Shalford, Surrey

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For other places with this same name, see Shalford (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 51°12′40″N 0°34′05″W / 51.211°N 0.568°W / 51.211; -0.568

Shalford
The Street, Shalford - geograph.org.uk - 1317732.jpg
The Street, Shalford
Shalford is located in Surrey
Shalford
Shalford
 Shalford shown within Surrey
Area  6.51 km2 (2.51 sq mi)
Population 4,142 (Civil Parish)[1]
    - Density  636 /km2 (1,650 /sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ0046
Civil parish Shalford
District Guildford
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Guildford
Postcode district GU4
Dialling code 01483
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Guildford
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Shalford is a village and civil parish in Surrey, England on the A281 Horsham road immediately south of Guildford. It has a railway station which is between Guildford and Dorking on the Reading to Gatwick Airport line.

It has one named locality, occupying the west of the area, Peasmarsh.

History[edit]

Shalford appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Scaldefor. It was held by Robert de Wateville from Richard Fitz Gilbert. Its domesday assets were: 4 hides; 1 church, 3 mills worth 16s, 11½ ploughs, 4 acres (16,000 m2) of meadow, wood worth 20 hogs. It rendered £20.[2]

The village also became well known for "the Great Fair of Shalford" which was set up by a charter issued by King John. In its heyday, it was said to have covered 140 acres (570,000 m²) and attracted merchants from across the country.

The mills continued to be built and operated there for hundreds of years. One still survives intact today.

The original church, mentioned in the Domesday survey, no longer exists. An early Victorian church now stands in its place. St Mary's was built in 1846 with a lychgate and stained glass.[3] Many older cottages do survive. One of the finest properties, Shalford House, dated back to the Tudor period and featured a carved stone fireplace dated 1609. Unfortunately, Shalford House was demolished in 1967 to make way for a water treatment plant. There are many Grade II listed structures including stocks and whipping post.[4]

Geography[edit]

The River Tillingbourne joins the River Wey at Shalford adjacent to the parish church. For centuries, the river provided an important source of income for the village demonstrated by the industries mentioned by those articles, such as gunpowder manufacture. Cranleigh Waters joins the Wey at the northern terminus of the Wey and Arun Canal/East Branch of the Wey. Shalford was a landing place for barges, and continues to be visited by boats today — but for pleasure rather than trade.

The surviving mill is now preserved as a tourist attraction: Shalford Mill, listed II*, situated in the centre of the village opposite the Sea Horse public house, was built in the 18th century[5] and is now owned by the National Trust.

Notable Inhabitants[edit]

Some claim that the author of The Pilgrim's Progress, John Bunyan, once lived in the village and drew his inspiration from the fair, and from the ancient route known as the Pilgrims' Way, which passes nearby, on its way to Canterbury. Lt.Col. Godwin-Austen (1834-1923), topographer, geologist, naturalist and explorer who surveyed the Himalayan region including K2, sometimes known as Mt. Godwin-Austen, for a time had an estate in Shalford.

A watercolour sketch titled 'In Captain Pierrepont's Grounds' was painted by Anthony Devis (1729–1817) not long after Captain William Pierrepont of HMS Naiad acquired Shalford Manor in 1800.

Brigadier George Roupell, a Victoria Cross recipient, died in Shalford.

Localities[edit]

Peasmarsh[edit]

The settlement of Peasmarsh on the west bank of the river Wey between Artington and Godalming is contained in the parish. It consists of a large retirement home; Astolat and Weyvern business parks which include a large Land Rover service centre, Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles, SMC Renault, Harley Davidson, IGuzzini Illuminazione (lights), Marchon UK, Maui Jim (eyeware companies), Integrian security, WHSmith plc and Efamol essential fatty acids, and Doble powertest HV testing and equipment; and four short residential roads close to the River Wey Navigation including Tilthams Green. A woodland surrounding the rebuilt manor house, being higher up than most of the reclaimed marshland, is named Peas Marsh. A barn at Littlemarsh Farm, one at Tilthams Farm and Tilthams farmhouse are grade II listed.[6][7][8] There is also a C of E church; St Michael's.

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households[1]
(Civil Parish) 623 511 287 270 30 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
(Civil Parish) 4,142 1,721 36.6% 35.7% 651[1]

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ Surrey Domesday Book
  3. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1294444)". National Heritage List for England.  St Mary's Church
  4. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029494)". National Heritage List for England.  Fosters Row English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029314)". National Heritage List for England.  Tilehouse Farm Barn English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029498)". National Heritage List for England.  Stone base to cross English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029499)". National Heritage List for England.  Mill Cottage, Watermill Cottage English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029500)". National Heritage List for England.  Mill Lane Cottages English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029501)". National Heritage List for England.  Debnershe English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029502)". National Heritage List for England.  The Mill House English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029503)". National Heritage List for England.  The First School English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1377773)". National Heritage List for England.  Gate to First School English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029504)". National Heritage List for England.  Beech House English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029505)". National Heritage List for England.  20-22 The Street English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029506)". National Heritage List for England.  Shalford Park Cottage English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1189242)". National Heritage List for England.  Whitnorth English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1189247)". National Heritage List for England.  The Seahorse public house English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1189256)". National Heritage List for England.  36-40 The Street English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1189261)". National Heritage List for England.  24-30 The Street English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1189301)". National Heritage List for England.  16-18 The Street English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1246023)". National Heritage List for England.  Cemetery Chapel English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1246024)". National Heritage List for England.  Cemetery Lychgate English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1294358)". National Heritage List for England.  Lemon Bridge Cottage English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1294391)". National Heritage List for England.  Stocks and whipping post English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1294392)". National Heritage List for England.  Bridge over Tillingbourne English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1294443)". National Heritage List for England.  69 Station Road English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1377772)". National Heritage List for England.  49 & 51 The Street English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1377774)". National Heritage List for England.  32-34 The Street English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029494)". National Heritage List for England.  Cemetery wall English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1391835)". National Heritage List for England.  The Firs English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1393082)". National Heritage List for England.  War Memorial
  5. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1294360)". National Heritage List for England.  Shalford Mill
  6. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1188371)". National Heritage List for England.  Barn in Peasmarsh
  7. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1189307)". National Heritage List for England.  Barn in Peasmarsh
  8. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1377775)". National Heritage List for England.  Farmhouse in Peasmarsh

External links[edit]