Shades of magenta

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
MagentaHow to read this color infobox
MagentaIcon.png
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FF00FF
sRGBB  (rgb) (255, 0, 255)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (3, 100, 0, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (300°, 100%, 100%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

This article is about notable tints and shades of the color magenta. These various colors are shown below.

Definition of magenta[edit]

Magenta is a color made up of equal parts of red and blue light. This would be the precise definition of the color as defined for computer display (the color #FF00FF shown in the color swatch above). It is a pure chroma on the RGB color wheel (Image of RGB color wheel:) midway between violet and rose. In HSV color space, magenta has a hue of 300°.

Magenta is not a spectral but an extraspectral color: it cannot be generated by light of a single wavelength. Humans, being trichromats, can only see as far as 380 nanometers into the spectrum, i.e., as far as violet.

The hue magenta is the complement of green: magenta pigments absorb green light, thus magenta and green are opposite colors.

The three major historical variations of magenta[edit]

Magenta dye (original variation) (1860)[edit]

Magenta dyeHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #CA1F7B
sRGBB  (rgb) (202, 31, 123)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 90, 31, 21)
HSV       (h, s, v) (326°, 90%, 79[1]%)
Source Internet
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Before printer's magenta was invented in the 1890s for CMYK printing, and electric magenta was invented in the 1980s for computer displays, these two artificially engineered colors were preceded by the color displayed at right, which is the color originally called magenta made from coal tar dyes in the year 1859.[2] Besides being called original magenta, magenta dye color is also called rich magenta to distinguish it from the colors printer's magenta and electric magenta, shown below.

Magenta was one of the first aniline dyes, discovered shortly after the Battle of Magenta (1859), which occurred near the town of Magenta in northern Italy. The color was originally called fuchsine or roseine, but for marketing purposes in 1860 the color name was changed to magenta after the battle. Hence, the color is named indirectly after the town.


Process magenta (pigment magenta) (printer's magenta) (1890s)[edit]

Magenta (subtractive primary)How to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FF0090
sRGBB  (rgb) (255, 0, 144)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 100, 44, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (326°, 100%, 100[3]%)
Source [1] CMYK
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Cyan, magenta, and yellow are the three subtractive primary colors used in printing.

In color printing, the color called process magenta or pigment magenta is one of the three primary pigment colors which, along with yellow and cyan, constitute the three subtractive primary colors of pigment. (The secondary colors of pigment are blue, green, and red.) As such, the CMYK printing process was invented in the 1890s, when newspapers began to publish color comic strips.

Process magenta is not an RGB color, and there is no fixed conversion from CMYK primaries to RGB. Different formulations are used for printer's ink, so there can be variations in the printed color that is pure magenta ink. A typical formulation of process magenta is shown in the color box at right. The source of the color shown at right is the color magenta that is shown in the diagram located at the bottom of the following website offering tintbooks for CMYK printing: [2].


Web colors magenta and fuchsia (1990s)[edit]

Magenta (additive secondary)How to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FF00FF
sRGBB  (rgb) (255, 0, 255)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (3, 100, 0, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (300°, 100%, 100[4]%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Red, green and blue lights, representing the three basic additive primary colors of the RGB color system, red, green, and blue. Magenta light is composed of equal amounts of red and blue light.

Magenta, shown at the right, is one of the three secondary colors in the RGB color model, used to make all the colors on computer and television displays. It is made by a mixture of red and blue light at equal intensity. It is called magenta on X11 list of color names, and fuchsia on the HTML color list. The web colors magenta and fuchsia are exactly the same color. Sometimes the web color magenta is called electric magenta or electronic magenta.


Additional variations of magenta[edit]

Amaranth[edit]

Amaranth (color) is a reddish-rose color that is a representation of the color of the flower of the amaranth plant.

Amaranth purpleHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #AB274F
sRGBB  (rgb) (171, 39, 79)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 77, 54, 33)
HSV       (h, s, v) (342°, 77%, 67%)
Source Maerz and Paul[5]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color amaranth purple is displayed at right.

Magenta (Crayola)[edit]

Magenta (Crayola)How to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #F653A6
sRGBB  (rgb) (246, 83, 166)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 66, 33, 4)
HSV       (h, s, v) (329°, 66%, 97[6]%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed a Crayola color formulated in 1949; it was originally called brilliant rose but the name was changed in 1958 to magenta.

Since this color has a hue code of 329, signifying a tone of rose, the original color name brilliant rose was more accurate.

Ultra pink[edit]

Shocking Pink (Crayola)How to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FF6FFF
sRGBB  (rgb) (255, 111, 255)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (3, 100, 1, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (300°, 48%, 83%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the Crayola color shocking pink.

This is a Crayola crayon color formulated in 1972 and called ultra pink. In 1990 the name was changed to shocking pink.

Hot magenta[edit]

Hot MagentaHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FF1DCE
sRGBB  (rgb) (255, 29, 206)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 89, 19, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (313°, 89%, 100[7]%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color hot magenta.

This color was formulated by Crayola in 1972.


Purple pizzazz[edit]

Purple PizzazzHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FE4EDA
sRGBB  (rgb) (254, 78, 218)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 69, 14, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (312°, 69%, 100[8]%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color purple pizzazz.

This color was formulated by Crayola in 1990.

Shocking pink[edit]

Shocking PinkHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FC0FC0
sRGBB  (rgb) (252, 15, 192)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 94, 24, 1)
HSV       (h, s, v) (315°, 94%, 99%)
Source Internet
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Shocking pink (the original 1937 shocking pink) takes its name from the tone of pink used in the lettering on the box of the perfume called Shocking,[9] designed by Leonor Fini for the Surrealist fashion designer Elsa Schiaparelli in 1937.

Orchid[edit]

OrchidHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #DA70D6
sRGBB  (rgb) (218, 112, 214)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 49, 2, 15)
HSV       (h, s, v) (302°, 49%, 86[10]%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color orchid, since it has a hue code of 302, may be classified as a rich tone of magenta. Orchid is a representation of the color of the orchidaceae flower.

The first recorded use of orchid as a color name in English was in 1915.[11]

In 1987, orchid was included as one of the X11 colors. After the invention of the world wide web in 1991, these became known as the X11 web colors.

Magenta (Pantone)[edit]

Magenta (Pantone)How to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #D0417E
sRGBB  (rgb) (208, 65, 126)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 69, 39, 18)
HSV       (h, s, v) (334°, 69%, 82[12]%)
Source Pantone TPX[13]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color magenta (Pantone), i.e., the color that is called magenta in the Pantone color system.

The source of this color is the "Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX)" color list, color #17-2036 TPX—Magenta.[14]


Telemagenta[edit]

TelemagentaHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #CF3476
sRGBB  (rgb) (207, 52, 118)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 75, 43, 19)
HSV       (h, s, v) (334°, 75%, 81[15]%)
Source RAL
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color telemagenta.

This is one of the colors in the RAL color matching system, a color system widely used in Europe. The RAL color list first originated in 1927, and it reached its present form in 1961.

Sky magenta[edit]

Sky MagentaHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #CF71AF
sRGBB  (rgb) (207, 113, 175)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 45, 16, 19)
HSV       (h, s, v) (320°, 46%, 81[16]%)
Source Venus C.P.[17]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color sky magenta. The color sky magenta is a representation of the color of the sky near the sun during the brief period during twilight when the pink of sunset transitions into the blue of early evening. This color was one of the colors in the set of Venus Paradise colored pencils, a popular brand of colored pencils in the 1950s.

This color is also called medium lavender pink.

A photograph of the sky displaying the color sky magenta in its natural context by photographer Dave Horne [3] is displayed here: [4]

Steel pink[edit]

Steel PinkHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #CC33CC
sRGBB  (rgb) (204, 51, 204)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 75, 0, 20)
HSV       (h, s, v) (300°, 75%, 80[18]%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color steel pink is displayed at right.

The color steel pink was introduced by Crayola in January 2011, when the Ultra Hot and Super Cool set of Crayola colored pencils was fully introduced.

"Steel pink" is a deep tone of magenta.


Magenta haze[edit]

Magenta HazeHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #9F4576
sRGBB  (rgb) (159, 69, 118)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 57, 26, 38)
HSV       (h, s, v) (327°, 57%, 62[19]%)
Source Pantone TPX[20]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color magenta haze.

The source of this color is the "Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX)" color list, color #18-2525 TPX—Magenta Haze.[21]


Quinacridone magenta[edit]

Quinacridone MagentaHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #8E3A59
sRGBB  (rgb) (142, 59, 89)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 59, 37, 44)
HSV       (h, s, v) (338°, 59%, 56[22]%)
Source Liquitex[23]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color quinacridone magenta.

Quinacridone magenta is a color made from quinacridone dye. It is sold in tubes at art supply stores. By mixing various amounts of white with it, artists may create a wide range of light, bright, brilliant, vivid, rich, or deep tones of magenta.


Plum[edit]

PlumHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #8E4585
sRGBB  (rgb) (142, 69, 133)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 51, 6, 44)
HSV       (h, s, v) (307°, 51%, 56[24]%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color plum, since it has a hue code of 307, may be regarded as a dark tone of magenta. The color plum is a close representation of the average color of the plum fruit.

The first recorded use of plum as a color name in English was in 1805.[25]

Dark magenta[edit]

Dark MagentaHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #8B008B
sRGBB  (rgb) (139, 0, 139)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 100, 0, 46)
HSV       (h, s, v) (300°, 100%, 55[26]%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the web color dark magenta.

Wrapping the spectrum into a color wheel[edit]

If the visible spectrum is wrapped to form a color wheel, magenta (additive secondary) appears midway between red and violet:

Linear visible spectrum.svg
Visible spectrum wrapped to join violet and red in an additive mixture of magenta


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ web.forrett.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #CA1F7B (Magenta dye) :
  2. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 126 Plate 52 Color Sample K12--Magenta (Color shown is color shown above as rich magenta)
  3. ^ web.forrett.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #FF0090 (Process Magenta) :
  4. ^ web.forrett.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #FF00FF (Electric Magenta) :
  5. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called amaranth purple in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color amaranth purple is displayed on page 129, Plate 53, Color Sample L3.
  6. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #F653A6 (Brilliant Rose/Magenta (Crayola)):
  7. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #FF1DCE (Hot Magenta):
  8. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #FE4EDA (Purple Pizzaz):
  9. ^ Woods, Vicki (2003), "Chic value", The Daily Telegraph (London, published 2003-10-24), retrieved 2008-04-26 
  10. ^ web.Forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to color #DA70D6 (Orchid):
  11. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 200; Color Sample of Orchid: Page 105 Plate 41 Color Sample F5
  12. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #D0417E (Magenta (Pantone)):
  13. ^ Type the word "Magenta" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear.
  14. ^ Pantone TPX Pantone Color Finder--Type the word "Magenta" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear:
  15. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #CF3476 (Telemagenta):
  16. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #CF71AF (Sky Magenta):
  17. ^ The color in the color box above matches the color called sky magenta in Venus Paradise colored pencils, a popular brand of colored pencils sold during the 1950s.
  18. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #CC33CC (Steel pink):
  19. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #9F4576 (Magenta Haze):
  20. ^ Type the words "Magenta Haze" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear.
  21. ^ Pantone TPX Pantone Color Finder--Type the words "Magenta Haze" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear:
  22. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #8E3A59 (Quinacridone Magenta):
  23. ^ Click on the Liquitex Heavy Body window on the indicated web page and a PDF of the Liquitex Heavy Body color chart will appear. It will have the color Quinacridone Magenta on it (color #114), possessing the color coding indicated above.
  24. ^ web.forrett.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #8E4585 (Plum):
  25. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 202; Color Sample of Plum: Page 117 Plate 47 Color Sample J9 Note: The color designated plum (color #8E4585) that is displayed above matches the color identified as plum in the color sample in Maerz and Paul
  26. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #8B008B (Dark Magenta):

External links[edit]