Shaikh Ayaz

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Shaikh Ayaz
شيخ اياز
Portrait of a legendry Sindhi poet Shaikh Ayaz.jpg
Born Mubarak Ali Shaikh
(1923-03-23)March 23, 1923
Shikarpur Sindh, British India
Died December 28, 1997(1997-12-28)
Karachi, buried at Bhit Shah
Pen name "Ayaz"
Occupation Poet, vice chancellor of Sindh University
Nationality Pakistani
Ethnicity Sindhi
Genres Aesthetic
Literary movement Progressive movement
Notable work(s) Urdu translation of Shah Jo Risalo
Notable award(s) Sitara-i-Imtiaz

Shaikh Ayaz (Sindhi: شيخ اياز) born Mubarak Ali Shaikh (Sindhi: مبارڪ علي شيخ) on 23 March 1923 -died 28 December 1997, was one of the prominent Sindhi poets of Pakistan.[1][2] His poetry brought new trends into Sindhi literature.[3][4][5][6] He was awarded Sitara-i-Imtiaz for his literary works.

Early life[edit]

Ayaz was born on March 3, 1923 in Shikarpur, Sindh. He was a lawyer but he also served as the vice chancellor of Sindh University.[1]

Literary career[edit]

Ayaz's work brings together different and discordant elements. In one of his early poems he writes of two deities from classical India: Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge and music sitting together with Kali, the goddess of blood and violence, the two of them sipping nectar in a moon-lit temple. "How have the two come together?" the poem contemplates and then comes up with the answer: perhaps a great poet has been born.

Ayaz is one of the major voices in twentieth century poetry.[7] His literary career spanned almost six decades and covered a wide range of poetry and prose forms, ranging from the traditional bait, wa'i,nazm,"azad nazm" and ghazal to plays in verse, prose poems and musings, extending to short fiction, memoirs and journals, polemical and literary essays, news articles, editorials, and a projected novel.

He wrote short stories, novel, essays, poetry, travelogues, diaries, an autobiography and the translation of Shah Jo Risalo in Urdu. He also composed poetry in Urdu and two of his anthologies, "Booye Gul, Nala-i-dil" and "Neel Kanth Aur Neem Ke Pate" were highly acclaimed.[7] He portrayed the miseries of suffering humanity, the sorrows of the deprived and the wretched conditions of the exploited masses who had been suffering at the hands of an unjust system for centuries.

Through his poetry, Shaikh Ayaz battled against the military dictatorship of Ayub Khan. During the anti-One Unit campaign one of his poems "Sindhri taan sir ker na deendo, sanhando ker mayar (Is there anybody who will not sacrifice his head for Sindh, and be ashamed of it)", became very popular among the people of Sindh and subsequently its broadcast was banned from Radio Pakistan. He was banned for a number of times from cities and towns where he was to participate in Mushairas. Three of his anthologies—Bhounr Bhare Akas, Kulhe Patam Keenaro and Je Kak Kakoriya Kapri— drew sharp criticism from fundamentalists and the government denounced them.

He wrote against tyrannical rulers and the wars they waged. During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, he wrote a poem about progressive Sindhi poet Suragwasi Narain Shayam, who had migrated to India after independence.

Ayaz's poetry played a major role in the development of progressive thinking in the country, particularly in Sindh. He was the very imprint of Shah Latif's mystic poetry and will always be remembered as a great humanist and artist.



In Sindhi

  • Bhounr Bhare Akas
  • Kulhe Patam Keenaro
  • Je Kak Kakoriya Kapri
  • jaki bbejal bbolyo
  • uthi aour allah seen
  • pan chhann pujjannan
  • nim ji chhanw aggy khan ghhati

In Urdu

  • Booye Gul, Nala-i-dil
  • Neel Kanth Aur Neem Ke Pate

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Death anniversary of Shaikh Ayaz on December 28". Radio Govt Pakistan. 2012-12-28. Retrieved 2012-12-30. 
  2. ^ "Shaikh Ayaz’s play ‘Bhagat Singh’ pulls crowds back to stage". Daily Dawn. 2012-03-04. Retrieved 2012-12-30. 
  3. ^ The leading contemporary poet, Western Illinois University, Tennessee State University. College of Business. The Journal of Developing Areas volume 5 issue 1-4. Google Retrieved 2012-12-30. 
  4. ^ Girglani, Jethro Mangaldas (2007). Immortal poetry of Shaikh Ayaz. Shah Abdul Latif University. 
  5. ^ Das, Sisir Kumar (1995). History of Indian Literature: .1911-1956, struggle for freedom : triumph and tragedy. Sahitya Akademi. p. 189. ISBN 978-81-7201-798-9. 
  6. ^ "The era of modernism gave birth to a new renaissance in 1946, with Shaikh Ayaz (1923-97) becoming its torch-bearer." Adle, Chahryar; Madhavan K. Palat, Anara Tabyshalieva. Towards the contemporary period: from the mid-nineteenth to the end of the twentieth century, Volume 6. Multiple history series History of civilizations of Central Asia, Vadim Mikhaĭlovich Masson 6. UNESCO. p. 901. ISBN 978-92-3-103985-0. 
  7. ^ a b "Death anniversary of Shaikh Ayaz observed". The Frontier Post. 2012-12-29. Retrieved 2012-12-30. 

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