Shalmaneser V

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Shalmaneser V from Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum

Shalmaneser V (Akkadian: Šulmanu-ašarid; Hebrew: שַׁלְמַנְאֶסֶר, Modern Shalman'eser Tiberian Šalmanʼéser; Greek: Σαλαμανασσαρ Salamanassar; Latin: Salmanasar) was king of Assyria from 727 to 722 BC. He first appears as governor of Zimirra in Phoenicia in the reign of his father, Tiglath-Pileser III.

On the death of Tiglath-Pileser, he succeeded to the throne of Assyria on the 25th day of Tebet 727 BC, and changed his original name of Ululayu to "Shalmaneser". While it has been suggested that he continued to use Ululayu for his throne name as king of Babylonia, this has not been found in any authentic official sources.[1] The revolt of Samaria (Israel) took place during his reign, and while he was besieging the rebel city, he died on the 12th of Tebet 722 BC and the crown was seized by his brother Sargon II. According to the Bible, King of Israel Hoshea was captured in the 9th year of his reign after conspiring against Shalmaneser V by sending messages to Piye, king of Egypt. The Egyptians attempted to gain a foothold in the Near East (then controlled by the Assyrian Empire) by entering the region and stirring up Assyria's vassal Israelite, Judaean, Philistine, Canaanite and Samaritan subjects against Assyria, but were defeated and driven out by Shalmaneser V.[2]

The name Shalmaneser is used for him in the Bible, which attributes to him and his father the deportation of the "Ten Lost Tribes" of Israel. In the 17th and 18th chapters of 2 Kings he is described as the conqueror of Samaria and as sending its inhabitants into exile. In the book of Tobit, chapter 1, the exiled Tobit is shown finding favor in Shalmaneser's court, only to lose influence under Sennacherib.

This entry uses text with modifications from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ G. Frame, Babylonia 689-627 B.C., p. 303-304.
  2. ^ George Roux - Ancient Iraq
Preceded by
Tiglath-Pileser III
King of Assyria
727 – 722 BC
Succeeded by
Sargon II
King of Babylon
727 – 722 BC
Succeeded by
Marduk-apal-iddina II