Sham Castle

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Sham Castle
Ralph Allens Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1762356.jpg
Location Bathampton, Somerset, England
Coordinates 51°22′57″N 2°20′15″W / 51.38250°N 2.33750°W / 51.38250; -2.33750Coordinates: 51°22′57″N 2°20′15″W / 51.38250°N 2.33750°W / 51.38250; -2.33750
Built 1762
Architect Sanderson Miller
Listed Building – Grade II*
Designated 1 February 1956[1]
Reference No. 32038
Sham Castle is located in Somerset
Sham Castle
Location of Sham Castle in Somerset

Sham Castle is a folly in Bathampton overlooking the city of Bath, Somerset, England. It is a Grade II* listed building.[1] It is a screen wall with a central pointed arch flanked by two 3-storey circular turrets, which extend sideways to a 2-storey square tower at each end of the wall.[1]

It was probably designed around 1755 by Sanderson Miller and built in 1762 by Richard James, master mason for Ralph Allen, "to improve the prospect" from Allen's town house in Bath.[2]

Sham Castle is now illuminated at night.[3]

Generic term[edit]

Other 18th-century so-called "sham castles" exist at Hagley Hall and Castle Hill, Filleigh.

Rear view of Sham Castle, showing that the castle was intended to be viewed only from the front.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Sham Castle". Images of England. Retrieved 2008-03-15. 
  2. ^ Dunning, Robert (1995). Somerset Castles. Tiverton: Somerset Books. p. 77. ISBN 0-86183-278-7. 
  3. ^ Scott, Shane (1995). The hidden places of Somerset. Aldermaston: Travel Publishing Ltd. pp. 16–17. ISBN 1-902007-01-8.