Shafter, California

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For the community in Marin County with this name, see Shafter, Marin County, California.
City of Shafter
City
Fountain found in downtown Shafter
Location in Kern County and the state of California
Location in Kern County and the state of California
Coordinates: 35°30′02″N 119°16′18″W / 35.50056°N 119.27167°W / 35.50056; -119.27167Coordinates: 35°30′02″N 119°16′18″W / 35.50056°N 119.27167°W / 35.50056; -119.27167[1]
Country United States
State California
County Kern
Incorporated January 20, 1938[2]
Government
 • Mayor Cathy Prout[3]
 • State senator Andy Vidak (R)[4]
 • Assemblymember Rudy Salas (D)[4]
 • U. S. Rep. David Valadao (R)[5]
Area[6]
 • Total 27.945 sq mi (72.376 km2)
 • Land 27.945 sq mi (72.376 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation[1] 348 ft (106 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 16,988
 • Density 610/sq mi (230/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 93263
Area code 661 Exchange: 746
FIPS code 06-71106
GNIS feature IDs 1661428, 2411873
Website www.shafter.com

Shafter is a city in Kern County, California, United States. It is located 18 miles (29 km) west-northwest of Bakersfield.[7] The population was 16,988 at the 2010 census, up from 12,736 at the 2000 census.

The city is located along State Route 43. Suburbs of Shafter include Myricks Corner, North Shafter, Smith's Corner, and Thomas Lane.

History[edit]

The Green Hotel.
The Shafter Depot Museum is housed within the old Santa Fe Passenger and Freight Depot.

The city of Shafter began as a loading dock along the Santa Fe Railroad right-of-way. The community was named for General William Rufus Shafter who commanded US Forces in Cuba during the Spanish-American War.[7] Property was sold beginning in 1914 and the city incorporated in 1938.

The first post office opened in 1898, moved in 1902, closed in 1905.[7] A new postal service started in 1914.[7]

Also of historical note, Shafter is home to Minter Field, which began operations in June 1941 and saw heavy use during World War II. Approximately 7,000 troops were stationed at the airstrip which hosted up to 600 prisoners of war as well. Today it is publicly owned and administered by the Minter Field Airport District and serves as an industrial center and airport for crop dusters and private aircraft. The Minter Field Museum is maintained on location as well.

The first truly successful human powered airplane, the Gossamer Condor, piloted by Bryan Allen won the Kremer prize on August 23, 1977 at Shafter's Minter Field. Allen piloted, and powered, the Paul MacCready designed airplane along the one mile long figure '8' course with two 10 foot high obstacles as specified by the Royal Aeronautical Society to claim the £50,000 prize. A California State Monument is located at the Field for this event.[8]

The Shafter Historical Society also maintains two other museums. The Green Hotel and the Shafter Depot Museum emphasize various aspects of the daily lives of Shafter residents in years past; both structures are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

In 2013 Shafter celebrated the 100 year anniversary of its founding. The Centennial Celebration included several events highlighting the history of the town, including a flyover of a PT-13 Training Plane that was stationed at Minter Field during World War II.[9]

In 2009, a Shafter High School senior, Anna Jelmini, received the key to the city for placing in the Junior Olympics. She also fell just short of meeting the standards for the 2008 Olympics.

Economy[edit]

Historically, much of Shafter's economy has been based on agriculture and ag-related industry. Local crops include almonds, pistachios, cotton, grapes and alfalfa as well as some carrots, potatoes and other vegetables. Cotton and potatoes have a special historical significance for the town of Shafter as leading industries in different periods of the town's development.

More recently Shafter has become a hub for a variety of economic endeavors including; manufacturing, logistics, and energy.[10]

Company Year Established in Shafter
Ross Dress for Less Coming 2015
Fedex Ground Coming 2015
Target 2002
Richland School District 1914
Baker Hughes 2012
City of Shafter 1913
Kern High School District 1928 (Shafter High Founded)
MI Swaco/Schulmberger 2012
Williams-Sonoma 2008
The Garlic Company 1986
Global Fabricators 2005
Bidart Brothers 1993
Performance Food Group 2005
California Paper 2013
Cemex 2008
GAF 1993
Weatherford 2012
American Tire Distributors 2007
State Farm 2001
The Hillman Group 2000
GMC Roofing 2002
Grimmway Enterprises
JD Rush
Logistics hub located in Shafter, California

Paramount Logistics Park[edit]

Shafter is home to the Paramount Logistics Park (PLP) (formerly known as the International Trade and Transportation Center (ITTC)), built to facilitate Central Valley access to ports in Long Beach and Los Angeles via the Burlington Northern Santa Fe railway. Shafter will likely continue to grow economically as the PLP builds out. Ross Dress for Less announced its plans to move into the PLP in 2013.[11]

American Tire Distributors signed a 20 year lease with Roll Real Estate to lease over 1 million square feet of distribution space. The tire and wheel distributor has begun working out of a portion of the space as of Summer 2014, while the rest continues to be built out.[12]

Shafter Rail Facility constructed to connect BNSF line to Paramount Logistics Park.

Rail Facility[edit]

One reason for the growth of the Paramount Logistics Park Shafter is the City of Shafter’s Rail Facility. The Facility has more than 10,000 feet of track owned by the City of Shafter and operated by the Public Works Department. It connects the BNSF rail line to tenants in the Paramount Logistics Park. This is the only rail served industrial park in the San Joaquin Valley.[13]

Modified Community Correctional Facility[edit]

The City of Shafter reopened the Shafter Modified Community Correctional Facility in 2013 after a two year closure. Profits from the facility directly benefit public safety initiatives and the Shafter Education Partnership, focused on early literacy and college readiness.[14]

Fiber-Optic Network[edit]

In 2006 the City of Shafter began construction on a 25 mile fiber-optic backbone ring. The City currently operates a 10 Gbps Ethernet network over the Shafter Connect network with near-zero unscheduled downtime since the network inception in 2007. The installed infrastructure will support 40 Gbps and faster speeds as technology standardizes. The network currently serves several areas of the city including: • Shafter Core – Downtown municipal, educational and law enforcement facilities. • Minter Field Airport and Industrial Park development near Highway 99 and Lerdo Hwy. • Paramount Logistics Park at 7th Standard Road and Zachary Ave. • Future Residential/Commercial developments along 7th Standard Road between Calloway Drive and Zerker Road.

The City of Shafter is the only municipality in the Central Valley that offers fiber-optic connections.[15][16]

Richland Junior High

Education[edit]

Shafter is home to the Richland School District which oversees operation of four schools: Golden Oak Elementary School (K-6), Redwood Elementary School (K-6), Sequoia Elementary School (K-6) and Richland Junior High School. The district operates under the leadership of superintendent Mrs. Raquel Posadas-Gonzalez. Class sizes in grades K-3 average 20 students, grades 4-8 average 30 students. The district has three libraries as well as a marching band program, Gifted And Talented Education (GATE), and Project Lead the Way’s Gateway to Technology Program.[17][18]

Richland Schools are active in academic competitions, including Math Field Day, History Day, and the Oral Language Festival.

Math has been a strength of Richland Schools in recent years. The percentage of Richland 8th graders scoring “Proficient” or “Advanced” in Algebra quadrupled from 2008 (8%) to 2013 (33%), earning the Richland Junior High Algebra Department an Award from the Shafter Chamber of Commerce in 2013. In 2014, Richland students placed in the top three in four of eight categories at the Kern County Math Field Day Competition.[19][20][21]

In 2014, Mr. Claudio Martinez from Richland’s Sequoia Elementary was honored as the regional GATE Teacher of the Year from the Regional California Association for the Gifted.[22]

Shafter is also home to Shafter High School, a member of the Kern High School District. Built by architects Edwin J. Symmes and Clarence Cullimore[23] in the late 1920s. Officially founded in 1928, Shafter High School has a history as old as the town itself. Today, it is administered by Principal Russell Shipley. The school has undergone many recent renovations including the construction of a new cafeteria and new classroom space to meet the needs of a growing student body. The school is also home to the historical Fred L. Starrh Performing Arts Center, a large theater building with a fully functional fly system.

Shafter High School, located in Shafter, California

Shafter is also home to Kern Adventist Elementary. Kern Adventist Elementary is a small, one teacher Christian school. It has been in operation for over 92 years.

Shafter Education Partnership[edit]

In 2010, the City of Shafter, the Richland School District, and Shafter High School formed the Shafter Education Partnership to support educational excellence in Shafter. The areas of focus for the Shafter Education Partnership are challenging advanced students, forming a strong foundation in reading, and building a community for learning. The Partnership is funded by the City of Shafter with a 2014-15 budget allocation of $865,618

In order to support its goal of forming a strong foundation in reading the Shafter Education Partnership distributes books for children to take home, offers summer and after school reading programs.[24][25]

In 2012, the Partnership (then called the Shafter Schools Project) was a recipient of a Kern Council of Governments Region Award for “its impressive dedication to improve students reading and math.” [26]

Shafter Learning Center[edit]

Shafter Learning Center

The Shafter Education Partnership, in conjunction with the Kern County Library and Richland School District, opened the Shafter Learning Center in June 2014. The building which had housed the Shafter branch of the Kern County Library was remodeled to accommodate two classrooms and a computer lab. Classes are offered for students from 3rd to 12th grad in subjects ranging from Math Lab and Keyboarding to French and Calculus Prep. English classes for adults are also offered.[27]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 27.9 square miles (72.3 km2), all of it land.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Shafter, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 81.0
(27.2)
86.0
(30)
93.0
(33.9)
101.0
(38.3)
109.0
(42.8)
113.0
(45)
115.0
(46.1)
113.0
(45)
111.0
(43.9)
105.0
(40.6)
92.0
(33.3)
81.0
(27.2)
115
(46.1)
Average high °F (°C) 57.0
(13.9)
65.0
(18.3)
70.0
(21.1)
78.0
(25.6)
87.0
(30.6)
94.0
(34.4)
99.0
(37.2)
98.0
(36.7)
92.0
(33.3)
82.0
(27.8)
67.0
(19.4)
57.0
(13.9)
78.8
(26.02)
Average low °F (°C) 37.0
(2.8)
40.0
(4.4)
43.0
(6.1)
47.0
(8.3)
53.0
(11.7)
59.0
(15)
63.0
(17.2)
62.0
(16.7)
58.0
(14.4)
49.0
(9.4)
40.0
(4.4)
34.0
(1.1)
48.8
(9.29)
Record low °F (°C) 19.0
(−7.2)
22.0
(−5.6)
26.0
(−3.3)
31.0
(−0.6)
39.0
(3.9)
43.0
(6.1)
49.0
(9.4)
46.0
(7.8)
41.0
(5)
29.0
(−1.7)
21.0
(−6.1)
14.0
(−10)
14
(−10)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.34
(34)
1.37
(34.8)
1.60
(40.6)
0.58
(14.7)
0.24
(6.1)
0.13
(3.3)
0.01
(0.3)
0.03
(0.8)
0.18
(4.6)
0.34
(8.6)
0.64
(16.3)
0.88
(22.4)
7.34
(186.5)
Source: The Weather Channel "Monthly Averages for Shafter, CA". The Weather Channel Interactive, Inc. 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-12. 

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940 1,258
1950 2,207 75.4%
1960 4,576 107.3%
1970 5,327 16.4%
1980 7,010 31.6%
1990 9,409 34.2%
2000 12,736 35.4%
2010 16,988 33.4%
Est. 2013 17,197 [28] 1.2%
US Census[29]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[30] reported that Shafter had a population of 16,988. The population density was 607.9 people per square mile (234.7/km²). The racial makeup of Shafter was 8,150 (48.0%) White, 219 (1.3%) African American, 198 (1.2%) Native American, 111 (0.7%) Asian, 19 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 7,645 (45.0%) from other races, and 646 (3.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13,634 persons (80.3%).

The Census reported that 16,323 people (96.1% of the population) lived in households, 148 (0.9%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 517 (3.0%) were institutionalized.

There were 4,230 households, out of which 2,583 (61.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,562 (60.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 720 (17.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 365 (8.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 345 (8.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 34 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 446 households (10.5%) were made up of individuals and 203 (4.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.86. There were 3,647 families (86.2% of all households); the average family size was 4.11.

The population was spread out with 6,121 people (36.0%) under the age of 18, 2,126 people (12.5%) aged 18 to 24, 4,666 people (27.5%) aged 25 to 44, 2,951 people (17.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,124 people (6.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25.9 years. For every 100 females there were 105.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.5 males.

There were 4,521 housing units at an average density of 161.8 per square mile (62.5/km²), of which 2,471 (58.4%) were owner-occupied, and 1,759 (41.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.9%. 9,552 people (56.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 6,771 people (39.9%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[31] of 2000, there were 12,736 people, 3,293 households, and 2,759 families residing in the city. The population density was 708.4 people per square mile (273.5/km²). There were 3,624 housing units at an average density of 201.6 per square mile (77.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 29.0% White, 2.0% Black or African American, 2.0% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 0.75% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.25% from two or more races. 65.0% of the population is Hispanic or Latino of any race.[32]

There were 3,293 households out of which 52.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.2% were non-families. 13.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.67 and the average family size was 3.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 36.6% under the age of 18, 11.7% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 15.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 104.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,515, and the median income for a family was $31,457. Males had a median income of $31,605 versus $21,603 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,961. About 22.5% of families and 29.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.8% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Shafter". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved November 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Mayor & Council". Shafter CA. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 6, 2014. 
  5. ^ "California's 21st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c d Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 1104. ISBN 1-884995-14-4. 
  8. ^ Grosser, Morton (1981). Gossamer Odyssey: The Triumph of Human-Powered Flight. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-7603-2051-9. 
  9. ^ http://www.bakersfieldcalifornian.com/entertainment/community/x558593002/Centennial-celebration-Happily-ever-Shafter
  10. ^ KGET 17 News NBC. "17 News Special Report: City of the Future". KGET 17 News. Retrieved October 2, 2014. 
  11. ^ http://www.bakersfieldcalifornian.com/business/x738927583/Ross-buys-property-for-center-expected-to-bring-1-500-jobs
  12. ^ http://articles.latimes.com/2014/mar/26/business/la-fi-tire-plant-20140327
  13. ^ http://issuu.com/kernbusiness/docs/kbj_dec
  14. ^ http://www.bakersfieldcalifornian.com/local/x196574722/Shafter-state-close-to-deal-to-reopen-correctional-facility
  15. ^ http://www.shafterconnect.com
  16. ^ http://www.muninetworks.org/communitymap
  17. ^ http://www.richland.k12.ca.us/index.cfm?fuseaction=menu&menu_id=1
  18. ^ http://www.bakersfieldcalifornian.com/local/x1608245730/Educators-laud-1-55-million-from-Chevron
  19. ^ http://data1.cde.ca.gov/dataquest/
  20. ^ http://www.shafterchamber.org/2013/04/award-recipients-2013-awards-banquet/
  21. ^ http://kern.org/2014/05/math-day-results/
  22. ^ http://richland.csbaagendaonline.net/cgi-bin/WebObjects/richland-eAgenda.woa/wa/displayMeeting?meetingID=1377
  23. ^ http://www.kcmuseum.org/stories/storyReader$1213
  24. ^ http://www.turnto23.com/news/your-neighborhood/north-county/shafter-collects-thousands-of-books-for-children
  25. ^ http://www.richland.k12.ca.us/groups/news_item?d=x&id=1408076655298&group_id=1301752452079&return_url=1408728102047
  26. ^ http://www.kerncog.org/regional-awards/2012-regional-awards
  27. ^ http://www.kerngoldenempire.com/story/d/story/new-learning-center-opens-at-shafter-library/15230/7TEGJM6uR0e0xtDrY-YD6Q
  28. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. May 2014. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  29. ^ Historical Census Populations of Counties and Incorporated Cities in California, 1850–2010. California Department of Finance. Accessed: 03-12-2012.
  30. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Shafter city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  31. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  32. ^ "City-data - Shafter-California". analyzed data from numerous sources. Retrieved 2009-03-17. 

External links[edit]