by Shady Records artists such as D12, Slaughterhouse, Bad Meets Evil and Yelawolf. The album debuted at number three on the Billboard 200 chart, with first-week sales of 138,000 copies in the United States.[143]

The Official Eminem Box Set, a career-spanning, 10-disc vinyl box set, was released on March 12, 2015. The set includes Eminem's eight studio albums, the 8 Mile soundtrack and the compilation Eminem Presents: The Re-Up.[144] Early in the year, it was announced that he would appear on Tech N9ne's "Speedom (Worldwide Choppers 2)".[145] The song, also featuring Krizz Kaliko, was released on April 20. Eminem also appeared on Yelawolf's "Best Friend", the single from Love Story.

Other ventures

Shady Records and D12

Main articles: Shady Records and D12

After Eminem's multi-platinum record sales, Interscope offered him his own label; the rapper and Paul Rosenberg founded Shady Records in late 1999. Eminem signed his Detroit collective, D12, and rapper Obie Trice to the label and signed 50 Cent in a 2002 joint venture with Dr. Dre's Aftermath label. In 2003, Eminem and Dr. Dre added Atlanta rapper Stat Quo to the Shady-Aftermath roster. DJ Green Lantern, Eminem's former DJ, was with Shady Records until a dispute related to the 50 Cent-Jadakiss feud forced him to leave the label. The Alchemist is currently Eminem's tour DJ. In 2005 Eminem signed another Atlanta rapper, Bobby Creekwater, and West Coast rapper Cashis to Shady Records.[19]

On December 5, 2006, the compilation album Eminem Presents: The Re-Up was released on Shady Records. The project began as a mixtape, but when Eminem found the material better than expected he released it as an album. The Re-Up was intended to introduce Stat Quo, Cashis and Bobby Creekwater.[146] While he was recording Infinite, Eminem, Proof and Kon Artis assembled a group of fellow rappers now known as D12, short for "Detroit Twelve" or "Dirty Dozen", who performed in a style similar to Wu-Tang Clan.[147] In 2001 D12's debut album, Devil's Night, was released.[148] The first single from the album was "Shit on You", followed by "Purple Pills" (an ode to recreational drug use). "Purple Pills" was rewritten for radio and television, removing many of the song's references to drugs and sex, and renamed "Purple Hills". It was a hit but the album's third single, "Fight Music", was not as successful.[149]

After their debut, D12 took a three-year break from the studio. They reunited in 2004 for their second album, D12 World, which included the hit single "My Band".[148] According to D12 member Bizarre, Eminem was not featured on his album Blue Cheese & Coney Island because "he's busy doing his thing".[150] D12 released a 2011 mixtape entitled Return of the Dozen Volume 2, with Eminem on one song ("Fame"); the rapper was not on the group's previous mixtape, Return of the Dozen.[citation needed]

In January 2014, Bass Brothers announced that D12 had returned to record at F.B.T. Studio and they were working on an album with Eminem on at least three songs. Bizarre reported that he was still part of the group and that the album was scheduled for a 2014 release.[151]

Acting career

After a small role in the 2001 film The Wash, Eminem made his Hollywood debut in the quasi-autobiographical 2002 film 8 Mile. According to the rapper, it is a representation of growing up in Detroit rather than an account of his life. He recorded several new songs for the soundtrack, including "Lose Yourself" (which won an Academy Award for Best Original Song in 2003 and became the longest-running #1 hip hop single in history).[152] Eminem was absent from the ceremony, and co-composer Luis Resto accepted the award.[153]

The rapper has voiced the video game 50 Cent: Bulletproof (as an aging, corrupt, Ebonics-speaking police officer) and guested on the Comedy Central television show Crank Yankers and a Web cartoon, The Slim Shady Show (currently available on DVD).[154] He was signed to star in an unmde film version of Have Gun – Will Travel,[155] and was considered for the role of David Rice in the 2008 film Jumper.[156] Eminem had a cameo appearance, arguing with Ray Romano, in the 2009 film Funny People.

He played himself in the Entourage season-seven finale "Lose Yourself" with Christina Aguilera.[157] Although Eminem was offered the lead role in the 2013 science-fiction film Elysium, he turned it down because director Neill Blomkamp would not change its location from Los Angeles to Detroit.[158] The rapper had a cameo appearance as himself in the 2014 film, The Interview; during an interview with the main character, Dave Skylark (James Franco), Eminem comes out.[159]

Memoirs

Eminem's autobiography, The Way I Am, was published October 21, 2008. Detailing his struggles with poverty, drugs, fame, heartbreak and depression, it includes stories of his rise to fame, commentary about past controversies and original lyric sheets from "Stan" and "The Real Slim Shady."[160] An autobiography of the rapper's mother (My Son Marshall, My Son Eminem) was published the following month, in which Debbie Nelson describes her childhood and adolescence, meeting Eminem's father and her son's rise to (and struggles with) fame.

Advertising and charity

Eminem appeared in two commercials which were shown during Super Bowl XLV. In the first, a one-minute spot for Lipton's Brisk iced tea, the rapper is a claymation figure.[161] In the second, a two-minute ad – the longest in Super Bowl history at the time – for the 200, Eminem drives through Detroit (with "Lose Yourself" as the soundtrack) to his show at the Fox Theatre.[162][163]

He established the Marshall Mathers Foundation to aid disadvantaged youth. The foundation works in conjunction with a charity founded by Norman Yatooma, a Detroit attorney.[164]

Artistry

Influences and rapping technique

Eminem has cited several MCs as influencing his rapping style, including Esham,[165] Kool G Rap,[166] Masta Ace, Big Daddy Kane,[166] Newcleus, Ice-T, Mantronix, Melle Mel (on "The Message"), LL Cool J, Beastie Boys, Run–D.M.C., Rakim and Boogie Down Productions.[167] In How to Rap, Guerilla Black notes that Eminem studied other MCs to hone his rapping technique: "Eminem listened to everything and that's what made him one of the greats".[168] In the book, other MCs also praise aspects of his rapping technique; varied, humorous subject matter,[169] connecting with his audience,[170] carrying a concept over a series of albums,[171] complex rhyme schemes,[172] bending words so they rhyme,[173] multisyllabic rhymes,[166] many rhymes to a bar,[174] complex rhythms,[175] clear enunciation[176] and the use of melody[177] and syncopation.[178] Eminem is known to write most of his lyrics on paper (documented in The Way I Am), taking several days or a week to craft lyrics,[179] being a "workaholic"[180] and "stacking" vocals.[181]

Alter egos

The rapper uses alter egos in his songs for different rapping styles and subject matter. Eminem's best-known alter ego, Slim Shady, first appeared on the Slim Shady EP. In this persona his songs are violent and dark, with a comic twist.[182] Eminem downplayed Slim Shady on Recovery because he felt it did not fit the album's theme.[183] Another character is Ken Kaniff, a homosexual who pokes fun at Eminem's songs. Ken was created and originally played by fellow Detroit rapper Aristotle on the Slim Shady LP, where Kaniff makes a prank call to Eminem. An argument after the album's release prompted Eminem to use the Kaniff character on Marshall Mathers and later albums (except Encore and Recovery). Aristotle, angry with Eminem's use of his character, created a mixtape in his Kaniff persona ridiculing the rapper.

Collaborations and productions

Although Eminem usually collaborates with Aftermath Entertainment and Shady Records rappers such as Dr. Dre, 50 Cent, D12, Obie Trice and Yelawolf, he has also worked with Redman, Kid Rock, DMX, Lil Wayne, Missy Elliott, Jay Z, Drake, Rihanna, Nicki Minaj, Xzibit, Method Man, Jadakiss, Fat Joe, Sticky Fingaz, T.I. and Young Jeezy. Eminem rapped a verse in a live performance of Busta Rhymes' "Touch It" remix at the June 27, 2006 BET Music Awards. He appeared on Akon's single "Smack That" from Konvicted, Lil Wayne's hit "Drop the World", and "My Life" (the lead single from 50 Cent's Street King Immortal).

Eminem was the executive producer of D12's first two albums (Devil's Night and D12 World), Obie Trice's Cheers and Second Round's on Me and 50 Cent's Get Rich or Die Tryin' and The Massacre.[184] He has produced songs for other rappers, such as Jadakiss' "Welcome To D-Block", Jay-Z's "Renegade" and "Moment of Clarity", Lloyd Banks' "On Fire", "Warrior Part 2" and "Hands Up", Tony Yayo's "Drama Setter", Trick-Trick's "Welcome 2 Detroit", and Xzibit's "My Name" and "Don't Approach Me".[185] Most of The Eminem Show was produced by Eminem and his longtime collaborator, Jeff Bass,[186] and the rapper co-produced Encore with Dr. Dre. In 2004 Eminem was co-executive producer of 2Pac's posthumous album Loyal to the Game with Shakur's mother, Afeni.[187] He produced the UK number-one single "Ghetto Gospel", featuring Elton John,[188] "The Cross" from the Nas album God's Son[189] and eight tracks on Obie Trice's 2006 Second Round's on Me (also appearing on "There They Go").[190] The rapper produced several tracks on Trick-Trick's The Villain (appearing on "Who Want It"),[191] and produced four tracks on Cashis' 2013 album The County Hound 2.

Eminem is considered unusual in structuring his songs around the lyrics, rather than writing to beats.[192] One exception was "Stan", which came from an idea and scratch track produced by the 45 King.[192] After doing little production on Relapse and Recovery, Eminem produced a significant portion of The Marshall Mathers LP 2. He said about producing his own music, "Sometimes, I may get something in my head, like an idea or the mood of something that I would want, and I'm not always gonna get that by going through different tracks that other people have made. They don't know what's in my head. I think maybe it helps, a little bit, with diversity, the sound of it, but also, I would get something in my head and want to be able to lay down that idea from scratch."[193]

Comparisons with other artists

As a lyricist and a white performer prominent in a genre influenced by black artists, Eminem has been compared to Bob Dylan.[194] Rapper Asher Roth has been compared to Eminem, and Roth devoted a song on his album ("As I Em") to him.[195]

Eminem and Christian hip hop artist KJ-52 have been compared to each other, with KJ-52 called his "Christian counterpart".[196] KJ-52's single, "Dear Slim", was controversial with Eminem fans when it appeared on Total Request Live. Although he said the song was not intended to be disrespectful,[197] KJ-52 received hate mail and the song was number 26 on VH1's Top 40 Worst Moments in Hip Hop list.[198]

Personal life

Family

Eminem has been scrutinized, as a rapper and personally.[35] The rapper was married twice to Kimberly Anne (Kim) Scott. He met Kim in high school; he was 15 and she was 13 when he stood on a table with his shirt off rapping LL Cool J's "I'm Bad."[199] Kim and her twin sister, Dawn, had run away from home; they moved in with Eminem and his mother when he was 15, and he began an on-and-off relationship with Kim in 1989. Their daughter, Hailie, was born on December 25, 1995; they married in 1999, divorcing in 2001. Although Eminem told Rolling Stone in 2002, "I would rather have a baby through my penis than get married again", he and Kim briefly remarried in January 2006. He filed for divorce in early April,[200] agreeing to joint custody of Hailie.[201] In early 2010, Eminem denied tabloid reports that he and Kim had reconciled.[202] He had legal custody of his younger half-brother, Nate Kane, during Nate's adolescence and he is mentioned in "Headlights".[203] The song, on The Marshall Mathers LP 2,[204] is an apology to his mother.[205] In 2009, Eminem said about his religious views: "I definitely pray a lot more than I used to. I don't feel like I'm crazy wacky religious. But I do believe in God, and I do pray."[206]

Legal problems

In 1999 Eminem's mother sued him for about $10 million for slandering her on The Slim Shady LP, receiving about $1,600 in damages in 2001.[207] Eminem was arrested on June 3, 2000 during an altercation with Douglas Dail at a car-audio store in Royal Oak, Michigan, when he pulled out an unloaded gun and pointed it at the ground. The next day, in Warren, Michigan, he was arrested for assaulting bouncer John Guerrera in the parking lot of the Hot Rock Café when he saw Guerrera kiss his wife.[208][209] Eminem recreated the Guerrera assault in "The Kiss (Skit)" on The Eminem Show. The rapper, charged with possession of a concealed weapon and assault, pled guilty and received two years' probation; Guerrera's assault charge was dropped as part of the plea agreement.[210] On July 7, 2000 Kim attempted suicide, slashing her wrists,[211] and later sued Eminem for defamation after he described her violent death in "Kim".[209]

On October 26, 2000, the rapper was scheduled to perform at Toronto's Skydome when Ontario Attorney General Jim Flaherty said that Eminem should not be allowed to enter the country. "I personally don't want anyone coming to Canada who will come here and advocate violence against women," he said. Flaherty said he was "disgusted" when he read the lyrics of "Kill You", which includes the lines "Slut, you think I won't choke no whore / Till the vocal cords don't work in her throat no more?" Although public reaction to Flaherty's position was generally negative, with barring Eminem from the country considered a free-speech issue, Liberal MPP Michael Bryant suggested that hate crime charges be brought against the rapper for advocating violence against women in his lyrics.[212] Robert Everett-Green wrote in a Globe and Mail editorial, "Being offensive is Eminem's job description",[213] and the rapper's Toronto concert went on as planned.[214]

Sanitation worker D'Angelo Bailey sued Eminem in 2001, accusing him of invading his privacy by publicizing information placing him in a false light in "Brain Damage". Although Bailey admitted picking on Eminem in school, he said he merely "bumped" him and gave him a "little shove". The lawsuit was dismissed on October 20, 2003.[22] On June 28, 2001 Eminem was sentenced to one year's probation and community service and fined about $2,000 on weapons charges stemming from an argument with an employee of Psychopathic Records.[215]

On March 31, 2002, French jazz pianist Jacques Loussier filed a $10 million lawsuit against Eminem and Dr. Dre, claiming that the beat for "Kill You" was from his instrumental "Pulsion".[216] Loussier demanded that sales of The Marshall Mathers LP be halted, and any remaining copies destroyed. A trial date was set for June 2004, and the case was later settled.[217]

On December 8, 2003 the United States Secret Service reported that it was "looking into" allegations that Eminem threatened President George W. Bush[218] in "We As Americans" (an unreleased bootleg at the time), with the lyrics: "Fuck money, I don't rap for dead presidents. I'd rather see the president dead, it's never been said but I set precedents." The incident was included in the video for "Mosh", as a newspaper clipping on a wall with articles about unfortunate incidents in Bush's career. "We As Americans" eventually appeared on Encore‍ '​s deluxe-edition bonus disc, with altered lyrics.

In 2007 Eminem's music-publishing company (Eight Mile Style) and Martin Affiliated sued Apple Inc. and Aftermath Entertainment, claiming that Aftermath was not authorized to negotiate a deal with Apple for digital downloads of 93 Eminem songs on Apple's iTunes.[219][220] The case against Apple was settled shortly after the trial began, in late September 2009.[221]

In July 2010, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit ruled in F.B.T. Productions, LLC v. Aftermath Records that F.B.T. Productions and Eminem were owed a royalty of 50 percent of Aftermath's net revenue from licensing his recordings to companies such as Apple, Sprint Corporation, Nextel Communications, Cingular and T-Mobile. In March 2011, the Supreme Court of the United States declined to hear the case.[222]

Drug problems

Eminem has spoken about his addiction to prescription drugs, including Vicodin, Ambien and Valium.[223] According to friend and fellow D12 member Proof, Eminem first "sobered up" in 2002.[224] During the production of 8 Mile the rapper, working 16 hours a day, developed insomnia. An associate gave him an Ambien tablet which "knocked [him] out", encouraging him to obtain a prescription. This was Eminem's first experience of drug addiction, which would affect him for several years. Near the end of production on Encore, he would "just go into the studio and goof off [with] a pocketful of pills". Eminem began taking the drugs to "feel normal", taking a "ridiculous amount [...] I could consume anywhere from 40 to 60 Valium [in a day]. Vicodin, maybe 30". The drugs would put him to sleep for no more than two hours, after which he would take more. The rapper's weight increased to 230 pounds (100 kg), and he was regularly eating fast food: "The kids behind the counter knew me – it wouldn't even faze them. Or I'd sit up at Denny's or Big Boy and just eat by myself. It was sad". Eminem became less recognizable due to his weight gain, and once overheard two teenagers arguing about whether or not it was he: "Eminem ain't fat."[20]

His struggle with drugs climaxed with a December 2007 methadone overdose. Eminem had first bought methadone from a dealer who had told him it was "just like Vicodin, and easier on [your] liver". The rapper continued to buy more, until he collapsed in his bathroom one night and was rushed to the hospital. Doctors there told him he had ingested the equivalent of four bags of heroin and was "about two hours from dying". After missing Christmas with his children, Eminem checked himself out of the facility weak and not fully detoxed. When he tore his meniscus "after falling asleep for literally 10 minutes," he had surgery; after he came home he had a seizure and relapsed within three weeks. Eminem began to attend church meetings to get clean, but after he was asked for autographs he sought help from a rehabilitation counselor. He began an exercise program which emphasized running, and became sober on April 20, 2008. Elton John was a mentor during this period, calling Eminem once a week to check on him.[20]

Proof's death

On April 11, 2006 Eminem's best friend, Deshaun (Proof) Holton, was fatally shot in the head and chest by club bouncer Mario Etheridge at the CCC Club on 8 Mile Road in Detroit after Proof shot Keith Bender, Jr. (Etheridge's cousin) to death.[225] Proof was brought by car to St. John Health's Conner Creek Campus (an outpatient emergency-treatment facility), where he was pronounced dead on arrival. On April 19, Eminem, D12, 50 Cent and thousands of others attended Proof's funeral at the Fellowship Chapel in Detroit.[226] Eminem and former Shady Records artist Obie Trice (a fellow Detroit native) eulogized the rapper.[227] He recorded two songs about Proof's death on Recovery ("Going Through Changes" and "You're Never Over"), and mentions Proof in "Deja Vu", "Beautiful" and "Cinderella Man". In 2010 "Difficult", a tribute to Proof, was leaked online.[228]

Alleged homophobia

Some of Eminem's lyrics have been considered homophobic, and an Australian politician attempted to ban him from the country.[229] Eminem denies the charge, saying that when he was growing up words such as "faggot" and "queer" were used generally in a derogatory manner and not specifically toward homosexuals. During a 60 Minutes interview, journalist Anderson Cooper explored the issue:[230]

Cooper: Some of the lyrics, like, you know, in the song "Criminal" you say "My words are like a dagger with a jagged edge, That'll stab you in the head, whether you're a fag or lez, Or the homosex, hermaph or a trans-a-vest, Pants or dress—hate fags? The answer's 'yes'".
Eminem: Yeah, this scene I came up in. That word was thrown around so much, you know, "faggot" was like thrown around constantly to each other, like in battling.
Cooper: Do you not like gay people?
Eminem: No, I don't have any problem with nobody. You know what I mean? I'm just like whatever.

The rapper is a friend of Elton John.[231] When asked his opinion in a New York Times interview of the legalization of same-sex marriage in Michigan, Eminem replied: "I think if two people love each other, then what the hell? I think that everyone should have the chance to be equally miserable, if they want",[232] adding that his "overall look on things is a lot more mature than it used to be".[233]

Legacy

Large graffiti picture of a serious-looking Eminem
Eminem graffiti in Shanghai

Eminem is considered one of the greatest hip-hop artists of all time. He was 83rd on Rolling Stone‍ '​s 100 Greatest Artists of All Time[234][235] and 79th on the VH1 100 Greatest Artists of All Time lists.[236] In 2010, MTV Portugal ranked Eminem the seventh-biggest icon in pop-music history.[237]

He is the bestselling artist from 2000 to 2010 on the US Nielsen SoundScan;[238] with estimated worldwide record sales of over 155 million, Eminem is one of the best-selling musical artists in the world.[5] The rapper has over three billion views of his music videos on his YouTube Vevo page.[239] In 2010 Eminem's music generated 94 million streams (more than any other musical artist),[240] and in May 2014 Spotify called him the most-streamed artist of all time.[241] According to Billboard, two of Eminem's albums are among the top-five bestselling albums from 2000 to 2010. "Love the Way You Lie" (11× platinum) and "Not Afraid" (10× platinum) are certified diamond by the RIAA, making him the first artist with two digital diamond-certified songs in the US.[242] In the UK Eminem has sold over 12.5 million records,[243] and more than 33 million track downloads and 45,160,000 albums in the US.[244][245] Eminem has had ten number-one albums on the Billboard 200: seven solo (five original albums and two compilations), two with D12 and one with Bad Meets Evil.[246] The Eminem Show, The Marshall Mathers LP, and Encore were ranked the third-, seventh- and fortieth-bestselling albums of the 2000–2009 decade, respectively, by the magazine.[247][248] The rapper has had 13 number-one singles worldwide.

In August 2011 Eminem was called the King of Hip-Hop by Rolling Stone, which analyzed album sales, R&B, hip-hop and rap chart positions, YouTube views, social media, concert grosses, industry awards and critical ratings of solo rappers who released music from 2009 to the first half of 2011.[4] His second major-label album, The Marshall Mathers LP, was the fastest-selling solo album in US history[34] and was ranked one of the greatest hip-hop albums of all time by Rolling Stone, Time and XXL.[249] Rolling Stone ranked it the seventh-best album of the first decade of the 21st century.[250] The album's third single ("Stan") is one of Eminem's most critically acclaimed songs, with Pitchfork Media calling it "a cultural milestone".[251]

A number of hip-hop and pop artists have cited Eminem as an influence, including 50 Cent,[252] Usher,[253]Kendrick Lamar,[254] Ed Sheeran,[255][256] Lana Del Rey,[257] Big Sean,[258] J. Cole,[259] Skylar Grey,[260] Bubba Sparxxx,[261] Asher Roth,[262] Machine Gun Kelly,[263] Yelawolf,[264] Hopsin,[265] Tyler, The Creator,[266] Hollywood Undead,[267] Chris Webby,[268] Chance the Rapper[269] Stalley.[270] and Denace. Rap pioneers David Banner,[271] Talib Kweli,[272] Kool G. Rap,[273] Redman[274] and Jay Z have called Eminem one of the greatest rappers of all time.[275]

Awards and nominations

The rapper has received fifteen Grammy Awards, has been praised for his "verbal energy" and lyrical quality and was ranked ninth on MTV's Greatest MCs of All Time list.[276][277] In 2003, he was thirteenth on MTV's 22 Greatest Voices in Music list[278] and 82nd on Rolling Stone‍ '​s Immortals list.[3] In 2008 Vibe Magazine readers named Eminem the Best Rapper Alive,[279][280] and he was named Best Rapper Ever in a poll on the magazine's website.

"The Real Slim Shady" (from his second Grammy-winning album, The Marshall Mathers LP) criticizes the awards in its second verse, with Eminem believing at the time that negative opinion of his material would prevent him from ever winning one. The rapper received the Global Icon Award at the 2013 MTV Europe Music Awards in Amsterdam.[281]

Tours

As a headliner
Other tours

Discography

See also: D12 discography

Filmography

Year Title Role Notes
2000 Da Hip Hop Witch Himself
2000 Up in Smoke Tour Himself Concert film
2000 The Slim Shady Show Various (voice)
2001 The Wash Chris Uncredited
2002 8 Mile Jimmy "B-Rabbit" Smith, Jr.
2003 50 Cent: The New Breed Himself Documentary
2004 Crank Yankers Billy Fletcher Season 2, Episode 21
2005 50 Cent: Bulletproof Detective McVicar Videogame, voice and likeness[282]
2009 Funny People Himself Cameo[283]
2010 Entourage Himself Season 7, Episode 10: "Lose Yourself"
2012 Something from Nothing: The Art of Rap Himself Documentary
2012 How to Make Money Selling Drugs Himself[284] Documentary
2013 Detroit Rubber Himself Web Series, Episode 1, also Executive Producer [285]
2014 The Interview[159] Himself Cameo

Books

Title Year Pages
Angry Blonde 2000 148
Whatever You Say I Am: The Life and Times of Eminem 2003 278
The Way I Am 2008 208

Business ventures

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f Ankeny, Jason; Torreano, Bradley (2006). "Eminem – Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved January 30, 2008. 
  2. ^ "Eminem Is The Best-Selling Artist Of The Decade". MTV. December 8, 2009. Retrieved August 15, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "The Immortals: Rolling Stone". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on October 16, 2008. Retrieved October 20, 2008. 
  4. ^ a b Chris Molanphy (August 15, 2011). "Introducing the King of Hip-Hop". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 20, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Jesaro, May (September 11, 2014). "Eminem's 'Rap God' Breaks Guinness World Record; Has 'Most Words in a Hit Record' With Roughly 4 Words Per Second". The Standard. Retrieved September 25, 2014. 
  6. ^ Grein, Paul (June 11, 2014). "Chart Watch: 50 Cent’s Sales Slide". Yahoo!. 
  7. ^ "Eminem becomes first double Diamond Digital winner". June 11, 2014. 
  8. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 137. ISBN 1-904994-10-5. 
  9. ^ United States Public Record Number 1222170896
  10. ^ United States Public Records Number 292343335
  11. ^ a b c Nelson, Debbie (2008). My Son Marshall, My Son Eminem. Beverly Hills, CA: Phoenix Books. ISBN 1-59777-596-7. 
  12. ^ "Ancestry of Eminem". Wargs. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h Elrick, M.L. (July 25, 2000). "Eminem's dirty secrets". Salon. Retrieved March 9, 2013. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Bozza, Anthony (April 29, 1999). "Eminem Blows Up". Rolling Stone (New York City: Wenner Media LLC) (811). ISSN 0035-791X. Retrieved March 9, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Eminem's Long-Lost Sister Shocked By Relation". Contactmusic.com. Retrieved February 17, 2005. 
  16. ^ "Eminem's mom gives her side of the story". Today.msnbc.msn.com. November 6, 2008. Retrieved May 24, 2010. 
  17. ^ Happy days. Spin. August 2010. Retrieved July 31, 2011. 
  18. ^ Hilburn, Robert (May 14, 2000). "Has He No Shame?". The Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved March 11, 2012. 
  19. ^ a b "Eminem". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved April 23, 2008. 
  20. ^ a b c d e Eells, Josh (November 25, 2010). "Eminem on the Road Back From Hell". Rolling Stone (New York City: Wenner Media LLC) (1118). ISSN 0035-791X. Retrieved March 9, 2013. 
  21. ^ Bozza 2003, p. 119
  22. ^ a b c "Eminem's Biography". Fox News. Retrieved April 23, 2008. 
  23. ^ CBSNewsOnline (October 10, 2010). "Eminem's Road to Stardom". Excerpt from 60 Minutes. YouTube.
  24. ^ Bozza 2003, p. 15
  25. ^ Bozza 2003, p. 16
  26. ^ Bozza 2003, p. 14
  27. ^ a b Bozza 2003, p. 81
  28. ^ Bozza, 2003. p. 24
  29. ^ Stubbs, 2006. p. 58
  30. ^ a b "Timeline". Rock on the Net. Retrieved April 23, 2008. 
  31. ^ Drumming, Neil (February 14, 2001). "Smut Peddlers: Split-Level Raunch". Washington Post. Retrieved September 9, 2008. 
  32. ^ Dearborn, Matt; Duke (December 1, 2005). "Interview: His name is not Slim Shady". University Wire. Retrieved September 9, 2008. 
  33. ^ "Eminem and his ex-wife remarry". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved April 23, 2008. 
  34. ^ a b "Eminem Bounces Britney From Top Spot". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 1, 2008. Retrieved April 23, 2008. 
  35. ^ a b "Eminem's criminal record", BBC News, April 11, 2001. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  36. ^ Bozza 2003, p. 60
  37. ^ "Some Marilyn Manson Scraps From the Road". NY Rock. Retrieved April 23, 2008. 
  38. ^ "150 Greatest Rock Lists Ever". Rock List Music. Retrieved April 23, 2008. 
  39. ^ "25 years of Hip-hop". Top 40 Charts. Retrieved April 23, 2008. 
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Further reading

External links

Awards
Preceded by
"If I Didn't Have You" from Monsters, Inc. by Randy Newman
Academy Award for Best Original Song
2002
Succeeded by
"Into the West" from Return of the King by Fran Walsh, Howard Shore and Annie Lennox
Preceded by
Mariah Carey
Billboard Artist of the Decade
2009
Succeeded by