Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz

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Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز
SCU Ahvaz logo.png
Seal of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Motto Former Jondishapur
(جندی شاپور سابق)
Established 1955
Type Public
President Hassan Morovati
Academic staff 870 (2013)
Students 20373 (2013)[1]
Undergraduates 15088 (2013)
Postgraduates 5285 (2013)
Location Ahvaz, Khuzestan, Iran
Campus two main Urban and 5 dependent campus out of Ahvaz
Website www.scu.ac.ir

Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz is a major Iranian university in Ahvaz, Khuzestan, Iran.

The campus today has 276 acres (1.12 km2) and houses 13 colleges. In 2010, 4798 students were enrolled.[1]

History[edit]

After Shapur the First, the Sassanid King, conquered the Roman Emperor, he commanded the Roman POWs to build a new town in a location that was 18 Kilometers south-east of the present Dezful city. That town was named Veh-Andiv i Shapur, meaning “city of Shapur, better than Antakiyy-e[1]”. From the beginning, Veh-andiv was then called Gondi Shapur (meaning the city of Shapur), was a focal point for scientists and academics. Many of the Roman texts were transferred to Gondi Shapur and translated into Pahlavi language, and were kept in collections. In the 5th century A.D., a university and a hospital were established in Gondi Shapur that were functional up to 3rd century A.H. In these institutions scientists and medical practitioners cultivated and used experiences of different nations like Iranian, Indian, Greek, and Alexandrian medicine. In Anoushirvan’s reign, research activities were fostered in Gondi Shapur and the city gained fame in the world. Medicine, Philosophy, Mathematics, Theology, Music, Political sciences and Agriculture were among the branches of learning dealt with in Gondishapur University. It is said that many scientists from Iranian and Indian nationalities were employed there. Some medical texts were translated into Pahlavi and were taught in the university. These books were then translated into Arabic in later times. Crusaders then took these books to Europe, where they were translated again into Latin, and then, in 15th to 20th century, into French and English to be taught in European universities. In Gondi Shapur Hospital Iranian, Indian and Greek medical treatments were applied, and it is said that the first medical symposium was held there in 550 A.D.

By the fall of the Sassanid dynasty, Gondi Shapur University and Hospital lost their financial support. Later on, by establishment of a new hospital in Baghdad, the academics and practitioners emigrated to Baghdad from Gondi Shapur. Therefore, the ancient Gondi Shapur University was defunct after four centuries of superb performance.

After 15 centuries, in 1955 (1334 A. H.), the first nucleus of rebirth of Gondi Shapur University in the modern era was set by establishment of a college of Agriculture in Ahvaz. This college grew up to be one of the most important institutions of its kind in the country. Other colleges and schools were established thereafter, and the university, now named Jundi Shapur University, expanded rapidly.

By the victory of Islamic Revolution in Iran, in 1978, a new era was started in the country. The start of the war between Iraq and Iran immediately after therevolution, and the succeeding turbulent conditions affected the general stability of the university. In 1982 the university was renamed after martyrdom of Dr Chamran, the date commander in chief of a group of a guerrilla battalion, that was based in Jundi Shapur University campus. The university was closed in those days due to war conditions in the area.

[1] . Antakiyy-e was the capital city of Eastern Rome country located by the Mediterranean Sea

Another note on history[edit]

In 1955, the first nucleus of the modern university was established as a revival of the ancient Academy of Gondeshapur (which was in the same area) with the founding of a college of Agriculture in Ahvaz. The college grew to become one of the most important institutions of its kind in the country. The university was hence correspondingly named Jundi Shapur University. By 1969, the School of Agriculture of the institute was recognised as the best school of its kind in Middle East.

The revolution of Iran in 1978 and the succeeding turbulent conditions of the Iran–Iraq War detrimentally affected the general stability of the university.

In 1982 the university was renamed to "Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz" to commemorate Mostafa Chamran. Chamran was the then commander in chief of a battalion that was stationed on the Jundi Shapur University campus. The university was closed in those days due to the war conditions in the area.

In 1986, under national legislation, the Schools of Medicine, Health, Dental, Nursing, and Pharmacy, separated off into an independent Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, operated under the supervision of the new Ministry of Health and Medical Education.

Soon after the founding of Jondishapur University, Dr. Tal'at Basāri was appointed vice chancellor of the university, the first woman to reach such a post in any university in Iran.

Faculties[edit]

Faculty of Science
Faculty of Engineering
Faculty of Literature
Faculty of Agriculture
Faculty of Veterinary
Faculty of Physical Education
Faculty of Education and Psychology
Faculty of Mathematics and Statistics
Faculty of Water Science Engineering
Faculty of Shushtar Education College
Faculty of Theology and Islamic Thought
Faculty of Economic and social sciences
Faculty of Ecology and Natural Resource (Behbahan)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Piyrnia, Mansoureh. Salar Zanana Iran. 1995. Maryland: Mehran Iran Publishing.
  • Gholamali Rahnavard, Chief Information Officer at Shahid Chamran University, 2009

External links[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.cua.ac.ir/about/Statistics.htm