The Shafir shooting attack was a guerrilla assault carried out by Palestinian militants on April 11, 1956. Two Palestinian militants whom infiltrated to Israel from Jordan opened fire on a synagogue full of children and teenagers, in the farming community of Shafir, killing three children and a youth worker and injuring five, three of them seriously.
An Arab-Palestinian militant squad infiltrated Israel from Egypt. They enter the village Shafir during the evening of 11 April 1956. Two armed militants entered the synagogue of the village and opened fire into a crowd of 46 children aged 9–16. Three children and an instructor were killed in the incident. Five children were injured, three of them in serious condition.