Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi

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Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi
Born 1156 AH (1743 C.E)
Patiala, Punjab
Died 22 Safar 1240 AH (October 1824)
Delhi, India
Region Islamic scholar/Sufi
School Sunni Islam, Hanafi, Sufi, Naqshbandi
Influences
Influenced

Shah Abdullah alias Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi (1743–1824, Urdu:شاہ غلام علی دہلوی) was a very prominent Sufi Shaykh in Delhi during early 19th century. He was a master of the Naqshbandi tradition and also in other major Sufi orders such as Qadri and Chishti.

Biography[edit]

He was born in 1156 AH (1743 C.E) in Patiala, Punjab in current-day India. His father was Shah Abdul-Latif, a scholar and Sufi shaykh belonging to the Qadri tariqah. It is reported in his biographies that his father had a dream before his birth in which he saw Sayyadna Ali who told him to name the baby on his name (Ali). Later after he grew up, he modified his own name to be Ghulam Ali (literally meaning slave of Ali, a common name in Indian Muslims today). Similarly, his mother had a dream in which she saw Prophet Muhammad who told her to name the baby Abdullah. Hence his real name is still known to be Abdullah while his alias is Ghulam Ali.[1][2]

Due to his powerful memory, he is reported to have memorized the Quran in a single month's duration. In 1170 AH he came to Delhi to take the oath of allegiance to Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan who was a famous Shaykh of Naqshbandi tariqah in Delhi at that time. After getting trained in the major Sufi orders including Naqshbandi for 15 years, he received complete Khilafat (spiritual Ijazah) from his Shaykh.

He had many Khulafa (deputies) who spread the Naqshbandi Sufi order to a vast number of people in the whole Muslim world at that time. His Khulafa went to Bukhara, Baghdad, Madinah and Turkey. His famous khalifa was Mawlana Khalid al-Baghdadi who had hundreds of thousands of followers in his lifetime, and many Naqshbandi's today in Turkey and nearby countries follow him.

He is quoted to have said: "My Faid (spirituality) has reached far off countries. Our Halqa is held in Makkah and our Halqa is held in Madinah. Similarly our Halqa is held in Baghdad, Rome (now Turkey and Cyprus) and Maghrib (Parts of Europe and Africa facing Asia). And Bukhara is our parental home."[2]

He died on 22 Safar 1240 AH (15/16 October 1824) and was buried alongside his Shaykh's grave in Khanqah Mazharia in Delhi.[1]

Writings[edit]

He wrote multiple books, the most famous of them is Maqamat Mazhari in Persian, which is a complete biography of his shaykh Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan Shaheed. His other books are:[2]

  • Edah-e-Tariqat
  • Ahwal-e-Buzurgaan
  • Risalah dar Tariqah Ba'yat wa Azkar
  • Risalah dar Tariqah Naqshband
  • Risalah Sitri Chand dar Ahwal-e-Shah-e-Naqshband
  • Risalah-e-Azkar
  • Risalah-e-Muraqbat
  • Risalah dar Aitarazat Shaykh Abdul-Haq bar Hazrat Mujaddid
  • Risalah Mashgooliyah
  • Sulook Raqia Naqshbandia
  • Makateeb Shareefa (collection of his letters)
  • Kamalat-e-Mazhariya

Spiritual Chain of Succession[edit]

Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi received Ijazah in multiple tariqahs of Sufism, mainly the Naqshbandi.

Naqshbandi chain[edit]

[3]

  1. Sayyadna Muhammad d.11AH, buried Madinah SA (570/571 - 632 CE)
  2. Sayyadna Abu Bakr Siddiq, radiya-l-Lahu`anh d.13AH, buried Madinah, SA
  3. Sayyadna Salman al-Farsi, radiya-l-Lahu`anh d.35AH buried Madaa'in, SA
  4. Imām Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr d.107AH buried Madinah SA.
  5. Imām Jafar Sadiq, alayhi-s-salam (after which moves to Iran) d 148AH buried Madinah SA.
  6. Shaikh Bayazid Bastami, radiya-l-Lahu canh d 261AH buried Bistaam, Iraq (804 - 874 CE).
  7. Shaikh Abu al-Hassan al-Kharaqani, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah d 425AH buried Kharqaan, Iran.
  8. Shaikh Abul Qasim Gurgani, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah d.450AH buried Gurgan, Iran.
  9. Shaikh Abu Ali Farmadi, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah (after which moves to Turkmenistan) d 477AH buried Tous, Khorasan, Iran.
  10. Khwaja Abu Yaqub Yusuf Hamadani, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah d 535AH buried Maru, Khorosan, Iran.
  11. Khwaja Abdul Khaliq Ghujdawani, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah d 575AH buried Ghajdawan, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  12. Khwaja Arif Reogari, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah d 616AH buried Reogar, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  13. Khwaja Mahmood Anjir-Faghnawi, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah d 715AH buried Waabakni, Mawralnahar.
  14. Shaikh Azizan Ali Ramitani, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah d 715AH buried Khwaarizm, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  15. Shaikh Muhammad Baba Samasi, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah d 755AH buried Samaas, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  16. Shaikh Sayyid Amir Kulal, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah d 772AH buried Saukhaar, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  17. Shaikh Muhammad Baha'uddin Naqshband, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah d 791AH buried Qasr-e-Aarifan, Bukhara, Uzbekistan (1318–1389 CE).
  18. Shaikh Ala'uddin Attar Bukhari, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah buried Jafaaniyan, Mawranahar, Uzbekistan.
  19. Shaikh Yaqub Charkhi, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah d 851AH buried Charkh, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  20. Shaikh Ubaidullah Ahrar, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah d 895AH buried Samarkand, Uzbekistan.
  21. Shaikh Muhammad Zahid Wakhshi, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah d 936AH buried Wakhsh, Malk Hasaar
  22. Shaikh Durwesh Muhammad, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah d 970AH buried Samarkand, Uzbekistan.
  23. Shaikh Muhammad Amkanaki, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah (after which moves to India) d 1008AH buried Akang, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  24. Shaikh Razi ūd-Dīn Muhammad Baqī Billah, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah d 1012AH buried Delhi, India.
  25. Shaikh Ahmad al-Farūqī al-Sirhindī, Imām Rabbānī, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah d 1034AH buried Sarhand, India (1564–1624 CE)
  26. Muhammad Masum Sirhindi, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah d 1079AH buried Sarhand, India.
  27. Muhammad Saifuddin Faruqi Mujaddidi, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah d 1096AH buried Sarhand, India
  28. Hafiz Muhammad Mohsin, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
  29. Sayyid Nur Muhammad Badayuni, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah, d.1135AH
  30. Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah, d.1195AH
  31. Abdullah Dahlawi, alias Shah Ghulam Ali, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah, d.1240AH

Qadri chain[edit]

Extracted from Maqamat Mazhari by Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi[4]

Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi received the Qadri tariqah from Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan, who received it from Khwaja Muhammad Abid Sanaami, who received it from Shaykh Abdul Ahad Sirhindi, who received it from Shaykh Muhammad Saeed alias Khazin, who received it from Shaykh Ahmed Sirhindi, who received it from his father Shaykh Abdul Ahad Faruqi, who received it from Shaykh Shah Kamal Kethali, who received it from Shaykh Shah Fuzail, who received it from Shaykh Gada-e-Rahman Thani, who received it from Shaykh Sayyad Shamsuddin Arif, who received it from Shaykh Sayyad Gada-e-Rahman Awwal, who received it from Sayyad Shamsuddin Sehrai, who received it from Shaykh Sayyad Aqeel, who received it from Shaykh Sayyad Abdul-Wahhab, who received it from Shaykh Sayyad Sharfuddin, who received it from Shaykh Sayyad Abdur-Razzaq, who received it from Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani, who received it from Khwaja Abu Saeed Makhzumi, who received it from Khwaja Abul Hasan Qureshi, who received it from Khwaja Abul Farah Tartusi, who received it from Khwaja Abdul-Wahid Tamimi, who received it from Khwaja Abu Bakr Shibli, who received it from Khwaja Junaid Baghdadi, who received it from Khwaja Sirri Saqti, who received it from Khwaja Maroof Karkhi, who received it from Imam Ali Raza, who received it from Imam Musa Kazim, who received it from Imam Jafar Sadiq, who received it from Imam Muhammad Baqir, who received it from Imam Zain al-Abideen, who received it from Imam Hussain, who received it from Imam Hassan, who received it from Imam Ali al-Murtaza, who received it from Sayyidna Muhammad al-Mustafa.

Chishti chain[edit]

Extracted from Maqamat Mazhari by Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi[4]

Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi received the Chishti tariqah from Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan, who received it from Khwaja Muhammad Abid Sanaami, who received it from Shaykh Abdul Ahad Sirhindi, who received it from Shaykh Muhammad Saeed alias Khazin, who received it from Shaykh Ahmed Sirhindi, who received it from his father Shaykh Abdul Ahad Faruqi, who received it from Shaykh Ruknuddin, who received it from Shaykh Abdul Quddus Gangohi, who received it from Shaykh Muhammad Arif, who received it from Shaykh Ahmed Abdul-Haq, who received it from Shaykh Jalaluddin Pani-pati, who received it from Shaykh Shamsuddin Turk, who received it from Shaykh Alauddin Sabir Kaliyari, who received it from Shaykh Fariduddin Ganjshakar, who received it from Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki, who received it from Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti Ajmeri, who received it from Khwaja Usman Harooni, who received it from Haji Muhammad Sharif Zandani, who received it from Khwaja Modood Chishti, who received it from Khwaja Abu Yousuf Chishti, who received it from Khwaja Abu Ahmed Chishti, who received it from Khwaja Abu Muhammad Chishti, who received it from Khwaja Abu Ishaq Shami, who received it from Khwaja Mamshad Alu Dinori, who received it from Khwaja Habeera Basri, who received it from Khwaja Huzaifa Mar'asi, who received it from Ibrahim Bin Adham, who received it from Khwaja Fuzail Ayyaz, who received it from Khwaja Abdul-Wahid, who received it from Khwaja Hasan Basri, who received it from Sayyadna Ali al-Murtaza, who received it from Sayyidna Muhammad al-Mustafa.

His Khulafa[edit]

His Khulafa were numerous and many of them were prominent Shaykhs at their times. Following is a list of his most prominent Khulafa as extracted from various sources.[4]

  1. Mawlana Hafiz Abu Saeed Faruqi Mujaddidi Naqshbandi, his successor (Delhi)
  2. Mawlana Hafiz Shah Ahmed Saeed Faruqi Mujaddidi, son of Hafiz Abu Saeed (Medina)
  3. Shah Rauf Ahmed Raaft Faruqi Mujaddidi Rampuri (Bhopal)
  4. Mawlana Khalid al-Baghdadi al-Kurdi al-Rumi (Turkey)
  5. Mawlana Ismaeel Madani (Medina)
  6. Mawlana Ghulam Mohiuddin Qusoori (Qusoor)
  7. Mawlana Bashartullah Behra'ichi
  8. Mawlana Shah Gul Muhammad Ghaznavi (Bukhara)
  9. Mawlana Muhammad Sharif (Sirhind)
  10. Mawlana Pir Muhammad (Kashmir)
  11. Mawlana Jan Muhammad (Herat)
  12. Mawlana Muhammad Jan (Makkah, d.1266 AH), whose Khulafa spread up to Turkey

References[edit]

External links[edit]