Shaft (album)

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Shaft
Soundtrack album by Isaac Hayes
Released July 1971
Recorded 1971
Stax Recording Studios
(Memphis, Tennessee)
Genre Funk, soul[1]
Length 69:29
Label Enterprise
ENS-2-5002
Producer Isaac Hayes
Isaac Hayes chronology
...To Be Continued
(1971)
Shaft
(1971)
Black Moses
(1971)

Shaft is a double album by Isaac Hayes, recorded for Stax Records' Enterprise label as the soundtrack LP for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's 1971 Soul Cinema Classic film Shaft. The album mostly consists of instrumentals composed by Hayes as score for the film. Three vocal selections are included: "Soulsville", "Do Your Thing", and "Theme from Shaft". A commercial and critical success, Shaft is Hayes' best-known work and the best-selling LP ever released on a Stax label.[2]

Conception[edit]

Hayes initially became involved with Shaft in hopes of having director Gordon Parks cast him in the title role, but was not aware that Richard Roundtree had already been cast as John Shaft.[2] Hayes did appear in the film in a cameo role, but, more significantly, composed the film's score. While the film was still in production, Parks sent Hayes raw footage of some of the film's scenes, and Hayes wrote three pieces for the scenes: "Theme from Shaft" for the opening title sequence, "Soulsville" for a scene in which Shaft walks through Harlem, and "Ellie's Love Theme" for a love scene.[2]

Pleased with the results, MGM hired Hayes to compose the rest of the score, and the musician spent two months working between tour dates on the score at the MGM studio.[2] Once the score was composed and arranged, Hayes recorded the rhythm tracks with Stax band The Bar-Kays in one day.[2] The orchestral tracks were recorded the next day, and the vocals the day after that.[2] The songs were later re-recorded for the album at Stax Studios and slightly rearranged from their film versions: MGM's recording facility was based upon a three-track system, and Hayes wanted a richer sound for the album).[2]

Reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
All About Jazz (favorable)[1]
Allmusic 4.5/5 stars[3]
Robert Christgau C+[4]
Mojo (favorable)[5]
Q 4/5 stars[5]
Warr.org 4.5/5 stars[6]
Yahoo! Music (favorable)[7]

Upon its release in the summer of 1971, Shaft became the first double album of original studio material released by an R&B artist.[2] The album peaked at number one on The Billboard 200 chart, and spent sixty weeks on the chart. It took the top position on the Top R&B Albums chart for 14 weeks. Both "Theme from Shaft" and "Do Your Thing" became Top 40 singles on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, with the former peaking at number one.

At the 1972 Grammy Awards, "Theme from Shaft" won the awards for Best Engineered Recording, Non-Classical and Best Instrumental Arrangement. The film score as a whole won for Best Instrumental Composition Written Specifically For A Motion Picture or for Television. The National Association of Television and Radio Announcers gave Shaft its Album of the Year award.[2] At the Academy Awards that year, Hayes became the first African-American to win an Oscar for a non-acting category when "Theme from Shaft" won the award for Best Original Song.[2] Isaac Hayes was nominated for Original Dramatic Score as well, losing to Michel Legrand for the score to Summer of '42.

The 2009 re-release of the soundtrack on CD by Stax Records added an additional track, "Theme from Shaft" (2009 Mix), timed at 4:45.

Track listing[edit]

All songs written and produced by Isaac Hayes.

Side one[edit]

  1. "Theme from Shaft" (Vocal Version) – 4:39
  2. "Bumpy's Lament" – 1:51
  3. "Walk from Regio's" – 2:24
  4. "Ellie's Love Theme" – 3:18
  5. "Shaft's Cab Ride" – 1:10

Side two[edit]

  1. "Cafe Regio's" – 6:10
  2. "Early Sunday Morning" – 3:49
  3. "Be Yourself" – 4:30
  4. "A Friend's Place" – 3:24

Side three[edit]

  1. "Soulsville" (Vocal Version) – 3:48
  2. "No Name Bar" – 6:11
  3. "Bumpy's Blues" – 4:04
  4. "Shaft Strikes Again" – 3:04

Side four[edit]

  1. "Do Your Thing" (Vocal Version) – 19:30
  2. "The End Theme" – 1:56

Credits[edit]

Awards and charts[edit]

Billboard charts[edit]

Album[edit]

Chart Position
Billboard 200 1
Black Albums
Jazz Albums

Singles[edit]

Single Chart Position
"Theme from Shaft" Billboard Hot 100 1
Black Singles 2
Adult Contemporary Singles 6

"Do Your Thing" was also a Top 40 Pop Single

Grammy Awards[edit]

Later Samples[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b All About Jazz review
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Bowman, Rob (1997). Soulsville U.S.A.: The Story of Stax Records. New York: Schirmer Trade. p.229-233 ISBN 0-8256-7284-8
  3. ^ Allmusic review
  4. ^ Robert Christgau review
  5. ^ a b CDUniverse review
  6. ^ Warr.org review
  7. ^ Yahoo! Music review
Preceded by
Imagine by John Lennon
Billboard 200 number-one album
November 6–12, 1971
Succeeded by
Santana by Santana