Shake It Off (Taylor Swift song)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Shake It Off"
Single by Taylor Swift
from the album 1989
Released August 18, 2014 (2014-08-18)
Format
Recorded February 15, 2014 (2014-02-15)
Genre Pop
Length 3:39
Label Big Machine
Writer(s)
Producer(s)
  • Max Martin
  • Shellback
Taylor Swift singles chronology
  • "Shake It Off"
  • (2014)
Music video
"Shake It Off" on YouTube

"Shake It Off" is a song recorded by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift for her fifth studio album, 1989 (2014). Written by Swift, Max Martin and Shellback, it is an uptempo pop track and features a departure from Swift's earlier country pop musical style. "Shake It Off" is the sixth track on the album and serves as the lead single. The song premiered during a Yahoo! live stream session on August 18, 2014; its music video was also released the same day. Several hours later, the song was made available for digital download.

"Shake It Off" received mostly positive reviews from music critics, who praised its musical style. Meanwhile, the music video received mixed reception, and was additionally criticized for a scene which involved twerking. "Shake It Off" debuted at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart for the week ending September 6, 2014, becoming Swift's second number-one single in the United States and the 22nd song to debut at number one in the chart's history.[1] The song won Favorite Song at the 2015 People's Choice Awards, and also received nominations for Record of the Year, Song of the Year and Best Pop Solo Performance at the 2015 Grammy Awards.[2][3]

Release[edit]

Swift began teasing about an announcement in August 2014. On August 4, she posted a video on Instagram in which she pushes the number 18 in an elevator.[4] On August 6, she tweeted an image of the time 5:00 and the next day a screenshot from a Yahoo! homepage.[5] She later confirmed on August 13, 2014 on The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon that a Yahoo! live stream session would take place on August 18, 2014 at 5pm. During the live stream, Swift announced her upcoming fifth album and premiered its lead single.[6]

Composition[edit]

"Shake It Off" was written by Swift, Martin and Shellback.[7] Produced by Martin and Shellback,[8] the song's duration is three minutes and thirty-nine seconds.[9] Musically, "Shake It Off" is an uptempo pop song—the tempo is 160 beats per minute[10]—that exists outside of the traditional country pop musical style of Swift's previous releases.[11] Swift's vocal range spans one octave and four notes from G3 to D5.[12] The song's arrangement features a saxophone.[13]

Jason Lipshutz from Billboard compared the song's melody to that of Macklemore & Ryan Lewis' song "Thrift Shop" (2013).[14] A writer from Music Times likened the song to Pharrell Williams' "Happy" (2013).[15] Writing for The Hollywood Reporter, Shirley Halperin labelled "Shake It Off" "an uptempo version" of Idina Menzel's "Let It Go" (2013).[7]

Lyrically, the song is dedicated to Swift's detractors. She has discussed this, saying, "I’ve learned a pretty tough lesson that people can say whatever they want about us at any time, and we cannot control that. The only thing we can control is our reaction to that."[16] In an interview for Rolling Stone, Swift elaborated:

I've had every part of my life dissected—my choices, my actions, my words, my body, my style, my music. When you live your life under that kind of scrutiny, you can either let it break you, or you can get really good at dodging punches. And when one lands, you know how to deal with it. And I guess the way that I deal with it is to shake it off.[17]

In an October 2014 NPR interview, Swift spoke about the lyrical message of the song in relation to her previous work and a desire to reclaim the "narrative":

With the song 'Shake It Off,' I really wanted to kind of take back the narrative, and have more of a sense of humor about people who kind of get under my skin — and not let them get under my skin. There's a song that I wrote a couple years ago called "Mean," where I addressed the same issue but I addressed it very differently. I said, "Why you gotta be so mean?," from kind of a victimized perspective, which is how we all approach bullying or gossip when it happens to us for the first time. But in the last few years I've gotten better at just kind of laughing off things that absolutely have no bearing on my real life. I think it's important to be self-aware about what people are saying about you, but even more so, be very aware of who you actually are, and to have that be the main priority.[18]

Critical reception[edit]

"Shake It Off" received generally positive reviews from music critics. Lipshutz wrote that Swift "proves why she belongs among pop's queen bees: As you may have guessed, the song sounds like a surefire hit".[14] Tarynn Law from The 405 praised the track and characterized the song's hook as "poppy" and "catchy".[8] Halperin gave the song a positive review, describing it as "pop-tastic."[7] Alice Vincent from The Daily Telegraph also positively reviewed the song, noting it as "a catchy, upbeat track."[19] The Guardian‍‍ '​‍s Molly Fitzpatrick also found that the song is catchy but does not show off Swift's writing talent.[20]

The Los Angeles Times‍‍ '​‍s critic Randall Roberts called the song "a perfect pop confection" however noting it "presents an artist gunning for sly transgression but instead landing on tone-deaf, self-absorbed teen regression, with music to match the vibe."[21] Writing for The Daily Beast, Kevin Fallon found "this new direction of her career is woefully depressing." While he admitted "Shake It Off" is "a great pop song", he said it is "the least musically interesting song that Swift has done" and "it's not personal, at least not in the ways we expect from a Taylor Swift song." Fallon deplored Swift's transition to pop in which he felt she "abandoned her sound" in the process.[22]

It received nominations for Record of the Year, Song of the Year and Best Pop Solo Performance at the 57th Grammy Awards. In January 2015, The Village Voice named "Shake It Off" the fourth-best song of 2014 in their annual Pazz & Jop critics' poll, with Swift's following single "Blank Space" at number three on the same poll.[23]

Chart performance[edit]

A day following its impact on US radio stations, "Shake It Off" gained an audience of nine million.[24] The song debuted at 45 on the Billboard Radio Songs chart with 29 million in all-format audience.[25] It debuted on the Mainstream Top 40 chart at number 12, tying it with Mariah Carey's "Dreamlover" (1993) as the highest chart debut.[26] "Shake It Off" became her third number-one song there, following her 2013 hit "I Knew You Were Trouble", which remained No. 1 for seven consecutive weeks.[27] The single debuted at number nine on the Billboard Adult Top 40 chart, becoming the highest debut single on the chart. On its sixth week, the song became her second No. 1 on the Adult Top 40 chart since her 2013 hit "I Knew You Were Trouble", tying it with Celine Dion's "Because You Loved Me" (1996) as the fastest song to reached No. 1 in just six weeks.[28] The song debuted at number 58 on the Country Airplay chart, though only two country stations played the song more than four times.[26] It spent only one week on the chart.[29] Billboard noted that its presence on the chart was unusual due to its sound and Swift's acknowledged transition from country to pop music.[26] On the Radio Songs chart, the song became Swift's third number-one song there, following her 2013 hit "I Knew You Were Trouble". "Shake It Off" has spent four non-consecutive weeks at No. 1 on the Digital Songs chart.[27]

"Shake It Off" debuted atop the US Billboard Hot 100 chart, becoming the 22nd song to do so.[30] It produced first-week digital sales of 544,000 units for the chart issue dated September 6, 2014, the largest debut sales week for a single of 2014, and the fourth overall, following Flo Rida's "Right Round", Swift's "We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together" and Katy Perry's "Roar". During that week, "Shake It Off" additionally garnered 18.4 million streams and 71 million airplay audiences.[1] The song remained at number one for the second week selling 355,000 copies.[31] "Shake It Off" then dropped down to number two, where it stayed for eight consecutive weeks, before returning to number one on November 15, 2014, when 1989 was released and debuted at number one the same week. In total, "Shake It Off" spent 24 non-consecutive weeks in the top 10 of the Billboard Hot 100, in which four were spent at number one. By spending 24 weeks in the top 10 between August 2014 and February 2015, "Shake It Off" is Swift's longest reign in the top 10. The song has became the #13 song of 2014 on Billboard Year End Chart. The song was certified 4X platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) on November 20, 2014.[32] The song became the eighth best-selling song of 2014 in the United States with 3.43 million copies sold in that year,[33] and as of February 2015, the song has sold over 4,000,000 copies in the United States.[34][35][36][37]

"Shake It Off" became Swift's third number one in Canada selling 48,000 copies in its first week, following "We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together", after debuting at number one; it is her third song to do so, tying her with Eminem and Katy Perry for the most songs to debut at number one on the chart.[38] By the year's end, it had sold 341,000 copies in Canada.[39] "Shake It Off" gave Swift her sixth top ten hit in the United Kingdom when it debuted at number four on the UK Singles Chart,[40] and has since peaked at number two, tying with "Love Story" and "I Knew You Were Trouble" as her highest-charting single in the country. It sold 570,000 copies in the UK by 20 November 2014,[41] and it became the eleventh best-selling song of 2014 in the UK.[42] In Ireland, the song jumped at number three on its second week after debuting at number 14, became Swift's fifth top ten.[43]

In Australia, it debuted at number five on the Australian Singles Chart, the highest debut of the week, and on its second week it rose to the number-one spot, making it Swift's second single to top the chart after her 2009 hit "Love Story".[44] "Shake It Off" spent a third week at No. 1 on the Australian Singles Chart making Swift's longest run on Australia since "Love Story".[45] The single has been certified 5× Platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) for shipments of over 350,000 copies.[46] In New Zealand, it debuted at number two, the highest debut of the week, and on its second week it rose to the number-one spot, making it Swift's second single to top the chart after her 2012 hit "We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together".[47] On its fifth week "Shake It Off" spent two non-consecutive weeks at No. 1 on the New Zealand Singles Chart making Swift's longest run on New Zealand since "We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together".[48]

Music video[edit]

The music video for "Shake It Off" references the styles of multiple pop musicians, including Lady Gaga (pictured)

The music video, directed by Mark Romanek, was released on August 18, 2014, the same day as the song's release.[49] It was shot in June 2014, over three days in Los Angeles.[17] Swift talked about the making of the video:

It was so much fun. I woke up every day of that shoot and couldn't wait to get to set. We had twerking, which was so funny. Those girls were trying to teach me how, and it's just never gonna happen. I tried really hard. They were teaching me what they do, and there's like a science to it – they're like digging their heels into the floor without you seeing their legs move, but their butts' moving. It's mind-blowing to me. They were explaining it all to me, and it's so above my comprehension of how to understand your body.[17]

According to Music Times, the video features Swift "embracing her inner dorky dancer by submerging herself with some of the world's best dancers in the styles of hip hop, lyrical, ballet, jazz and even cheerleader."[15] The Guardian‍ '​s Sean Michaels also noted the accompaniment of "twerkers" in the clip.[49] "Shake It Off" music video also features Swift's fans, who had written fan letters or posted on Twitter and Instagram.[50] Critics also noted references to Lady Gaga and Skrillex in the clip.[11][17][51] Hugh McIntyre from Forbes noted the references to Gaga, Skrillex, Fergie and Gwen Stefani in "Shake It Off" video, further writing that it is "quirky and hard to dislike."[52] Analyzing the video, VH1 noticed resemblances to Beyoncé's "Mine" video.[53]

The video received mixed reviews from music critics. Brian Mansfield of the Chicago Sun-Times called the video "chirpy".[54] Direct Lyrics provided a positive review saying the video is "certainly a fun one and it catches rather well the rebellious and care-free spirit of the new Taylor single."[55] Fitzpatrick of The Guardian wrote: "The incongruent blend of modern dance, ballet, and breakdancing is fun, but the conceit falls flat."[20] HitFix deemed the video "ill-timed" due to the current race relations debate around the Ferguson riots while Jezebel described it as a "cringe-worthy mess".[56][57]

The clip was additionally criticized for its reference to twerking, with "the scenes of her twerking and breakdancing (or trying to) takes signifiers of black culture and uses them as a form of entertainment or mockery".[58] Writing for Salon, Prachi Gupta opined the video is "uncomfortable" explaining that "the image of Swift dressed as a caricature of a black woman is jarring." Gupta concluded: "if Swift wants to be a lasting pop star, her career will be served best not by imitation, but by creating something new."[59] Romanek defended his work stating: "We simply choose styles of dance that we thought would be popular and amusing, and cast the best dancers that were presented to us without much regard to race or ethnicity". He also stated: "If you look at it carefully, it's a massively inclusive piece, it's very, very innocently and positively intentioned. And — let's remember — it's a satirical piece. It's playing with a whole range of music video tropes and cliches and stereotypes."[60][61][62]

As of May 2015, the video has received over 810 million views on YouTube, and is the fourteenth most viewed video on the site.[63]

Live performances[edit]

Swift performed "Shake It Off" for the first time live at the 2014 MTV Video Music Awards on August 24, 2014,[64] wearing a shimmering silver two-piece with a crew of male dancers in suits and female dancers in matching charcoal-colored outfits.[65] Swift also performed the song at the 2014 German Radio Awards on September 4, 2014.[66] Swift also performed the song live at the iHeartRadio Music Festival on September 19, 2014.[67]

Triple J Hottest 100 controversy[edit]

Following a 13 January 2015 article on BuzzFeed titled "Why Isn’t Everyone Voting For 'Shake It Off' In The Hottest 100?" by Mark Di Stefano, the "#Tay4Hottest100" hashtag campaign began during the voting period for Triple J Hottest 100 radio poll for 2014. The campaign led to a significant amount of media coverage as Australian music fans debated the merits of Swift's inclusion in the poll, including the potential for a number-one ranking. According to those critical of the campaign, the Hottest 100 is reserved for non-mainstream artists who were "discovered or fostered by Triple J." and provides valuable exposure for artists in the outer circles of the music industry.[68][69] Accusations of cultural elitism surfaced during the campaign, with the Guardian‍ '​s Elle Hunt writing: "the virulent response to #Tay4Hottest100 has revealed the persistence of a dichotomy I’d thought we’d thrown out long ago: that of high art versus low."[70][71]

Station manager Chris Scaddan told the media that the Swift campaign is within the rules of the poll, later instructing Triple J employees not to comment to "media, friends, family" about the campaign, as "it will all become clear when we get to the countdown next Monday." The station said: "we don’t comment on voting campaigns whilst Hottest 100 voting is open. It draws attention to them and may influence the results of the poll."[72] Marketing website Mumbrella suggested on 20 January that a Facebook post by KFC incorporating the "#Tay4Hottest100" hashtag was against the Hottest 100 rules and could see Swift disqualified.[73] Also on 20 January, the Guardian submitted a freedom of information request to the ABC in regard to the station's response to the campaign.[74]

After journalist Peter Vincent reported that the Swift campaign had "swallowed" the Hottest 100 for 2014, citing research from the University of Queensland that showed that over 7,341 Hottest 100 posts in a 30-day period leading up to the poll results related to Swift, "Shake It Off" was eventually disqualified by the radio station in an announcement on 26 January 2015. The official announcement read: "it became pretty clear, pretty quick that a lot of people just wanted to prod some ‘hipsters’ for the lulz", acknowledging that the station "had a heap of fun", while Swift is "smart", "cool" and "successful". The song would have placed in the number 12 position if it had been allowed to compete.[75][76]

Track listings[edit]

Credits and personnel[edit]

Credits are adapted from liner notes of 1989.[80]

Charts[edit]

Certifications and sales[edit]

Region Certification Sales/shipments
Australia (ARIA)[46] 6× Platinum 420,000^
Canada 341,000[39]
Germany (BVMI)[143] Gold 200,000^
Italy (FIMI)[144] Platinum 30,000double-dagger
Japan (RIAJ)[145] Gold 100,000^
Mexico (AMPROFON)[146] Platinum 60,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[147] 3× Platinum 45,000*
Sweden (GLF)[148] Platinum 40,000x
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[149] Gold 15,000x
United Kingdom (BPI)[150] Platinum 600,000double-dagger
United States (RIAA)[151] 7× Platinum 4,000,000^
Streaming
Denmark (IFPI Denmark)[152] Gold 1,300,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone
double-daggersales/streaming figures based on certification alone

dagger Since May 2013 RIAA certifications for digital singles include on-demand audio and/or video song streams in addition to downloads.[153]

Release history[edit]

Country Date Format Label Ref.
Belgium August 18, 2014 Digital download Big Machine [82]
France August 19, 2014 Universal [154]
United States Big Machine [77]
[155]
Contemporary hit radio
[156]
United Kingdom August 25, 2014 Big Machine [157]
United States September 11, 2014 CD single [78]
Germany October 10, 2014 Universal [79]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Trust, Gray (August 27, 2014). "Taylor Swift's 'Shake It Off' Debuts At No. 1 On Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved August 27, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Grammy nominations: Beyoncé, Sam Smith, Taylor Swift, Iggy Azalea and more". Washington Post. 
  3. ^ "Sam Smith, Pharrell, Taylor Swift Lead 2015 People’s Choice Nominations". CBS Chicago. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 13 March 2015. 
  4. ^ Newman, Melinda (August 4, 2014). "Taylor Swift drops hints about her new album...we think". HitFix. Retrieved August 18, 2014. 
  5. ^ Strecker, Erin (August 7, 2014). "Taylor Swift Drops Two More Clues About New Music". Billboard. Retrieved August 18, 2014. 
  6. ^ Payne, Chris (August 18, 2014). "Taylor Swift Reveals New Album Title, Release Date & 'Shake It Off' Video". Billboard. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c Lee, Ashley (August 18, 2014). "Taylor Swift Drops 'Shake It Off' Single, Announces Album". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Law, Tarynn (August 18, 2014). "'Shake It Off' | New Music". The 405. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  9. ^ "1989 – Album". iTunes Store (US). Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Tap for Beats Per Minute BPM". 
  11. ^ a b Wood, Mikael (August 18, 2014). "Listen: Taylor Swift releases 'Shake It Off,' from new album '1989'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Shake It Off By Taylor Swift - Digital Sheet Music". 
  13. ^ "Taylor Swift's 'Shake it Off' could become her second no. 1 single on Billboard". AXS. 
  14. ^ a b Lipshutz, Jason (August 18, 2014). "Taylor Swift's Shake It Off: Single Review". Billboard. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "Taylor Swift Live Stream". Music Times. August 18, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  16. ^ Feeney, Nolan (August 18, 2014). "Watch Taylor Swift Show Off Her Dance Moves in New ‘Shake It Off’ Video". Time. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  17. ^ a b c d Kreps, Daniel (August 18, 2014). "Taylor Swift Dismisses the Haters in New Song 'Shake It Off'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  18. ^ Melissa Block (31 October 2014). "'Anything That Connects': A Conversation With Taylor Swift" (AUDIO UPLOAD AND TRANSCRIPT). NPR. NPR. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  19. ^ Vincent, Alice (August 18, 2014). "Taylor Swift's new single Shake It Off shakes up pop music". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  20. ^ a b Fitzpatrick, Molly (August 19, 2014). "Taylor Swift's Shake it Off video falls flat". The Guardian. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  21. ^ Roberts, Randall (August 20, 2014). "Critic's Notebook Taylor Swift's catchy, tone-deaf 'Shake It Off'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 21, 2014. 
  22. ^ Fallon, Kevin (August 18, 2014). "Taylor Swift's 'Shake It Off' Is Disappointing". The Daily Beast. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  23. ^ "Pazz & Jop critics' poll of 2014". 
  24. ^ Trust, Gray (August 19, 2014). "Taylor Swift Turns Radio On With 'Shake It Off'". Billboard. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  25. ^ Trust, Gary (August 20, 2014). "Ariana Grande, Iggy Azalea Triple Up In Hot 100's Top 10, MAGIC! Still No. 1". Billboard. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  26. ^ a b c Trust, Gary (August 25, 2014). "Taylor Swift's 'Shake It Off' Makes Record Start At Radio". Billboard. Retrieved August 26, 2014. 
  27. ^ a b "Hot 100: Meghan Trainor on Top Again; Tove Lo Hits Top Five — Billboard". Billboard. October 15, 2014. 
  28. ^ "Chart Highlights: Taylor Swift Tops Adult Pop Songs, Sam Smith Rules Adult R&B". Billboard. September 29, 2014. 
  29. ^ a b "Taylor Swift Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Country Airplay for Taylor Swift. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
  30. ^ Lipshutz, Jason (December 26, 2014). "Grammys 2015 Preview: Sia, Hozier, Taylor Swift & More Vie for Song of the Year". Billboard. Retrieved January 22, 2015. 
  31. ^ "Taylor Swift's 'Shake It Off' Holds At No. 1 On Hot 100 author = Gary Trust". Billboard date = September 3, 2014. Retrieved September 4, 2014. 
  32. ^ Cite error: The named reference riaa was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  33. ^ Paul Grein (December 31, 2014). "It's Official: Pharrell Has 2014's Best-Selling Song". Yahoo! Music. 
  34. ^ Christman, Ed (February 20, 2015). "How 'Shake It Off' Ruled The Publishing Industry's Fourth Quarter in 2014". Billboard. Retrieved February 21, 2015. 
  35. ^ Gary Trust (December 25, 2014). "Taylor Swift Tops Hot 100 for Sixth Week". Billboard. Retrieved December 25, 2014. 
  36. ^ Paul Grein (December 24, 2014). "Mark Ronson, Bruno Mars Top Digital Sales Chart". Yahoo! Music. Retrieved December 25, 2014. 
  37. ^ "The Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved April 1, 2015. 
  38. ^ "A Journal of Musical ThingsWeekly Music Sales Report and Analysis: 28 August 2014 - A Journal of Musical Things". A Journal of Musical Things. 
  39. ^ a b Bliss, Karen (January 27, 2015). "Nielsen: Canada Loved Taylor Swift, Streaming Music and, Yep, Vinyl in 2014". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved January 30, 2015. 
  40. ^ "2014-08-30 Top 40 Official Singles Chart UK Archive — Official Charts". Official Charts Company. 
  41. ^ "Taylor Swift's Blank Space makes US chart history". Official Charts Company. Retrieved November 21, 2014. 
  42. ^ Copsey, Rob (January 1, 2015). "The Official Top 40 Biggest Selling Singles of 2014". Official Charts Company. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  43. ^ ">> IRMA << Welcome to our site >>". 
  44. ^ a b "Australian-charts.com – Taylor Swift – Shake It Off". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
  45. ^ MCM Media. "Taylor Swift racks up a third week at Number 1! - ARIA Music News". 
  46. ^ a b "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2015 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  47. ^ a b "NZ Top 40 Singles Chart — The Official New Zealand Music Chart". THE OFFICIAL NZ MUSIC CHART. 
  48. ^ "NZ Top 40 Singles Chart — The Official New Zealand Music Chart". THE OFFICIAL NZ MUSIC CHART. 
  49. ^ a b Michaels, Sean (August 19, 2014). "Taylor Swift announces new album details and single Shake It Off". The Guardian. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  50. ^ Sacks, Ethan (August 18, 2014). "Taylor Swift reveals new album ‘1989,' video for first single 'Shake It Off'". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  51. ^ Vincent, Peter (August 19, 2014). "Taylor Swift's live stream of new single Shake it Off didn't get same Twitter response as 5 Seconds of Summer. Here's why.". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  52. ^ McIntyre, Hugh (August 18, 2014). "Taylor Swift Drops Surprise Single and Video, Announces New Album '1989'". Forbes. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  53. ^ Cho, Diane (August 20, 2014). "A Breakdown of Every Cultural Reference In Taylor Swift’s "Shake It Off" Music Video". VH1. Retrieved August 21, 2014. 
  54. ^ Mansfield, Brian (August 18, 2014). "Taylor Swift sets country aside, records "official pop album"". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  55. ^ Kevipod (August 18, 2014). "Taylor Swift – "Shake It Off" [Music Video]". Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  56. ^ Hasty, Katie (August 18, 2014). "Taylor Swift's new video 'Shake It Off' features twerking, ballet, haters". HitFix. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  57. ^ Crosley, Hillary (August 18, 2014). "Taylor Swift's New Video Is a Cringe-Worthy Mess". Jezebel. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  58. ^ Ramirez, Erika (August 19, 2014). "Earl Sweatshirt: Taylor Swift's 'Shake It Off' Video Is 'Inherently Offensive and Ultimately Harmful'". Billboard. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  59. ^ Gupta, Prachi (August 20, 2014). "Taylor Swift’s music video is uncomfortable, but is it really racist?". Salon. Retrieved August 21, 2014. 
  60. ^ Lee, Esther (August 22, 2014). "Taylor Swift's "Shake It Off" Video Director Mark Romanek Defends It From Racist Claims". Us Weekly. Retrieved September 5, 2014. 
  61. ^ Bueno, Antoinette (August 22, 2014). "Taylor Swift's 'Shake It Off' Video Director Hits Back at Racist Claims". Entertainment Tonight. CBS Studios Inc. Retrieved September 5, 2014. 
  62. ^ Buchanan, Kyle (August 21, 2014). "Mark Romanek on Directing Taylor Swift’s New Video ‘Shake It Off’". Vulture. New York Media LLC. Retrieved September 5, 2014. 
  63. ^ "Most Viewed Videos of All Time (Over 100 million views)". YouTube. Retrieved April 14, 2015. 
  64. ^ Ng, Philiana (August 13, 2014). "It's Official: Taylor Swift to Perform at MTV VMAs". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 18, 2014. 
  65. ^ vma-2014-taylor-swift-refuses-726370
  66. ^ Chau, Thomas (September 4, 2014). "Taylor Swift Performs ‘Shake It Off’ at the 2014 German Radio Awards [VIDEO]". Pop Crush. Retrieved September 4, 2014. 
  67. ^ "Taylor Swift kicks off iHeartRadio Music Festival in TWO striking ensembles". Daily Mail Online. 
  68. ^ Peter Vincent (20 January 2015). "Triple J Hottest 100: Has Taylor Swift been dumped from contention due to KFC ad?". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  69. ^ Sarah Smith (20 January 2015). "Flight Facilities weigh in on Taylor Swift Hottest 100 furore". inthemix. inthemix Pty Ltd. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  70. ^ Elle Hunt (19 January 2015). "#Tay4Hottest100: Taylor Swift campaign shows it's time for Triple J to shake off cultural elitism". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 
  71. ^ Mark Di Stefano (13 January 2015). "Why Isn’t Everyone Voting For "Shake It Off" In The Hottest 100?". BuzzFeed. BuzzFeed, Inc. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 
  72. ^ Joe Harris (20 January 2015). "The Guardian Says Triple J Are "Sexist" For Ignoring Taylor Swift, & That's Just Dumb". Tone Deaf. Tone Deaf. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 
  73. ^ Christensen, Nic (20 January 2015). "KFC Facebook post may have disqualified Taylor Swift campaign from Triple J Hottest 100 list". Mumbrella. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  74. ^ Elle Hunt (20 January 2015). "Taylor Swift fans have spoken – but will Triple J's Hottest 100 listen?". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 
  75. ^ Cameron Adams (26 January 2015). "Taylor Swift disqualified from Hottest 100". News.com.au. Retrieved 26 January 2015. 
  76. ^ Peter Vincent (23 January 2015). "Taylor Swift campaign has swallowed Triple J Hottest 100". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 26 January 2015. 
  77. ^ a b "Shake It Off – Taylor Swift (MP3)". Amazon.com (US) Amazon.com, Inc. Archived from the original on September 5, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  78. ^ a b "LIMITED EDITION "Shake It Off" Single CD". Taylor Swift. Archived from the original on September 13, 2014. Retrieved September 12, 2014. 
  79. ^ a b "Shake It Off (2-Track)". Amazon.com (Germany), Amazon.com, Inc. Retrieved October 14, 2014. 
  80. ^ 1989 (Compact disc liner notes). Taylor Swift. Big Machine Records. 2014. BMRBD0500A. 
  81. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Taylor Swift – Shake It Off" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved September 5, 2014.
  82. ^ a b "Ultratop.be – Taylor Swift – Shake It Off" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved September 5, 2014.
  83. ^ "Ultratop.be – Taylor Swift – Shake It Off" (in French). Ultratop 50. Retrieved August 23, 2014.
  84. ^ "Hot 100 Billboard Brasil — weekly". Billboard Brasil. November 8, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2014. 
  85. ^ "Screenshot". Lightshot. 
  86. ^ "Taylor Swift Album & Song Chart History" Canadian Hot 100 for Taylor Swift. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
  87. ^ "Taylor Swift Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Canada AC for Taylor Swift. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
  88. ^ "Taylor Swift Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Canada CHR/Top 40 for Taylor Swift. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
  89. ^ "Taylor Swift Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Canada Hot AC for Taylor Swift. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  90. ^ "Hrvatska Airplay Radio Chart - 27 listopada 2014". HRT. October 27, 2014. Retrieved November 1, 2014.  Archived from "the original".  on November 1, 2014
  91. ^ "ČNS IFPI" (in Czech). Hitparáda – Radio Top 100 Oficiální. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201445 into search. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  92. ^ "ČNS IFPI" (in Czech). Hitparáda – Digital Top 100 Oficiální. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201443 into search. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  93. ^ "Danishcharts.com – Taylor Swift – Shake It Off". Tracklisten. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  94. ^ "Taylor Swift Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Euro Digital Songs for Taylor Swift. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
  95. ^ "Taylor Swift: Shake It Off" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved September 9, 2014.
  96. ^ "Lescharts.com – Taylor Swift – Shake It Off" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
  97. ^ "Officialcharts.de – Taylor Swift – Shake It Off". GfK Entertainment. Retrieved August 26, 2014.
  98. ^ "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ" (in Hungarian). Single (track) Top 40 lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
  99. ^ "Lagalistinn". 
  100. ^ "Chart Track: Week 35, 2014". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved August 23, 2014.
  101. ^ "Taylor Swift – Shake It Off Media Forest". Israeli Airplay Chart. Media Forest.
  102. ^ "Top Digital Download — Classifica settimanale WK 44 (dal 27-10-2014 al 02-11-2014)" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved 6 November 2014. 
  103. ^ "Taylor Swift Album & Song Chart History" Japan Hot 100 for Taylor Swift. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
  104. ^ "Mexico Airplay". Billboard. Retrieved November 1, 2014. 
  105. ^ "Mexico Ingles Airplay". Billboard. Retrieved November 22, 2014. 
  106. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – Taylor Swift search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40. Retrieved September 5, 2014.
  107. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Taylor Swift – Shake It Off" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved August 29, 2014.
  108. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Taylor Swift – Shake It Off". VG-lista. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
  109. ^ "Listy bestsellerów, wyróżnienia :: Związek Producentów Audio-Video". Polish Airplay Top 20. Retrieved November 10, 2014.
  110. ^ "Archive Chart: 2014-08-30". Scottish Singles Top 40. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  111. ^ "SNS IFPI" (in Slovak). Hitparáda – Radio Top 100 Oficiálna. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201445 into search. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  112. ^ "SNS IFPI" (in Slovak). Hitparáda – Singles Digital Top 100 Oficiálna. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201444 into search. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  113. ^ "South African Airplay Chart — October 7, 2014". Entertainment Monitoring Africa. October 7, 2014. Retrieved October 9, 2014. 
  114. ^ "South Korea Gaon International Chart (Gaon Chart)". Gaon Chart. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  115. ^ "Spanishcharts.com – Taylor Swift – Shake It Off" Canciones Top 50. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
  116. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Taylor Swift – Shake It Off". Singles Top 60. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
  117. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Taylor Swift – Shake It Off". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  118. ^ "Archive Chart: 2014-10-25" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  119. ^ "Taylor Swift Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot 100 for Taylor Swift. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
  120. ^ "Taylor Swift Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Adult Contemporary for Taylor Swift. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  121. ^ "Taylor Swift Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Adult Pop Songs for Taylor Swift. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
  122. ^ "Taylor Swift Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs for Taylor Swift. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
  123. ^ "Taylor Swift Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Latin Airplay for Taylor Swift. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
  124. ^ "Taylor Swift Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Pop Songs for Taylor Swift. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  125. ^ "Taylor Swift Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Rhythmic Songs for Taylor Swift. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  126. ^ "Best of All Time – Singles". Australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved April 19, 2015. 
  127. ^ [1]
  128. ^ "End of Year Charts – ARIA Top 100 Singles 2014". ARIA Charts. Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved February 1, 2015. 
  129. ^ "2014 Year End Charts — Top Canadian Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  130. ^ "Jahrescharts Deutschland – Hits 2014". Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  131. ^ http://www.mako.co.il/music-news/radio_airplay_chart/Article-ef0dc15a9b4aa41006.htm
  132. ^ "Japan Hot 100 - Year End 2014". Billboard. Retrieved 11 December 2014. 
  133. ^ "Jaaroverzichten - Singles 2014" (in Dutch). Dutch Charts. Hung Medien. Retrieved December 25, 2014. 
  134. ^ Top 100-Jaaroverzicht van 2014 (in Dutch). top40.nl. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  135. ^ "Top Selling Singles of 2014". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved December 27, 2014. 
  136. ^ "Utwory, których słuchaliśmy w radiu – Airplay 2014" (in Polish). Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved January 21, 2015. 
  137. ^ "Swiss Year-End Charts 2014". swisscharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved January 3, 2015. 
  138. ^ "The Official Top 100 Biggest Songs of 2014 revealed". Official Charts Company. Retrieved December 31, 2014. 
  139. ^ "Hot 100 Songs – Year End 2014". Billboard. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  140. ^ "Adult Contemporary Songs: Year End 2014". Billboard. Retrieved December 9, 2014. 
  141. ^ "Adult Pop Songs: Year End 2014". Billboard. Retrieved December 9, 2014. 
  142. ^ "Pop Songs: Year End 2014". Billboard. Retrieved December 9, 2014. 
  143. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Taylor Swift; 'Shake It Off')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved January 30, 2015. 
  144. ^ "Italian single certifications – Taylor Swift – Shake It Off" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry. Retrieved January 19, 2015.  Select Online in the field Sezione. Enter Taylor Swift in the field Filtra. The certification will load automatically
  145. ^ "Single Certification List - December 2014" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved January 20, 2015. 
  146. ^ "Certificaciones Mensuales 2015". Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. Facebook. March 6, 2015. Retrieved March 20, 2015. 
  147. ^ "New Zealand single certifications – Taylor Swift – Shake It Off". Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. Retrieved February 6, 2015. 
  148. ^ "Taylor Swift — Shake It Off" (in Swedish). Grammofon Leverantörernas Förening. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  149. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Taylor Swift; 'Shake it off')". Hung Medien. 
  150. ^ "British single certifications – Taylor Swift – Shake It Off". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter Shake It Off in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Select Platinum in the field By Award. Click Search
  151. ^ "American single certifications – Taylor Swift – Shake It Off". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH
  152. ^ "Certificeringer — Taylor Swift — Shake It Off" (in Danish). IFPI Denmark. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  153. ^ "RIAA Adds Digital Streams To Historic Gold & Platinum Awards". Recording Industry Association of America. May 9, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2013. 
  154. ^ "Shake It Off Taylor Swift" (in French). Qobuz. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  155. ^ "Shake It Off – Taylor Swift (MP3)". Amazon.com (US) Amazon.com, Inc. Archived from the original on September 4, 2014. Retrieved September 15, 2014. 
  156. ^ "Top 40/M Future Releases". All Access Music Group. Archived from the original on August 20, 2014. 
  157. ^ "BBC Radio 1 Playlist". BBC Radio 1. Archived from the original on August 25, 2014. 

External links[edit]