Shady Side Academy

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Shady Side Academy
Shady Side Academy logo.svg
Fide Semper Vincere
Faith Always Conquers
Location
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Information
Type Private, Day & boarding, College-prep
Religious affiliation(s) Non-sectarian
Established 1883
President Thomas M. Cangiano[1]
Dean Wendy Skinner
Faculty 121
Grades Pre-K – 12
Gender Coeducational
Enrollment 939 total
894 day
44 boarding[2] (2014)
Color(s)      Navy blue
     Old gold
Athletics conference PIAA, WPIAL, Midwest Prep Hockey League
Mascot Indian
Endowment $50 million[3]
Tuition $8,650-12,450 Pre-K
$15,500 K
$18,050 1st
$19,300 2nd-5th
$23,950 6th-8th
$28,300 9th-12th
$11,225 five-day boarding fee[4]
Affiliations NAIS
Website

Shady Side Academy is an independent preparatory school located in the Fox Chapel and Point Breeze neighborhoods of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Founded in 1883 as an all-male day school in the Shadyside neighborhood of the East End, the Academy now offers a secular coeducational PK–12 program on three campuses in the city and its suburbs, including weekday boarding in the Croft and Morewood Houses of its Senior School Campus.[5]

Formed to provide for the education of the sons of newly moneyed industrialists of Pittsburgh's East End,[6] the Academy counts the Frick and Mellon families among its early patrons.[7][8] In 1922 the Academy expanded to its sprawling Georgian Senior School campus in the then-countryside of Fox Chapel under the influence of the Country Day School movement.[9] The Academy merged with the Arnold School in 1940 to form its Junior School campus[10] and added its stone Tudor manor-style Middle School campus in 1958,[11] emerging in its current three-school system. The Academy admitted its first female students in 1973.[12] Though described in character as a bastion of "old-world conservative" traditions,[13] the school has in recent years affirmed its commitment to diversity and financial accessibility.[14][15][16]

Shady Side Academy enrolls approximately one thousand students annually and is a member of the National Association of Independent Schools and the Association of Boarding Schools. The school is a member of the Chewonki Foundation's Chewonki Semester School in Wiscasset, Maine and the High Mountain Institute's HMI Semester in Leadville, Colorado, and sends a significant number of students to both programs annually.[17] The Academy competes locally with the Ellis School, the Winchester Thurston School, and Central Catholic High School, as well as regionally with schools such as the Kiski School and Sewickley Academy, and its lower schools are compared to local primary schools St. Edmund's Academy and the Falk Laboratory School. The school's colors are navy blue and old gold, and the mascot of its athletic teams is the Indian.

Campuses[edit]

Shady Side Academy has three campuses in Pittsburgh with a total area of 192 acres, predominantly in heavily wooded Fox Chapel. Shady Side Academy operates twenty-six campus buildings with a total estimated facilities value of $56.2 million.[18]

History[edit]

The first Shady Side Academy building: a one-room red brick schoolhouse in the Shadyside neighborhood, 1883

Shady Side Academy was founded as an all-male day school in 1883, on Aiken Avenue in the East End neighborhood of Shadyside, Pittsburgh. In 1921, the Senior School was established on its current suburban campus in Fox Chapel. This move also resulted in Shady Side becoming a boarding school, first with a traditional seven-day program and, later, with the weekday program the school offers.

A later merger in the early 1940s with another local boys' private school, The Arnold School, resulted in the creation of another new campus: a Junior School, located in Pittsburgh's Point Breeze and serving kindergarten through fifth grade students.

In the 1950s, the Academy purchased an estate less than a mile from the Senior School campus, creating a middle school for grades six through eight.

In 1973, the Senior School embraced the concept of co-education and began admitting female students (popularly referred to, particularly in newspapers, as "The Shady Ladies") for the first time. The Junior and Middle Schools followed suit in the 1990s, with the first K-12 "Lifer" female students graduating in 2007. The last all male class at the Academy was the Middle School Form II (eighth grade) class of 1998, which upon entering the Senior School in 1999 became co-educated. It was also the last class at the Middle School to follow a tie and jacket dress code.

Opening in the fall of 2007, a pre-kindergarten was added to Shady Side, located on the Junior School campus. The total enrollment across all grades fluctuates but is generally slightly under 1000 students, with about 500 of them enrolled in the Senior School (grades 9-12 or "Forms" III-VI).

In recent years, the school has worked to implement "green", or environmentally friendly, changes to its campuses. The 2006 renovation of Rowe Hall, the main academic building, put into use a number of "green" concepts. The $6.8 million renovation of this primary Senior School facility emphasized environmentally friendly approaches, from glass that allows more light into classrooms (allowing the building to maintain lower electricity usage levels) to rainwater collected in an underground cistern, then used to flush toilets and urinals. In the fall of 2007, the Rowe Hall Complex earned Gold LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Certification, becoming the only high school in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to have done so.[19]

Academics[edit]

Rowe Hall, the LEED-certified main academic and administrative building of the Senior School campus

Academic life at Shady Side Academy operates on a trimester system, dividing the year into three thirteen to fourteen-week terms. Classes begin each year before Labor Day with Convocation in late August and finish with Commencement exercises in early June. Second Term begins in late November, and Third Term begins in early April.[20] At the Senior School, regular classes begin each day at 8:15 a.m. and end at 3:00 p.m., punctuated by a late-morning assembly period. All-school assemblies take place every Monday and Friday in the Hillman Center's Rauh Theater, and every Wednesday students meet with their advisory groups. The academic day is divided into six periods filled with at least five classes, a lunch period, and intermittent free periods. Athletic practices follow the school day from 3:45 p.m. to late afternoon. Class periods are determined by an eight-day rotating schedule.[21]

Each term students enroll in a minimum of five classes, both year-long courses and one-term electives, taught by seven academic departments—Arts, Computer Science, English, History, Mathematics, Science, and World Languages. Many departments, particularly the English and History Departments, make extensive use of the Harkness table, as the majority of rooms in Rowe have large, oval tables. This is a teaching style similar to the Socratic method. Students receive midterm grade reports during the year's first term and subsequently at the conclusion of each term, followed by a cumulative grade report at the end of the year. The grade for each class has three parts—a letter grade, an effort grade, and a paragraph of written remarks. The quality grade, assigned on the A+ (4.3333) to F (0.0) scale, is used to calculate the student's GPA. Effort grades for each class consist of a number from 5, indicating "exemplary effort," to 1, indicating "unacceptable effort." Effort grades of 2—"inconsistent effort"— or below result in a student's placement on Academic Warning and likely an interim report to the student's parents. The Academy uses the student's GPA and effort grades each term and at the end of the year to award academic Year and Term Honors, ranging from "Honors" (B+ average) to "Highest Honors" (A average), as well as other school and departmental prizes. Established in 1929, Shady Side Academy's chapter of the Cum Laude Society elects members from the top fifth of the graduating class based on academic performance in the junior year and in the first two terms of the senior year.[22]

Academic and Personal Counseling[edit]

The Senior School campus offers college, academic, and personal counseling through a variety of resources. Every upperform student is assigned a personal college counselor to navigate the college applications process. College counselors help students write applications and choose between offers of admission through regular meetings in the Kassling College Counseling Center in Rowe Hall. Every student graduating from Shady Side proceeds to study at a four-year college or university.[23] The Academy's advisory program also provides every student with a year-long academic advisor. Students are assigned a new advisor specific to their form for each academic year, and each advisor supervises an advisory group of approximately 5 to 6 students. Advisory groups meet as a homeroom once each week, usually to share a midday snack and read the week's announcements, and sit together at least twice a week in all-school assemblies. Each student also meets individually with their advisor during a free period to discuss their academic life and any academic difficulties they may be having. Advisors meet with their advisees' parents twice every year, and write reports summarizing their advisees' academic and personal progress—which form one part of each student's grade report—at the end of each term. An on-campus personal counselor is also available.

Academic and personal counseling is offered at the Middle School. Students are assigned an advisor and meet in homerooms regularly, as well as in weekly all-school assemblies. Each term a conference with the student, parent(s) and advisor is held to discuss the student's progress, achievements and challenges.

The Junior School provides personal counseling, as well as academic counseling in reading, math and overall learning support. All-school assemblies are held weekly. Each student has at least one opportunity per academic year to speak in front of the school at these assemblies starting in kindergarten. This provides early experience in public speaking and helps students, at a young age, to overcome fear associated with speaking on front of a large group of people in a supportive, non-judgmental environment. Fifth grade students, in preparation for the Middle School, serve as leaders in the school, giving tours to prospective families, assisting students getting on and off the bus in the morning and afternoon, and leading assemblies. These additional responsibilities help prepare them for the transition to the Middle School.

Financial aid[edit]

Shady Side has a financial aid program. In 2013, over $2.8 million in need-based financial aid was distributed to 159 students.[24]

Boarding program and residential life[edit]

Boarding at Shady Side Academy dates back to the school's relocation from the Shadyside neighborhood in the 1920s. The number of boarding students living on campus and the number of buildings serving as dormitories have fluctuated over the Academy's history. Four buildings on the Senior School campus—Bayard House (1924), Croft House (1931), Ellsworth House (1922) (now Hunt Hall), and Morewood House (1922)—all served as residence halls at one point in the school's history. The names of Bayard, Morewood, and Ellsworth Houses reference the names of three out of the four streets encircling the site of the Academy's original campus, now the site of the Winchester Thurston School. At one time nearly 200 students, both Senior and Middle School students, boarded full-time in a seven-day boarding program. In the 1960s the Academy transitioned to housing Senior School students in a five-day boarding program, one of six schools nationwide to offer such a program to its students. Because students spend weekends at home, boarders almost always came from the three-state area of eastern Ohio, western Pennsylvania, and northern West Virginia. In the fall of 2014, the Academy announced it would start offering a seven-day boarding option beginning in 2015, in addition to its current five-day boarding program. Shady Side's boarding program now hosts approximately fifty students every year in two residence halls—Croft House, the boys' dormitory, and Morewood House, the girls' dormitory. The Academy also houses residential faculty representing almost every academic department, both in apartments in the dormitories and in homes on the Senior and Middle School campuses.[25]

The main residential quadrangle on the Senior School campus. Pictured from left to right are Croft House, the Hillman Center for Performing Arts, Bayard House, the Benedum Visual Arts Center, McCune Dining Hall, Morewood House, Rowe Hall, and Hunt Hall

Extracurricular activities[edit]

Student-run clubs at Shady Side exist as collaborations between a group of students and a sponsoring faculty member. Numerous language clubs exist both in collaboration with language programs offered by the World Languages Department, such as the German, Spanish, and French clubs, and for languages not taught at Shady Side, such as the Italian Club. Nationality clubs, such as the Jewish Student Union and Black Student Union, celebrate various global cultures and often present performances during the Academy's annual GlobalFest week. There are also many established service and philanthropic clubs, such as Service Learning and Meals on Wheels. There are also religious clubs, activist clubs, academic competition teams, student government organizations, performance groups, departmental programs such as the peer-tutoring Scribe Office for writing, and publications.[26]

Academic[edit]

Shady Side participates in Model United Nations conferences, National Academic Quiz Tournaments and other quiz bowl competitions, the Western Pennsylvania Math League, Science Olympiad, North American Computational Linguistics Olympiad, National Science Bowl, and forensics competitions, principally in the National Forensics League. The Academy has sent also sent a team annually to the Pittsburgh Regional event of the FIRST Robotics Competition since 2008. In 2003, 2005, 2006, and 2007, Shady Side was the season champion of Pittsburgh-based game show Hometown High-Q. At the 2006 NAQT Nationals, the team finished 5th overall. Shady Side Academy's Speech and Debate team competes principally in the National Forensics League, but also regularly sends students to the National Catholic Forensics League and the Pennsylvania High School Speech League. The Shady Side Academy Speech and Debate team is coached by Mary Krauland, who has won multiple coaching awards, and Sherri Hallgren assists with speech competitors.

In 2004, Shady Side Middle School placed third in the nation at the National Science Olympiad Tournament at Juniata College, a tournament with over fifty schools from all around the nation. They did this after placing 1st at both the Regional and State Science Olympiad Tournament, which earned them a position in the National tournament. In 2005, the team also placed 1st in the Regional and State Science Olympiad Tournaments, which got them into the National Tournament again, this time held in the University of Illinois. The team placed ninth at the national tournament . In the 2007 State Tournament, Shady Side's team placed second, as runners up to Sewickley Academy, once again securing a place in the 2007 National Science Olympiad Tournament in Wichita, Kansas. Also, in 2009 the Middle School team placed second in the state tournament at Juniata College. They later went on to place 20th in the nation at Augusta State University in Georgia, in which 60 teams participated in. In 2011 the Middle School team returned to Nationals at Madison, Wisconsin, placing 18th in the nation. In 2012, the team placed 26th at the national competition held at the University of Central Florida in Orlando, Florida. In 2013, the Middle School team won the Pennsylvania State Tournament for the second year in a row, and they went on to place 11th, missing 10th place by just one point, at Nationals at Wright State University. They won for the third consecutive year in 2014, going on to place 14th at Nationals.

The Pittsburgh Japanese School (ピッツバーグ日本語補習授業校 Pittsubāgu Nihongo Hoshū Jugyō Kō), a weekend supplementary Japanese school, uses the middle school facilities of Shady Side Academy.[27][28] The school, established in 1993, originated from a group of parents starting a Japanese class system in 1977.[29]

Arts, theater, and music[edit]

Since 2003 Shady Side has sponsored a benefit concert called "Untucked"—an homage to the school dress code, which, before 2004, required all shirts to be tucked in. Members of the Untucked Committee include students selected annually from a competitive applicant pool and a member of the faculty. Recent bands to appear at Untucked include Rusted Root, The Clarks, Robert Randolph and the Family Band, Better than Ezra and Sister Hazel. Untucked is usually held at the end of the year in the Roy McKnight Hockey Center and includes food and carnival games.

Shady Side Academy's main theater, the 650-seat Richard E. Rauh Theater, is named after local teacher, actor and arts patron Richard Rauh. It resides in the newly constructed Hillman Center for Performing Arts on the Senior School campus.[30] There is also a blackbox theater (The Kountz Theater), which holds many smaller productions, such as the annual Fall Play and the Spring Original Works Theatre Festival. Recent theater performances include: Grease, An Enemy of the People, West Side Story, A Midsummer Night's Dream, The Music Man, Romeo and Juliet, Kiss Me, Kate, and The Importance of Being Earnest. The debut musical in the Hillman Center for the Performing Arts was Oliver! which took place in the spring of 2005, starring Danielle Papincak (Nancy, Class of '05) and Bernard Balbot (Fagin, Class of '05). In 2006, the Academy launched the Hillman Performing Arts Series with the Golden Dragon Acrobats, River City Brass Band, and Pittsburgh Ballet Theatre.

Publications[edit]

The Academy's campus newspaper, the Shady Side News, is written and produced by an editorial staff of Senior School students and releases five issues each academic year. It contains campus news, commentary, political opinion, and photographs. The Academian, the Shady Side Academy yearbook, has been published annually since the time of the school's founding by a committee of student editors. The Egerian, the school's literary magazine, publishes student-written prose and poetry at the end of each academic year. Established in 1928, it is released exclusively online by a committee of student editors, and is available at "The Egerian".  Angles, the school's other literary magazine, collects the best of student-written nonfiction and also publishes—in print—at the end of every year. A science magazine, SSA Frontiers of Science, helps to relay to the community significant scientific advances; it is produced once per term under the leadership of a student committee. The Forum, a collaboration between the Senior School History Department and a committee of student editors, contains political commentary and policy analysis.

Athletics[edit]

The insignia of Shady Side Academy athletics

The Academy's Athletic Department mandates athletic participation for every student each term as a graduation requirement. Underform students participate in two terms of team sports and academic Health classes, and upperform students participate in either a team sport or a physical education elective each term. Owing to the Academy's extensive athletic facilities, the Athletic Department offers a variety of options each term. The Senior School's facilities contain two gymnasiums, the McKnight Ice Hockey Center, baseball, soccer, and football fields, a cross-country course, two fitness facilities, squash and tennis courts, and an outdoor track. The Middle and Junior School campuses also both contain gymnasiums and playing fields.

Shady Side Academy's athletic teams compete as the Indians. Once known simply as the Blue & Gold, the current name replaced the original in the 1940s. It is no longer widely used due to conflict over the propriety of Native American images as athletic mascots, but attempts to change it have been thwarted by various alumni. The name's proponents argue for the Academy's unique claim to its use, owing to Chief Guyasuta's historical encampment on the land now occupied by the Senior School.[31]

History[edit]

Shady Side Academy's all-male hockey team in the early 20th century

Athletic activity and physical education at the Academy originate in the school's 1885 relocation within Shadyside from its original one-room schoolhouse on Aiken Avenue to a more spacious physical plant on Ellsworth Avenue, which included the addition of athletic playing fields and a gymnasium. The Academy's early athletic program was organized to promote the ideals of its day, particularly amateurism in sport and the spirit of Muscular Christianity. Team sports, initially informal organizations of students and occasionally faculty, became increasingly structured as the Academy developed athletic links and interscholastic competitions with nearby public and private secondary schools and, occasionally, colleges such as Washington & Jefferson College and what is now Duquesne University. To further formalize interscholastic competition, in 1907 the Academy collaborated with Fifth Avenue High School, Allegheny Prep, and Pittsburgh Central High School to found the Western Pennsylvania Interscholastic Athletic League (WPIAL), which served to establish "a set of eligibility rules and regulations in order to insure a level playing field for interscholastic athletic competition among the schools in western Pennsylvania."[32] Long-standing Academy headmaster William R. Crabbe played a central role in the WPIAL's foundation, and served as its first president.

The Academy maintained its WPIAL association until 1924, when it withdrew its membership and collaborated with the University School of Cleveland, Ohio and Nichols School of Buffalo, New York to found the Tri-State Preparatory League. This league later added the Cranbrook School in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, Western Reserve Academy in Hudson, Ohio, the Kiski School in Saltsburg, Pennsylvania, and the Linsly School in Wheeling, West Virginia, and in the mid-1930s began calling itself the Inter-State Preparatory League (IPSL). After seventy years of competition for the annual "Championship Cup," Shady Side Academy withdrew from the "crumbling" IPSL in 1993.[33]

Affiliations[edit]

Since 1994 the Academy has been a member of the WPIAL, which contains hundreds of other public and private secondary schools in western Pennsylvania and serves as District 7 of the Pennsylvania Interscholastic Athletic Association (PIAA), a state-level athletic governing body. Although the majority of teams now compete at the varsity level in the WPIAL and PIAA, a minority of programs maintain prep-level affiliations in smaller sport-specific Prep Leagues consisting of other regional independent schools. The boys prep hockey team served in 1990 as a founding member of the Midwest Prep Hockey League, in which it competes at the Division I level. It also occasionally plays semi-professional hockey clubs in Germany and Italy, including ESV Kaufbeuren, SV Kaltern, and EV Landsberg.[34][35] The girls hockey team also competes at the prep level in the Women’s Interscholastic Hockey League of the Mid-Atlantic.[36] The boys and girls squash teams, members of the Pittsburgh Squash Racquet Association,[37] are also prep-level teams composed of top-rated junior players. The boys lacrosse team participates, in addition to the WPIAL, in the Midwest Scholastic Lacrosse Association. Shady Side Academy teams also often compete on an informal basis with other local schools, including Sewickley Academy, Fox Chapel Area High School, Winchester Thurston School, and The Ellis School.

WPIAL and PIAA championships[edit]

Since joining the PIAA the Academy has won 12 state championships—two in boys' basketball (1995 and 2000), two in girls' golf (2008 and 2011), two in boys' swimming (2000 and 2011), two in girls' tennis (2007 and 2010), and two in boys' tennis (2003 and 2014)—along with numerous regional WPIAL championships in baseball, soccer, field hockey, tennis, swimming, football and golf. The girls' tennis and field hockey teams won the WPIAL Championship titles in 2005, 2006, and 2007 for AAA and AA, respectively. The girls' tennis team went on to place second in the 2007 PIAA Championships and first in the 2008 PIAA Championships. Shady Side's Lauren Greco also won the PIAA and WPIAL AAA girls' tennis singles championships. The girls' tennis team, again, won the WPIAL and state championships in 2010, while Sara Perelman placed second individually. In 2010, the boys swim team won the WPIAL championship for the 9th consecutive year (10th in 11 years). In addition, the wrestling team went on to place first in the PIAA Individual Championships of the 2007-2008 season, with both Dane Johnson placing first (his second time) and Roman San Doval placing first in the PIAA. They defended their state championship in wrestling with another championship in the 2008-2009 season, with Johnson winning his 3rd PIAA Championship and Matt Cunningham placing second in his weight class. Shady Side Academy wrestling is the first AA team in the WPIAL to have won the PIAA State Championship. The boys' tennis team won the WPIALs in 2010, and also placed second in states. Chris Mengel won the individual state championships as well in 2010.

WPIAL Team Championships (53 titles, 14 sports)

  • Boys Baseball: 2009
  • Boys Basketball: 1999
  • Boys Cross Country: 1994, 1997, 1998, 1999
  • Girls Cross Country: 2008
  • Girls Field Hockey: 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013
  • Boys Football: 1998
  • Girls Golf: 2008, 2009, 2011
  • Girls Soccer: 2010, 2013
  • Boys Swimming: 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010
  • Boys Tennis: 1999, 2002, 2003, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2014
  • Girls Tennis: 1993, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2010
  • Boys Track & Field: 1998, 1999
  • Boys Wrestling: 2001

PIAA Team Championships (12 titles, 6 sports)

  • Boys Basketball: 1995, 2000
  • Girls Golf: 2008, 2011
  • Boys Swimming: 2000, 2011
  • Boys Tennis: 2003, 2014
  • Girls Tennis: 2007, 2010
  • Boys Wrestling: 2008, 2009

Notable alumni[edit]

David McCullough '51, two-time Pulitzer Prize-winning historian
Tunde Adebimpe '93, lead singer of TV on the Radio

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Administration". Shady Side Academy. Retrieved April 19, 2011. 
  2. ^ "About Us: HISTORY". Shady Side Academy. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Charitable Organization: Shady Side Academy". Open Endowment. 2008. Retrieved June 2, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Tuition & Fees". Shady Side Academy. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  5. ^ Silver, Jonathan L. (2004). Approaching the Pinnacle of Privilege: The History of Shady Side Academy, 1883-Present (Ph.D.). Carnegie Mellon University. p. 2. 
  6. ^ David Cannadine, Mellon: An American Life (New York: Random House, 2008), 105.
  7. ^ Quentin R. Skrabec, Henry Clay Frick: the Life of the Perfect Capitalist (Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2010), 154.
  8. ^ David Cannadine, Mellon: An American Life (New York: Random House, 2008), 339.
  9. ^ “Shadyside Academy Cornerstone Laid,” The Pittsburgh Press, May 3, 1922.
  10. ^ “Principals in School Merger,” The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 31, 1940.
  11. ^ "History". Retrieved 2011-12-25. 
  12. ^ Jennifer Bails, "A Legacy of Learning: Shady Side Academy celebrates 125 Years of Academic Excellence," Shady Side Academy Magazine, Winter 2008-2009, 4.
  13. ^ Bronson, Po (2003). What Should I Do With My Life?. New York, NY: Random House. p. 151. 
  14. ^ "Diversity & Global Awareness: Declaration for a Diverse and Inclusive Community". Shady Side Academy Board of Trustees. Retrieved May 6, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Financial Aid". Shady Side Academy. Retrieved May 6, 2012. 
  16. ^ Shady Side Academy (October 29, 1980). "Shady Side Academy Admissions Examinations". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved June 1, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Sending Schools for Maine Coast Semester". Chewonki Foundation. Retrieved 2007-05-09. 
  18. ^ "Shady Side Academy". Private School Search. Retrieved May 13, 2012. 
  19. ^ Chute, Eleanor (2005-06-09). "Shady Side Academy plans green renovation". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2006-02-13. 
  20. ^ Shady Side Academy. "Academic Calendar 2010–2011 School Year". Retrieved May 8, 2012. 
  21. ^ Shady Side Academy. "All-School Calendar". Retrieved December 18, 2013. 
  22. ^ Shady Side Academy. "Curricular Programs". Shady Side Academy Senior School Student Handbook 2011–2012. Retrieved May 8, 2012. 
  23. ^ Shady Side Academy College Counseling Office. "Profile 2011–2012". Retrieved May 8, 2012. 
  24. ^ Shady Side Academy. "School Profile". Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  25. ^ Shady Side Academy Residential Life Program. "Shady Side Academy Residential Life Program Frequently Asked Questions". Retrieved May 8, 2012. 
  26. ^ Shady Side Academy. "Student Clubs". Retrieved May 6, 2012. 
  27. ^ "北米の補習授業校一覧(平成25年4月15日現在)." (Archive) MEXT. Retrieved on May 5, 2014. "c/o Shady Side Academy Middle School, 500 Squaw Run Road East, Pittsburgh, PA 15238,U.S.A"
  28. ^ "Zoning Map" (Archive). Borough of Fox Chapel. Retrieved on May 6, 2014.
  29. ^ "In English" (Archive). Pittsburgh Japanese School. Retrieved on May 6, 2014.
  30. ^ New Works Festival honors Rauh - Tribune-Review
  31. ^ Dunlap, Colin (2005-07-01). "Nicknames of teams still source of conflict". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2006-12-16. 
  32. ^ "History of the WPIAL," from the offices of the Western Pennsylvania Interscholastic Athletic Association
  33. ^ "A Recent History of Shady Side Academy Baseball". Retrieved May 25, 2012. 
  34. ^ Dave Schrecengost (December 16, 2004). "SSA prep hockey team to travel overseas". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved April 8, 2012. 
  35. ^ Marky Billson (December 21, 2004). "Shady Side to play hockey in Europe". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved May 26, 2012. 
  36. ^ "Icy Hockey - Prep Girls". Shady Side Academy. Retrieved May 26, 2012. 
  37. ^ Tom Fisher (February 11, 1987). "Shady Side had no peers when it comes to squash". Retrieved May 27, 2012. 
  38. ^ Pittsburgh Press - June 17, 1927
  39. ^ Hattendorf, John B. (Summer 2008). "Admiral Richard G. Colbert: Pioneer in Building Global Maritime Partnerships". Naval War College Review 61 (3). p. 110–111. 
  40. ^ Sherman, Jerome L (2006-12-16). "Presidential biographer gets presidential medal". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2006-12-18. 
  41. ^ Guido, George (2005-08-21). "SSA lacks experience, not heart; Fast Facts Sidebar". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved 2006-12-19. 
  42. ^ Gangewere, R. Jay (July–August 1997). "Astronaut Jay Apt: Director of Carnegie Museum of Natural History". Carnegie. Retrieved 2006-12-16. 
  43. ^ Behe, Regis (2002-09-26). "Tom Tom Club to drum up support for Haiti at benefit". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved 2006-12-18. 
  44. ^ "Summer 2007 Teacher Workshop". Retrieved 2007-06-16. 
  45. ^ "Eugene Baker Profile". Scout.com. Retrieved 2006-12-16. 

External links[edit]