Shah Azizur Rahman

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Shah Azizur Rahman
শাহ আজিজুর রহমান
Prime Minister of Bangladesh
In office
15 April 1979 – 24 March 1982
President Ziaur Rahman
Deputy Jamal Uddin Ahmad[1]
Preceded by Mashiur Rahman (Acting)
Succeeded by Ataur Rahman Khan
Personal details
Born 1925
Kushtia, Bengal Presidency, British India
(now in Bangladesh)
Died 1988 (aged 62–63)
Political party Nationalist Party
Religion Islam

Shah Azizur Rahman (Bengali: শাহ আজিজুর রহমান) (1925-1988) was a Bangladeshi politician who served as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh. However, he was the subject of considerable controversy for his collaboration with the Pakistan Army against the struggle to establish Bangladesh.

Early life[edit]

Shah Azizur Rahman was born in Kushtia of the province of Bengal (now in Bangladesh). As a student political leader, Rahman participated in the Bengal Provincial Muslim League and the Pakistan movement. He would remain active in Bengali and national politics in Pakistan, becoming a vocal opponent of Bengali leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and his Awami League, which advocated greater autonomy for East Pakistan.

Political career[edit]

At the outbreak of the Bangladesh Liberation War, Rahman supported the Pakistani state forces and denounced the Bengali nationalist struggle. He would lead the Pakistani delegation to the United Nations in November 1971, where he would emphatically deny that the Pakistan Army's Operation Searchlight had degenerated into genocide. In 1971, following the defeat of Pakistan in the Bangladesh Liberation War, Rahman continued to reside in Pakistan. In the post-war period, authorities estimated that over a million people had been killed in Bangladesh by Pakistani state forces and collaborating militias. Rahman would continue to lobby Muslim nations in the Middle East to decline diplomatic recognition to Bangladesh.

Return to Bangladesh[edit]

Shah Azizur Rahman was permitted to return to Bangladesh after liberation war, but arrested. When Major General Ziaur Rahman became the President of Bangladesh, he allowed Aziz to take part in national election and appointed him to the post of Prime Minister. Rahman also helped Zia organise the Bangladesh Nationalist Party, which won the 1979 parliamentary elections. Both Zia and Azizur Rahman have been fiercely criticised for including the Khondokar Mostak Ahmed created Indemnity Act ordinance, within the 5th constitutional amendment which gave amnesty to the killers of Sheikh Mujib and legalised the military coups of 1975. After the assassination of Ziaur Rahman in 1981, Shah Azizur Rahman continued to serve as prime minister. Although he was retained in that post by the new President Abdus Sattar, both Sattar and Rahman were overthrown in a military coup led by army chief Hossain Mohammad Ershad in 1982.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Former deputy prime minister Jamal Uddin Ahmad dies". 2015-01-14. Retrieved 2015-01-04. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mashiur Rahman
Prime Minister of Bangladesh
Succeeded by
Ataur Rahman Khan