Shahrekord

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For the administrative subdivision, see Shahrekord County.
Shahrekord
شهركرد
Ancient names: Dezh Gord, Deh Kord
city
شهرکرد.png
Nickname(s): The city of kindness, Bam e Iran (Roof of Iran)
Shahrekord is located in Iran
Shahrekord
Shahrekord
Shahrekord in Iran
Coordinates: 32°19′32″N 50°51′52″E / 32.32556°N 50.86444°E / 32.32556; 50.86444Coordinates: 32°19′32″N 50°51′52″E / 32.32556°N 50.86444°E / 32.32556; 50.86444
Country  Iran
Province Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari
County Shahrekord
Bakhsh Central
Elevation 2,070 m (6,790 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 148,464
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Shahrekord (Persian: شهركرد‎, also Romanized as Shahr-e Kord and Shahr Kord[1]) is the capital city of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province, Iran. It is the largest city in the province, and is adjacent to Iran's third largest city of Isfahan. At the time of the 2006 census, Shahrekord had a population of about 148,464 and the Shahrekord metropolitan area had a population of 380,312.[2]
Shahrekord is famous for its natural beauty of the landscape, cold winters, waterfalls and rivers. Sharekord is the Iran’s highest capital city at 2,070 m (6,790 ft) above the sea level. This led to be known as “Roof of Iran”. Shahrekord is about 100 km (62 mi) from Iran's third largest city of Isfahan and 521 km (324 mi) from Tehran.

Its weather is dry, cold in winter and mild in summer. The town has a ski resort (Bardeh) located about 35 km (22 mi) away and several natural lagoons and small lakes for outdoor relaxation.

Name[edit]

Name of the city in Kurdish and Persian means the city of Kurds. The previous name of Sharekord was Deh kord but after 1935 it is called Shahrekord. Long years ago before Islamic period it had been called Dezh Gord (دژگرد). The word Dezh (دژ) means fortress and the word Gord (گرد) means "Hero". After Muslim conquest of Persia and supremacy of the Arabic language, its name was changed to Deh kord (دهکرد) because arabic alphabet lacks the letters “zh” (ژ) and “g” (گ)l.[3] There are some similar military zones such as Chamgordan, Boroujerd and Dezful which were being called as Chamgord, Borougord and Dezhpol before Muslim conquest of Persia.

People[edit]

Currently, people living in Shahrekord are of three backgrounds: Bakhtiari, Qashqai and indigenous Persian speakers of Shahrekord.The People Of Shahr-e-kord speak Persian.Shahrekord is assumed to be first developed by nomadic farmers because it encompasses vast meadows and several springs. Deh Kord was gradually founded by the immigrants from Isfahan, its suburbs, and the villages around Shahrekord, most of whom started to run businesses such as agriculture, horticulture, hat making, felt making, oil and wool trading, and other industries.

Geography[edit]

Mellat Park is the largest park in shahrekord

Shahrekord is located about 90 km (56 mi) southwest of Isfahan and 512 km (318 mi) of Tehran. It is topographically situated in the north of the Zagros Mountains. Being located 2,070 m (6,790 ft) above the sea level, Shahrekord is the most elevated among the centers of the provinces of Iran, known as the Roof of Iran.

Climate[edit]

Shahrekord enjoys a cold semi-arid climate (BSk, according to the Köppen climate classification) with hot summer days, mild summer nights, cool winter days and cold winter nights. The annual average temperature in Shahrekord is about 5.11°C but the minimum and maximum absolute temperatures recorded in Shahrekord during the last 30 years have been -32°C and 42°C,[citation needed] respectively. December is the coldest month and July is the hottest month. Although the humidity level is moderate or high in winter, the amount of rainfall is close to zero in planting seasons, except for April and May.

Climate data for Shahrekord
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
7.4
(45.3)
13.0
(55.4)
18.5
(65.3)
24.9
(76.8)
31.6
(88.9)
34.3
(93.7)
33.6
(92.5)
30.0
(86)
23.1
(73.6)
15.3
(59.5)
8.5
(47.3)
20.4
(68.7)
Average low °C (°F) −8
(18)
−5.2
(22.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
4.1
(39.4)
7.6
(45.7)
10.6
(51.1)
14.5
(58.1)
13.0
(55.4)
8.0
(46.4)
3.6
(38.5)
−0.1
(31.8)
−4.4
(24.1)
3.6
(38.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 60.9
(2.398)
50.3
(1.98)
56.9
(2.24)
42.8
(1.685)
14.6
(0.575)
0.7
(0.028)
1.8
(0.071)
0.5
(0.02)
0.0
(0)
8.7
(0.343)
32.8
(1.291)
59.9
(2.358)
329.9
(12.989)
Avg. precipitation days 8.5 7.4 8.5 7.3 4.5 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.0 2.6 5.3 7.2 52.7
Source: World Meteorological Organisation

Business and Industry[edit]

  • PAK PAY CO founded in Shahrekord in 1991, is a dairy factory which produces pasteurized milk, flavored milk, cheese and yogurt. In 1996, Pak Dairy Co bought approximately 99% of company's stock.

Education[edit]

There are three universities in the city of Sharekord, the most popular being the Shahrekord University(SKU) with 5,713 students. The other universities are Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences (SKUMS) with 1,690 students and Islamic Azad University of Shahrekord Branch(IAUSHK) with 7,400 students.

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shahrekord can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3084174" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ http://www.tebyan-chb.ir/Tebyan/ostan/about-ostan/ostan.aspx
  4. ^ http://www.farsnews.com/newstext.php?nn=13900612000453

External links[edit]