Shah Mehmood Qureshi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Shah Mahmood Qureshi)
Jump to: navigation, search
Makhdoom Shah Mahmood Qureshi
(Urdu: مخدوم شاہ محمود قریشی‎)

MP
Msc 2009-Sunday, 11.00 - 12.30 Uhr-Zwez 003 Qureshi.jpg
Foreign Minister of Pakistan
In office
31 March 2008 – 9 February 2011
President Pervez Musharraf
Asif Ali Zardari
Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani
Preceded by Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri
Succeeded by Hina Rabbani Khar
Vice Chairman of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf
Incumbent
Assumed office
27 November 2011
Minister of Planning and Development of Punjab
In office
1990–1993
Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto
Governor Mian Muhammad Azhar
Constituency Multan
Member of the National Assembly of Pakistan
Incumbent
Assumed office
11 May 2013
President Mamnoon Hussain
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Constituency Multan
In office
March 2008 – November 2011
President Asif Ali Zardari
Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani
In office
March 2002 – December 2007
President Pervez Musharraf
Prime Minister Zafarullah Khan Jamali
Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain
Shaukat Aziz
Muhammad Mian Soomro
Personal details
Born (1956-06-22) 22 June 1956 (age 58)
Murree, Pakistan
Political party Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf flag.PNG Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (2011–present)
Other political
affiliations
Flag of IJI.svg Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (1988–1990)
Flag of PPP.pngPakistan Peoples Party (1990–2011)
Alma mater Aitchison College, Forman Christian College University
University of Cambridge
Profession Agriculturist/Politician
Religion Islam

Makhdoom Shah Mahmood Hussain Qureshi (Urdu: شاه محمود قریشی‎; born June 22, 1956) is an Pakistani politician, agriculturist and a parliamentarian who is currently serving as the Vice Chairman and deputy parliamentary leader of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf. Prior to that, he was the Foreign Minister of Pakistan and high-ranking member of the central executive committee of the Pakistan Peoples Party until being deposed by the central committee and the foreign ministry, on an issue involving the Raymond Davis affair, 9 February 2011.[1] Qureshi was elected a member of national assembly from NA-150 (Multan-III) and was the runner up from NA-228 (Mirpur Khas-III) and NA-148 (Multan-I) on 11 May 2013 on the ticket of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf.[2] Qureshi is also the current Sajjada Nashin and custodian of the Mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam[3] and of the Shrine (Darbar) of Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya.[4]

After earning a degree in law from the Cambridge University, his political career started in 1985 when he became member of Punjab assembly, between 1988 and 1993 he remained a member of Pakistan Muslim League and served as the provincial minister overseeing the portfolios of planning and development and finance. Joining Benazir Bhutto led PPP in 1993 and served as the state minister for parliamentary affairs till 1996. Between 1999 and 2007 Qureshi presided of the Punjab chapter of PPP. In 2008, He was appointed foreign minister by the PPP led collective leadership alliance containing the MQM, ANP and JUI-F formed after the 2008 general elections.[5] However in February 2011, Qureshi fell out with the central committee that led to his ouster by Prime minister Yousaf Raza Gillani, and by November 2011, Qureshi joined Imran Khan's populist Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf.[6] An agriculturalist by trade, Qureshi is also the president of the Farmers Association of Pakistan.

Early life[edit]

Family[edit]

Qureshi hails from a prominent religious and political family from Multan.He is married and has 3 children.He is the eldest son of Makhdoom Sajjad Hussain Qureshi. Sajjad Qureshi was a Sajjada Nashin for Mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam and the Darbar of Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya.[7] The elder Qureshi was also a prominent politician of the Pakistan People's Party under Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in the 1970s. Following the removal and hanging of Bhutto, Sajjad Hussain supported the presidency of General Zia-ul-Haq and served as the Governor of Punjab from December 1985 to December 1988 under Zia.[8]

Education[edit]

Qureshi received his early education from Aitchison College, Lahore. He received a Bachelor's degree in History from Forman Christian College. Qureshi also received a Master's degree in Law and Politics from University of Cambridge,(England) [9]

Political career[edit]

Qureshi was first elected to the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab from Multan in 1985, which were held on a non-party basis. He joined the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) under the leadership of Muhammad Khan Junejo in 1986.[8]

He joined the faction of PML led by Nawaz Sharif, which later became PML (N), when PML split in 1988 after the death of Zia-ul-Haq. He was re-elected to the Punjab Assembly from Multan in 1988. He served as the Minister of Planning and Development in the cabinet of Chief Minister Nawaz Sharif from November 1988 to August 1990.[8]

Qureshi served as the Minister of Finance in Chief Minister Nawaz Sharif's cabinet from 1990–1993. Qureshi parted ways with Nawaz Sharif in 1993 and joined the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) in 1993 under the leadership of Benazir Bhutto. He was elected to the National Assembly of Pakistan from Multan in the general elections of 1993, and served as the Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs under Prime Minister Bhutto. Qureshi was defeated in the 1997 general election by Makhdoom Javed Hashmi.

Qureshi served as the District Nazim of Multan from 2000 to 2002.[10] He won subsequent elections to the National Assembly from Multan in 2002 and 2008 as a member of the PPP. Benazir Bhutto made Qureshi the President of PPP in Punjab in 2006.[1]

Following the general election of 2008, Qureshi was a potential candidate for the Prime Minister of Pakistan in the coalition government headed by the PPP. However, given his political history prior to joining the PPP,[10] Qureshi was instead given the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs in the cabinet of Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani. He lost the portfolio of Foreign Minister in February 2011, following the Raymond Davis affair.[8] Qureshi opposed the PPP's pact with PML-Q, since he believed PML-Q to be indirectly involved in the killing of Benazir Bhutto.

Qureshi resigned from the PPP, as well as his National Assembly membership, in November 2011.[11] He has been in contact with both Pakistan Muslim League (N) and Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf to join one of these parties.[12] In a TV talk show Imran Khan confirmed that Shah Mahmood Qureshi would join the PTI rally on 27 November 2011 at Ghotki.

Minister of Foreign Affairs (2008–2011)[edit]

After taking charge of the office, Qureshi immediately made clear that he was committed to establishing peace in the region and that maintaining friendly ties with neighbouring India were amongst his top priorities.[13] Qureshi went on his first visit as foreign minister to China in October 2008 with Ahmad Mukhtar and President Asif Ali Zardari.[14] On his arrival back, he was given praise for his work. Qureshi has visited many countries as Foreign Minister and has been very busy explaining Pakistan's stance on the war on terror to the foreign world.

In 2011, Shah Mahmood Qureshi faced criticism in Pakistan when it was discovered that his son, Zain H. Qureshi, was working as a Legislative Fellow in the office of Sen. John Kerry [15]

In February 2011, the Government of Pakistan reduced the number of cabinet seats.[16] During this transition, Shah Mahmood Qureshi was offered the position of Minister of Water and Power. He declined, saying that he was "not interested in water and power ministry in place of foreign affairs."[17]

Joining Pakistan Tehreek-e Insaf[edit]

Following the Raymond Allen Davis incident where US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) agent was released without charge for murdering two men in Lahore, Shah Mahmood Qureshi was appointed to another ministry because of his stand on Raymond Davis case and due to which he subsequently resigned as Federal Minister of Pakistan.[18] On 27 November 2011 Qureshi announced his joining of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf in a rally in Ghotki, Sindh. He was appointed Vice Chairman of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf and member of the political strategy committee. He is considered as one of the top national politician not only in the party but as well as outside the party. He stated that the cause behind joining PTI was to bring about a revolution in Pakistan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Qureshi to revive PPP popularity in south Punjab". Daily Times. November 12, 2006. Retrieved 2011-11-15. 
  2. ^ http://www.nation.com.pk/pakistan-news-newspaper-daily-english-online/national/13-May-2013/qureshi-wins-na-150
  3. ^ Mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam "Multan City Online"
  4. ^ Mausoleum of Shah Bahauddin Zakaria "Multan City Online"
  5. ^ Amir Wasim, "Parties finally clinch deal on key ministries" Dawn Newspaper, March 29, 2008
  6. ^ Imran Khan "Who is Imran Khan"
  7. ^ "Qureshi has bigger stature than Imran in S Punjab, Sindh". The Nation. 2011-11-15. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Qureshi’s departure: dent in PPP unrealistic". Daily Times. 2011-11-15. 
  9. ^ Romero, Frances (29 December 2008). "Two-Minute Bio Shah Mahmood Qureshi:". Time. 
  10. ^ a b "2008 WikiLeaks cable: Tariq Aziz advises Zardari against Shah Mahmood’s PM candidacy". Dawn. 2008-02-28. Retrieved 2011-11-15. 
  11. ^ http://www.geo.tv/11-14-2011/88844.htm
  12. ^ "Pakistan wants Aafia freed if US demands release of Davis: Babar". Daily Times. Daily Times. Retrieved 15 February 2011. 
  13. ^ Qureshi for friendly ties with India Hindustan Times, April 02, 2008
  14. ^ Seeking Funds, Pakistan Turns to 'Strong' Ally China by Shai Oster and Jason Leow, Wall Street Journal, October 15, 2008
  15. ^ "Pakistani press spins conspiracy theory about Kerry intern". Boston Globe. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  16. ^ "Pakistan to make decision on smaller cabinet today". February 4, 2011. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  17. ^ "‘Qureshi was offered water & power ministry’". Dawn. Dawn. February 13, 2011. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  18. ^ http://tribune.com.pk/story/291654/shah-mehmood-qureshi-resigns-from-ppp-national-assembly/

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Inam-ul-Haq
Minister of Foreign Affairs
2008–2011
Succeeded by
Hina Rabbani Khar