Buckeye-Shaker

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Buckeye-Shaker
Neighborhoods of Cleveland
The Moreland Courts condominiums at Shaker Square
The Moreland Courts condominiums at Shaker Square
Coordinates: 41°29′2″N 81°35′26″W / 41.48389°N 81.59056°W / 41.48389; -81.59056
Country United States
State Ohio
County Cuyahoga County
City Cleveland
Population (2000)
 • Total 16,063
  2.5% increase from 1990 Census
Demographics
 • White 15.3%
 • Black 80%
 • Hispanic 1%
 • Asian 2.1%
 • Other >1%
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP Codes 44120
Area code(s) 216
Median income $25,337
Source: 2000 U.S. Census, City Planning Commission of Cleveland [1]
Shaker Square Historic District
SSice.jpg
Shops on the southeast corner of Shaker Square
Buckeye-Shaker is located in Ohio
Buckeye-Shaker
Location Shaker and Moreland Blvds..
Cleveland, Ohio 44120
Coordinates 41°29′2″N 81°35′26″W / 41.48389°N 81.59056°W / 41.48389; -81.59056Coordinates: 41°29′2″N 81°35′26″W / 41.48389°N 81.59056°W / 41.48389; -81.59056
Built 1927-1929
Architect Multiple
Architectural style Colonial Revival, Other
NRHP Reference # 83004367[2]
Added to NRHP 1983
The Shaker Mill Stone, which lies in Shaker Square

Buckeye-Shaker is a neighborhood on the East Side of Cleveland, Ohio.[3] It encompasses the old Buckeye neighborhood and Shaker Square neighborhood, the latter of which is centered on an historic shopping district and an eponymous rapid transit station, located at the intersection of Shaker and Moreland Boulevards, on the light rail line that connects the city of Shaker Heights to downtown Cleveland. From the early to mid-20th century, the Buckeye Road neighborhood was known as Little Hungary, serving as the historic heart of Cleveland's Hungarian community, which at one time was the largest in the world outside of Budapest.[4] Shaker Square, continues to be known as one of Cleveland's most reputable neighborhoods, in terms of shopping, dining, architecture, and quality of living.[5][6]

Buckeye-Shaker is bordered by the neighborhoods of Woodland Hills on its west, Mount Pleasant to the south, University Circle to the north, and the suburb of Shaker Heights to the east.

Shaker Square[edit]

The historic American Colonial-Georgian shopping center, which was largely influenced by European town squares, was built between 1927 and 1929 by the Van Sweringen brothers.[7] The two brothers, who also developed much of the land to the east the neighborhood as the planned community of Shaker Heights, envisioned Shaker Square as its gateway between the urban and suburban living spaces represented in the early 20th century.[4][7] On either side of the train tracks are two lawn areas. A short distance east of the Shaker Square stop, the track splits into the Green Line (that heads east to Green Road), and the Blue Line (that runs southeast on Van Aken Boulevard, until it reaches Chagrin Road).

Four large buildings around the perimeter of the grass lawns make up the second planned shopping center in the United States, after Country Club Plaza in Kansas City. They were designed in an Neo-Georgian style by Phillip Small and Charles Bacon Rowley, and together form an octagonal area that is said to have been inspired by the eight-sided plaza at the center of the Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen, Denmark. Since 2004 the Square has been owned by The Coral Company whose offices are in Shaker Square.

Today, Shaker Square is the heart of the neighborhood. Near the square are more than 4,000 units of rental and condominium apartments (the largest concentration of multi-family housing in Cleveland), townhouses, and many private homes.

Buckeye Road[edit]

The Buckeye Road neighborhood was known as Little Hungary and developed as the heart of Cleveland's Hungarian community in the late 19th century.[8] By the 1920 United States Census, over 42,000 residents in Cleveland listed themselves as having been born in the Kingdom of Hungary, with a large portion of these residing in the Buckeye Road neighborhood.[9] Like many immigrant groups, the Hungarians came to the United States looking for a better life, and those who settled in Cleveland came at a time when the city was one of the nations leading industrial cities. Working primarily in the heavy manufacturing sector, these immigrants settled their tightly-knit community due to its close proximity to the steel mills and day-labor jobs where they worked.[9] Between the end of World War II and 1970 the neighborhood represented one of the most powerful political blocs in Cleveland's Democratic Party.[8] By the end of the 1970s many of the original inhabitants of Buckeye Road had migrated to the suburbs as they ascended the economic ladder, and in large part due to the white flight which had produced similar migrations out of the inner city in many US metropolitan areas.[8] by the beginning of the 21st century only a handful of the Hungarian residents remained in a neighborhood that today is predominately African-American.[9] Benedictine High School, a Catholic high school and perennial football-powerhouse that boasts Chuck Noll as an alumnus, is located just south of Buckeye on Martin Luther King Drive.

Points of interest, all of which are listed on the National Register of Historic Places include the closed St. Luke's Hospital, built in 1927, which is slated for re-development; St. Elizabeth's Magyar Roman Catholic Church, built in 1892; and the Weizer Building, built in 1928.

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1940 19,537 —    
1950 20,684 +5.9%
1960 19,066 −7.8%
1970 18,496 −3.0%
1980 16,347 −11.6%
1990 15,676 −4.1%
2000 16,063 +2.5%
2010 12,470 −22.4%
Source:[10]

Education[edit]

In September 1912 the Cleveland Board of Education ceded the area at the eastern end of Buckeye - Shaker, around what would later become Shaker Square, to the Shaker Heights Board of Education. To this day, adults living around the Square can enjoy Shaker's recreational and library facilities and their children may attend Shaker Heights schools. Cleveland residents in this section vote on Shaker school matters (but not Cleveland school matters), but they also vote for a Cleveland city council member, mayor, and other city matters. Homeowners and apartment owners pay real estate taxes to the City of Cleveland and school real estate taxes to the Shaker Heights City School District. However most of the Buckeye-Shaker Square area is in the City of Cleveland and also in the Cleveland Metropolitan School District.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Buckeye-Shaker Neighborhood Fact Sheet" (PDF). Cleveland City Planning Commission. Retrieved January 5, 2011. 
  2. ^ "National Register of Historical Places – Ohio(OH), Cuyahoga County". National Register of Historic Places. Nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com. Retrieved 2011-07-15. 
  3. ^ "Buckeye Shaker". Connecting Cleveland 2020 Citywide Plan. Cleveland City Planning Commission. Retrieved 2011-01-02. 
  4. ^ http://ech.case.edu/cgi/article.pl?id=BS8
  5. ^ http://www.livecleveland.org/node/80
  6. ^ a b "History of Shaker Square". Shakersquare.net. Retrieved 2011-01-02. 
  7. ^ a b c Frigyes Fredricks, Dennis (1981). "Ethnicity and politics: the Hungarian experience in Cleveland". In Papp, Susan M. Hungarian Americans and their communities of Cleveland. Cleveland ethnic heritage studies. Cleveland, OH: MSL Academic Endeavors. pp. 292–297. LCCN 85621096. Archived from the original on 2014-01-06. Retrieved 2011-01-02 – via Cleveland Memory Project. 
  8. ^ a b c Baranick, Alana (1997-10-04). "Cleveland's Hungarian story expands beyond Buckeye Rd. where immigrants paved the way for new arrivals". The Plain Dealer (Cleveland, OH). p. 6B. Archived from the original on 2014-01-06. Retrieved 2010-01-05 – via cleveland.com. 
  9. ^ planning.city.cleveland.oh.us/2010census/downloads/2010SPA_Data.pdf

External links[edit]