Shaktawat

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Rajput Clan Shaktawat
Vansh Suryavansh
Bard sayings Khorasan Multan ka aggal (खोरासण मुल्तान का अग्गल )
Lineage: Raja Ram- Raja Lav - Kanaksen of Vallabhi - Guhil - Bappa Rawal - Khoman - Hammir - Shakta
Branches: Bhanawat, Achlawat, Chaturbhujot, Gokuldasot, Maldevot, Baaludasot
Ruled in Bhindar, Bansi, Hinta, Bohera, Bijaipur, Sawar

Shaktawat is the name of a branch of the Sisodia clan of suryavanshi Rajputs. The Shaktawats are patrilineal descendants of Prince Mir Shakti Singh, a brother of Maharana Pratap of Mewar dynasty.

Sub clans[edit]

  • Bhindar - Bhanawat
  • Baansi - Achlawat
  • Hinta - Chaturbhujot
  • Sawar - Gokuldasot
  • Kalwal - Maaldevot
  • Gatiyawali - Baaludasot

Battle of Haldighati[edit]

In the battle of haldighati Shakti Singh did fight for prince Jehangir, Rana Pratap fought bravely and at one point even came very close to Man Singh of Jaipur and his steed Chetak stood on top of the elephant of Raja Man Singh, at this moment Rana Pratap hurled a weapon, bhala, towards Raja Man Singh who ducked and was saved.

The odds were against the forces of Pratap 20,000 brave souls fighting against the 80000 strong and mighty Mughal Army. Rana Pratap was severely injured and Jhala Man Singh took the Crimson flag and deceived the Mughals, the followed him thinking him to be Rana Pratap.

Other chiefs persuaded Rana Pratap to leave the battlefield and he finally reluctantly was persuaded to do so, but Mughals by now knew where Rana Pratap was and came to him. Chiefs fought the army and Pratap was taken away in half awake state by his horse chetak. He was followed by two well known Afghans. They chased him for a while but then a spring came and chetak took the jump and collapsed on the spot. Rana Pratap had no hope against the chasing Afghans and Mughals.

By : Kuldeep Singh Lunwa (Nagour)

Shakti Singh[edit]

Shakti Singh came to Rana Pratap rescue and killed the Afghans and gave his own horse to him. The brothers were united. Shakti Singh promised to join Rana Pratap at a later date and asked him to leave immediately. Rana Pratap bid farewell and left.

Days later, Shakti Singh was inquired about the Afghans and he lied saying that by the time he reached the scene they were killed by Rana Pratap, Jehangir said if you tell truth i will pardon you. Shakti Singh told the true story and said that he could not see his own blood being chased like that. Hence he has to rescue the Rana. Jehangir asked him to leave his court with no punishment.

Shakti Singh went to join Rana Pratap. But on his way he did capture the Bhainsrorgarh[1] fort which was occupied by mughal forces then. The brothers from then on were very close to each other.

By : Kuldeep Singh Lunwa (Nagour)

The Shaktawats (Achlawats and Bhanawats)[edit]

Shakti Singh had 17 sons the eldest was Rao Bhanji (of Bhindar). Rao Bhanji and Rao Achaldas were born within months of each other, although Rao Achaldas was born a little earlier, the news of his birth came after Rao Bhanji had been proclaimed the heir apparent. On Shakti Singh's death Rao Bhanji was crowned Rawat and other 16 sons including the eldest Achaldas(of Bansi) went for cremation of their father as was the custom in those days where the crown prince did not leave the palace. When they returned Rao Bhanji told them to leave the palace and fend for themselves elsewhere as he had limited resources for all 17 brothers. The brothers agreed and left.

During their journey the pregnant wife of Achaldas was about to deliver then sudden and heavy rains started. At this moment they took her under a tree but a rock was falling onto the place, his younger brother Bheem Singh who was really strong stood under the rock.

Rawat Shakta - progeny[edit]

Rawat Sakta Singh[2][Shakti Singh] (second son), fl.1576, he was granted the Jagirs of Bhindar and Bhadsoda; married and had issue, 17 sons, the Shaktawat clan, including the estate holders of Bansi, Bohera, Bhindar, Hinta and Bhainsrorgarh etc.

  1. Kunwar Akhairaj
  2. Rawat Bhan of Bhindar,[3] fought bravely at Battle of Untala.
  3. Rawat Achal Das, ancestor of the Achalawat sub-clan, including the Rawats of Baansi, fought bravely at Battle of Untala. Mewar Senapati 1609-1611 A.D.
  4. Chaturbhuj Singhji, ancestor of Chaturbhujot Sub-clan, including Thakurs of Hinta, Koon, Gopalpura,Khodiyo Ka khera . Died fighting Patta Hada. His son granted Hinta by Maharana Bhim Singh of Mewar.
  5. Maldeo Singhji, ancestor of Thakurs of Kalval, fought bravely at Battle of Untala.
  6. Jodh Singhji, ancestor of Thakurs of Kangeti, fought bravely at Battle of Untala. Killed Maharawat Bhanusingh Dewalia and Makhan.
    1. Nahar Khan
    2. Bhakar Singh
  7. Kunwar Ballu Singhji, ancestor of Baludasot Shaktawat's, ancestors of Thakurs of Ghatiyawali, Putholi. Died bravely at Battle of Untala. Shaktawat Hero of Battle of Untala. His last words to Maharan Amar Singh of Mewar were - "Duguni Meharbani, Chauguni Kurbani". From then on Shaktawat's are called by "Duna Daataar, Chouguna Junjhaar". "Khorasan Multan ka aagal".
  8. Bagh Singhji, ancestor of Thakurs of Chitakhera
  9. Bhopat Singhji, ancestor of Thakurs of Dhanwada, Navanagar, died fighting Mir Rukundi at Kolikhol.
  10. Dalpat Singhji, ancestor of Thakurs of Bawal, fought bravely at Battle of Untala, died fighting Mir Rukundi at Kolikhol.
  11. Raj Singhji, ancestor of Thakurs of Pipliya, Banoti
  12. Sujan Singhji, ancestor of Thakurs of Gangani
  13. Mandan Singhji, ancestor of Thakurs of Sonaheda. Died bravely at Battle of Untala.
  14. Madan Singhji - no issue. Died bravely at Battle of Untala.
  15. Jagganath Singhji - no issue. Died bravely at Battle of Untala.
  16. Bairisaal Singhji - no issue
  17. Sultan Singhji - no issue. Died bravely at Battle of Untala.
  18. Rani Damiyanti, married Raja Maha Singh of Amber.
  19. Rani Sahiba Sisodniji, married Rao Surtan Singh of Bundi.
  20. Rawat Madho Singh, married and had issue.
    1. Rawat Jagat Singh of Kolyari, married and had issue.
      1. Rawat LAL SINGH, he was granted the jagir of Sheogarh.

Shaktawats and Maharana Amar Singh[edit]

Years later they came back to serve Rana Amar Singh when the then prime minister saw the brothers in a small village. They were so successful that one day Rana Amar Singh asked them to be vanguard of Mewar Forces. This was unacceptable to Chundawats who had led Mewar Army as the vanguard since the days of Rao Chonda.

Rana Amar Singh said that who ever reached Ontalla first, which was captured by mughals, would lead the vanguard. Both shaktawats and chundawats fought hard. On the gate Rao Ballu hanged himself on spiked gates so the elephant can crush the gate and he along with his 4 brothers perished to capture the fort from Mughals. Chundawats lost their leader too. But Mewar recovered Ontalla.

Later Rawat Achaldas elder son of Shakti Singh, won multiple battles for his lord Maharana Amar Singh, against Mughul invaders of Delhi assisted by the combined forces of Man Singh Kachhawa of Jaipur and Mota Raja Udai Singh of Jodhpur, considered darkest regime of Indian history.

At the moment of war period, when forces of Mewar were at back foot, Maharana Amar Singh consulted his cabinet and decided to move backward for a while. Achaldas Shaktawat was heading Mewar force, decided to fight even without Maharana saying that he cannot see his country, cattle and ladies being looted and raped by the invading army.

Maharana Amar Singh by mistake said that he can afford death of single person but Achaldas is leading his whole army to death and gave him the title of "Savaya Sagat" {1 - 1/4 times better / worse than Sagat (Shakti Singh)}, literally dishonoring his father Shakti Singh. Deeply suffered from the feeling of insult, Achaldas self gifted his head to his god Ekling (Lord Shiva), when he found himself standing in between position of disobeying his lord Maharana Amar Singh and on the other side viewing his country, cattle and ladies being looted and raped by the invading army.

This incident brought a great feeling of sorrow in the heart, mind and soul of Maharana Amar Singh, who had witnessed the gallantry battles fought by his father Maharana Pratap.

Maharana Amar Singh immediately gave the title of Achaldas to his son Narhari, who being highly motivated along with the sons of Maharana Amar Singh fought with great chivalry, that not only Maharana Amar Singh felt the enchanting rays of blessings of his ancestors from heaven, even it led to fill the traditional accounts of the invading army from the legendary battle of Mewar forces. By Kuldeep Singh Lunwa (Nagour)

Major Shaktawat Thikanas[edit]

  • Baansi (Achlawat)[4][5][6]
    • Bijaipur
    • Semari Kuradia Medi Nr semari From BhupendraSingh Shaktawat(Jackie)
    • Feela
    • Jagat
    • Sihad
    • Bhatbamnda Sihad[7]
  • Bhindar (Bhanawat)[8][9][10] Bejrda
    • Kunthwas
    • Bohera[11]
    • Chhapry
    • Dholapa
    • Pansal
    • Mandkala
    • Sakatpura
    • Itawa (Charbuja Kotri Bhilwara)
  • Sawar (Gokuldasot)
    • Piplaj
    • Basundni
    • Chousla(Sawar) in Ajmer - Istimrari.
    • Chandthali
    • Deokheri
    • Tankawas
  • Hinta (Chaturbhujot)
  • Koon
  • Gopalpura
  • Khodiyo Ka Khera
  • Bhikhawanya
  • Shaktawaton Ka Khera
  • Naal Ka Guda
  • Kolyari
  • Sheogarh
  • Piplya
  • Kalwal
  • Gatiyawali
  • Khor
  • Kundai
  • Khajuria
  • Nahargarh
  • Gagrol
  • Semari
  • Madara
  • Rood
  • Sihar
  • Jagat
  • Mandori
  • Bawal
  • Angoti
  • Piplia raoji
  • Jamuniya raoji
  • Mandpiya (Shaktawatan)
  • Mandori
  • Bawal
  • Chauth ka Ben

References[edit]

  1. ^ James Tod,Annals and antiquities of Rajasthan: or The central and western ..., Volume 1, Page 175 - Rivalry of Shaktawat and Chundawat clans
  2. ^ D. R. Mankekar, Mewar saga: the Sisodias' role in Indian history, page 53
  3. ^ D. L. Paliwal, Rawat Surendra Singh of Boheda: Maharaj Shakti Singh and the Shaktawats of Boheda: a history of Boheda Thikana, page 30, 31
  4. ^ C. S. Bayley,Chiefs and leading families in Rajputana, Page 34
  5. ^ Sri Ram Sharma, Maharana Raj Singh and his times, Page 47
  6. ^ Charles Stuart Bayley, List of ruling princes, chiefs and leading personages, Page 233
  7. ^ Hukamasiṃha Bhāṭī,Mevāṛa ke aitihāsika paṭṭe-paravāne: Ṭhikānā wijayapura Saṅgraha, 1695-1907 Ī
  8. ^ Tej Kumar Mathur,Feudal polity in Mewar, 1750-1850 A.D., Page 20
  9. ^ C. S. Bayley,Chiefs and leading families in Rajputana, Page 32
  10. ^ D. L. Paliwal, Surendra Singh Boheda,Maharaj Shakti Singh and the Shaktawats of Boheda: a history of Boheda Thikana
  11. ^ D. L. Paliwal, Surendra Singh Boheda,Maharaj Shakti Singh and the Shaktawats of Boheda: a history of Boheda Thikana, Page 10

See also[edit]