Shadrinsk

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Shadrinsk (English)
Шадринск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Shadrinsk photo0004mini.jpg
Sverdlova Street is the main street of Shadrinsk
Map of Russia - Kurgan Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Kurgan Oblast in Russia
Shadrinsk is located in Kurgan Oblast
Shadrinsk
Shadrinsk
Location of Shadrinsk in Kurgan Oblast
Coordinates: 56°08′N 63°39′E / 56.133°N 63.650°E / 56.133; 63.650Coordinates: 56°08′N 63°39′E / 56.133°N 63.650°E / 56.133; 63.650
Coat of Arms of Shadrinsk (Kurgan oblast).png
Flag of Shadrinsk (Kurgan oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of December 2010)
Country Russia
Federal subject Kurgan Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Shadrinsk Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Shadrinsky District,[1] Shadrinsk Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2010)
Urban okrug Shadrinsk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Shadrinsk Urban Okrug,[2] Shadrinsky Municipal District[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 77,756 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 211th
Time zone YEKT (UTC+05:00)[4]
Founded 1662[citation needed]
Town status since 1781[citation needed]
Official website
Shadrinsk on WikiCommons

Shadrinsk (Russian: Ша́дринск) is a town in Kurgan Oblast, Russia, located on the left bank of the Iset River (Ob's basin) 146 kilometers (91 mi) northwest of Kurgan. Population: 77,756 (2010 Census);[3] 80,865 (2002 Census);[5] 86,713 (1989 Census).[6]

History[edit]

Shadrinsk Cathedral, photographed by Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky

Shadrinsk was founded in 1662 as an agricultural and trade settlement.[citation needed] Shadrinsk hosted the second largest fair in the Urals region. Town status was granted to it from 1712 to 1737 and in 1781.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Shadrinsk serves as the administrative center of Shadrinsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as Shadrinsk Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with a status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Shadrinsk Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Shadrinsk Urban Okrug.[2]

Climate[edit]

Shadrinsk has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb), with very cold winters and warm summers. The average temperature in January is −15 °C (5 °F), and the record low is −45.2 °C (−49.4 °F). The average temperature in July is 19.3 °C (66.7 °F), and the record high is 38.9 °C (102.0 °F). Precipitation is moderate, but is significantly higher in summer than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Shadrinsk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 7.5
(45.5)
9.0
(48.2)
20.0
(68)
30.6
(87.1)
36.1
(97)
37.8
(100)
38.9
(102)
38.3
(100.9)
33.0
(91.4)
23.1
(73.6)
12.1
(53.8)
7.7
(45.9)
38.9
(102)
Average high °C (°F) −11.7
(10.9)
−9.6
(14.7)
−1.5
(29.3)
9.7
(49.5)
18.1
(64.6)
23.2
(73.8)
24.7
(76.5)
21.7
(71.1)
15.9
(60.6)
7.0
(44.6)
−3.4
(25.9)
−9.1
(15.6)
7.08
(44.76)
Daily mean °C (°F) −15.0
(5)
−13.8
(7.2)
−5.8
(21.6)
4.8
(40.6)
12.5
(54.5)
17.7
(63.9)
19.3
(66.7)
16.4
(61.5)
10.9
(51.6)
3.2
(37.8)
−6.3
(20.7)
−12.2
(10)
2.64
(36.76)
Average low °C (°F) −19.4
(−2.9)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−10.8
(12.6)
−0.5
(31.1)
5.8
(42.4)
11.4
(52.5)
13.6
(56.5)
10.9
(51.6)
5.8
(42.4)
−0.6
(30.9)
−10.0
(14)
−16.3
(2.7)
−2.4
(27.67)
Record low °C (°F) −45.0
(−49)
−41.0
(−41.8)
−36.1
(−33)
−22.2
(−8)
−10.0
(14)
−3.9
(25)
0.0
(32)
−0.2
(31.6)
−8.9
(16)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−37.8
(−36)
−45.2
(−49.4)
−45.2
(−49.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 28.5
(1.122)
19.9
(0.783)
13.8
(0.543)
30.0
(1.181)
53.2
(2.094)
72.5
(2.854)
77.7
(3.059)
56.7
(2.232)
47.5
(1.87)
27.7
(1.091)
29.3
(1.154)
27.0
(1.063)
483.8
(19.046)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 18.1 12.7 12.7 9.0 10.1 10.3 7.9 10.5 11.6 12.7 17.5 17.4 150.5
 % humidity 79.9 76.8 73.5 63.6 58.5 67.3 70.8 73.9 73.6 75.1 80.6 80.1 72.81
Mean monthly sunshine hours 77.5 112.0 176.7 228.0 266.6 294.0 319.3 238.7 174.0 102.3 87.0 58.9 2,135
Source: climatebase.ru[7]

Economy[edit]

There is a hydraulic systems plant (ShAAZ, Shadrinsky Avtoagregatny Zavod) in the town, which manufactures auto parts. The plant is controlled by the Ural Mining Metallurgical Company (UMMC). Another plant is Shadrinsk Milk Canning Plant. It produces dairy products and Shadrinskaya brand mineral water.

Military[edit]

The town is home to Shadrinsk air base which is a minor airlift facility.

Education[edit]

Educational facilities include Shadrinsk State Pedagogical Institute and Shadrinsk Industrial-Pedagogical Technical School.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #316
  2. ^ a b c d Law #419
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Sadrinsk, Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved 22 January 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Курганская областная Дума. Закон №316 от 27 декабря 2007 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Курганской области», в ред. Закона №97 от 3 декабря 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Законы Курганской области». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новый мир", Документы, выпуск №1, 11 января 2008 г. (Kurgan Oblast Duma. Law #316 of December 27, 2007 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kurgan Oblast, as amended by the Law #97 of December 3, 2013 On Amending Various Laws of Kurgan Oblast. Effective as of the day ten days after the official publication date.).
  • Курганская областная Дума. Закон №419 от 6 июля 2004 г. «О наделении муниципальных образований статусом городского округа, муниципального района, сельского поселения, городского поселения, о месте нахождения представительных органов муниципальных районов, сельских поселений, об установлении наименований представительных органов муниципальных образований, глав муниципальных образований, местных администраций (исполнительно-распорядительных органов муниципальных образований)», в ред. Закона №48 от 28 июня 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Законы Курганской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новый мир", №142, 31 июля 2004 г. (Kurgan Oblast Duma. Law #419 of July 6, 2004 On Granting the Municipal Formations the Status of Urban Okrug, Municipal District, Rural Settlement, Urban Settlement; on Establishing the Places Where the Representative Organs of the Municipal Districts, Rural Settlements Sit; on Establishing the Names of the Representative Organs of the Municipal Formations, of the Heads of the Municipal Formations, of the Local Administrations (the Executive Organs of the Municipal Formations), as amended by the Law #48 of June 28, 2013 On Amending Various Laws of Kurgan Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]