Shalamar

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For other uses, see Shalimar.
Shalamar
Jwbackstage 83.jpg
Shalamar, back stage in 1983. Left to right, Howard Hewett, Jody Watley, and Jeffrey Daniel
Background information
Origin Los Angeles, California, United States
Genres Disco, funk, soul, post-disco, boogie
Years active 1977–1991, 1996-1997, 2001-2013
Labels SOLAR Records
Past members Jeffrey Daniel
Jody Watley
Gary Mumford
Gerald Brown
Howard Hewett
Delisa Davis
Micki Free
Sydney Justin
Carolyn Griffey

Shalamar /ˈʃæləmɑr/ was an American music group, active in the 1970s and 1980s, that was originally a disco-driven vehicle created by Soul Train booking agent Dick Griffey and show creator Don Cornelius.[1][2] They went on to be an influential dance trio, masterminded by Soul Train producer Don Cornelius.[3] As noted in the British Hit Singles & Albums, they were regarded as fashion icons and trendsetters, and helped to introduce 'body-popping' to the United Kingdom.[3] Their collective name 'Shalamar' was picked by Griffey.[4]

Career[edit]

Their first hit was the 1977 "Uptown Festival," released on Soul Train Records. Its success inspired Griffey and Don Cornelius to replace session singers with popular Soul Train dancers Jody Watley and Jeffrey Daniel to join original Shalamar lead singer Gary Mumford. Gerald Brown took over the spot vacated by Mumford in 1978 for the Disco Gardens album which featured the hit "Take That To The Bank". After conflicts over lack of payment from Dick Griffey and Solar Records, Brown would leave the group.[5] Howard Hewett replaced Brown in 1979.[2]

The group was joined up with producer Leon Sylvers III in 1979, signed with Griffey's SOLAR Records and scored a US million seller with "The Second Time Around."

In the UK the group had a string of hits with songs such as "Take That to the Bank" (1978), "I Owe You One" (1980) and 1982's "I Can Make You Feel Good", "A Night to Remember", "There It Is" and "Friends".[1] The album of the same title Friends was also a big seller in the UK in 1982 crossing the genres of pop, disco and soul. The band's record sales in the UK increased when Daniel demonstrated his body-popping dancing skills on BBC Television's music programme, Top of the Pops, premiering the Moonwalk on television for the first time. Michael Jackson was a fan of the group, in particular, Daniel and his dance moves, after watching him on Soul Train.[citation needed] Jackson and Daniel met after, and Jackson took his then 12 year old sister Janet to see Shalamar perform at Disneyland. Daniel co-choreographed Jackson's "Bad" and "Smooth Criminal" videos[citation needed] along with Jackson himself.

The "classic" lineup of Shalamar (Hewett, Watley, and Daniel) scored a total of three gold albums in the US with Big Fun, Three for Love (which eventually went platinum) and Friends.[1]

The group took a knock when Watley and Daniel separately left the band over conflicts within the group and other issues with Dick Griffey and Solar Records.[6] Adding to the subsequent departure was Watley's increasing frustration with SOLAR Records and Dick Griffey shortly after the release of their next album, The Look, in 1983.[1][2] Nonetheless, the album yielded a number of UK hit singles including "Disappearing Act", "Dead Giveaway" and "Over and Over". The album itself moved Shalamar into a more new wave/synthpop direction, with rock guitars to the fore. But The Look generally was not the success that Friends had been the previous year.

With a mid 1980s line-up change with Micki Free and Delisa Davis, Shalamar returned to the US Top 20 in 1984 with "Dancing in the Sheets" from the Footloose soundtrack, peaking at #17, and they won a Grammy for "Don't Get Stopped in Beverly Hills" from Beverly Hills Cop in 1984.[1][2]

Hewett departed to begin his solo career in 1985, and was replaced by Sydney Justin. Following Hewett's departure, the band faded into temporary obscurity.[1][2] Circumstantial Evidence (1987) did not sell well, and the band broke up shortly after Wake Up was released in 1990.[2]

Jody Watley launched her own solo career in 1987, winning the Grammy Award for Best New Artist[7][8][9][10] Her hits include "Looking for a New Love," "Real Love," and "Friends" featuring Eric B & Rakim (noted to be the first Pop/R&B crossover single to include a rapper with the customized 16 bar verse, later becoming a popular formula in commercial music).[11][12] Along with Janet Jackson and Madonna, Watley ranks as one of MTV Video Music Awards most-nominated female artists. Watley was also one of the few American singers to perform on the original Band Aid record recorded by mostly British singers in November 1984.

Reunions[edit]

In 1996, Watley rejoined with Hewett and Daniel, plus LL Cool J, on Babyface's million-selling single "This Is for the Lover in You"; a cover of a hit single from Shalamar's 1980 album Three for Love.[1][13] A music video was shot in which the three former members of Shalamar were digitally reunited on screen.[14] Hewett, Watley, and Daniel subsequently joined Babyface and LL Cool J to perform the song on the UK's Top of the Pops in 1998. Billed as Shalamar, it marked the classic trio's first and only live performance together since 1983.[15]

From 2001, Shalamar continued touring with the line up of Howard Hewett, Jeffrey Daniel and Carolyn Griffey. In 2005 this line up appeared on the UK television series, Hit Me, Baby, One More Time, with original members Daniel and Hewett, and with Carolyn Griffey (a long-time friend and fan of the original band, and daughter of Shalamar founder and Solar Record boss Dick Griffey). Carolyn's mother is Carrie Lucas for whom Watley sang backing vocals. They reached the grand final of Hit Me, Baby, One More Time in May 2005, ultimately losing out to Shakin' Stevens.

Shalamar was featured in a segment of TV One's series Unsung, in which Watley, Daniel and Hewett shared their stories about the creation of the group, the lack of payment and royalties from Solar Records, success, egos, and the breakup of the classic lineup. Dick Griffey, Micki Free, Delisa Davis, and Sydney Justin were also interviewed for the episode.

In October 2009, the reformed Shalamar of Hewett, Daniel and Griffey, performed as a part of "The Ultimate Boogie Nights Disco Concert Series", at IndigO2 within O2 Arena Entertainment Avenue in London.[16][17] This prompted their return to the UK in April 2010 for a tour. Hewett, Griffey and Daniel, returned to IndigO2 in October 2011.[18] In 2014, original member Watley became the legal registered trademark owner of Shalamar [19]

Personnel[edit]

Discography[edit]

Main article: Shalamar discography

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Roberts, David (1998). Guinness Rockopedia (1st ed.). London: Guinness Publishing Ltd. p. 385. ISBN 0-85112-072-5. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Biography by Ron Wynn". Retrieved 20 Oct 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 493. ISBN 1-904994-10-5. 
  4. ^ American Singing Groups: From 1940 to Today - Jay Warner - Google Boeken. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  5. ^ "Unsung Shalamar Unfiltered Part 8 Gerald Brown "Take That To The Bank" Conclusion". YouTube. 2010-12-30. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  6. ^ "Shalamaronline.com". Shalamaronline.com. 2014-03-07. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  7. ^ USA Today (Feb. 16, 1996), Best Bets: Albums Jody Watley Greatest Hits, "Few singers fired up the disco like Jody Watley who set trends and standards for fashion and music in the late 80s.." USA Today Life Section
  8. ^ Booker, Kristin "Daily Style Icon: Jody Watley" (Oct. 20, 2011). Retrieved Oct.20, 2011.
  9. ^ Jones IV, James T. (July 17, 1995) "Jody Watley's High Voltage Rebound" " who introduced high fashion to music video." Life Section. USA Today.
  10. ^ "((( Jody Watley > Charts & Awards > Grammy Awards )))". allmusic. 1959-01-30. Retrieved 2010-05-12. 
  11. ^ Hess, Mickey (2007) Icons of Hip Hop : An Encyclopedia Of The Movement, Music, Culture Vol. 1. Jody Watley, Eric B. and Rakim 'Friends' p. 154 Greenwood Press ISBN 0-313-33903-1, ISBN 978-0-313-33903-5
  12. ^ William Jelani (2007) To The Break of Dawn: A Freestyle on the Hip-Hop Aesthetic, Jody Watley Eric B and Rakim "Friends" p. 142 NYU Press 2007, ISBN 0-8147-1670-9, ISBN 978-0-8147-1670-0
  13. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 37. ISBN 1-904994-10-5. 
  14. ^ "Babyface - This Is For The Lover In You". YouTube. 2009-11-24. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  15. ^ "Unsung Shalamar Part 7 "Reunions And More" Jody Watley Unfiltered". YouTube. 2010-11-17. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  16. ^ "Shalamar – A shadow of their former selves?". Archived from the original on 2009-11-22. 
  17. ^ "Upcoming Events". Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. 
  18. ^ "Zoeken - Getty Images NL: GBR: Shalamar Perform At Indigo2 At The O2 Arena In London". Gettyimages.com. 2011-10-29. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  19. ^ [1][dead link]

External links[edit]