Shah Berunai

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Shah Berunai
9th Sultan of Brunei
Reign 1581 CE - 1582 CE (death)[citation needed]
Died 1582 (1583)
Predecessor Saiful Rijal
Successor Muhammad Hassan (Brunei)
Father Saiful Rijal

Sultan Shah Berunai was the ninth sultan of Brunei. He ascended the throne in 1581 on the death of his father Sultan Saiful Rijal. He died in 1582 without any male descendants and was succeeded by his younger brother Pengiran Muda Tengah Muhammad Hassan. During his reign he was concerned with production of cannon for the defence of Brunei from the attacks of the Spanish army, that was headquartered in Manila, as a consequence of the Castille War.


The earliest historical record of the Sultans of Brunei is not clearly known due to the poor early documentation of Brunei history. In addition there has been an effort to Islamise the history, with the "official history" not matching up with verifiable foreign sources [1] The Batu Tarsilah - the genealogical record of the kings of Brunei - was not started until 1807. Therefore, much of the intepretation on history relied on earlier Chinese sources and legends.[2] It seems that the early Sultanate of Brunei was dependent on Chinese support,[2][3][4] and perhaps early Sultans were of Chinese origin[2]. Furthermore the earliest Sultans may have been practicing the Hindu or Buddhist religions, with early names indicating this origin [1].

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