Shakhtyorsk

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Shakhtyorsk (English)
Шахтёрск (Russian)
-  Town  -
Map of Russia - Sakhalin Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Sakhalin Oblast in Russia
Shakhtyorsk is located in Sakhalin Oblast
Shakhtyorsk
Shakhtyorsk
Location of Shakhtyorsk in Sakhalin Oblast
Coordinates: 49°09′N 142°06′E / 49.150°N 142.100°E / 49.150; 142.100Coordinates: 49°09′N 142°06′E / 49.150°N 142.100°E / 49.150; 142.100
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakhalin Oblast
Administrative district Uglegorsky District[citation needed]
Municipal status
Municipal district Uglegorsky Municipal District[citation needed]
Urban settlement Shakhtyorskoye Urban Settlement[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 8,382 inhabitants[1]
Time zone VLAT (UTC+11:00)[2]
Founded after 1905[citation needed]
Town status since 1947[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[3] 694910
Dialing code(s) +7 42432[citation needed]
Shakhtyorsk on WikiCommons

Shakhtyorsk (Russian: Шахтёрск; Japanese: 塔路, Tōro) is a town in Uglegorsky District of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia, located on the western coast of the Sakhalin Island, 376 kilometers (234 mi) northwest of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. Population: 8,382 (2010 Census);[1] 10,643 (2002 Census);[4] 12,945 (1989 Census).[5]

History[edit]

It was founded after 1905 as Tōro, in the region then known as the Karafuto Prefecture of Japan.[citation needed] After the Soviet Union gained control over the southern part of the Sakhalin Island in August 1945, it became part of Sakhalin Oblast. It was granted town status and given its present name in 1947.[citation needed] The name derives from the Russian word "шахтёр" ("miner"), referring to the black coal production in the surrounding area.

Economy[edit]

The town's economy relies mainly on black coal mining, which supports a power station.


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  4. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  5. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012.