|Elevation||248 m (814 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi, Urdu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||UP 19|
|Sex ratio||1000:928 ♂/♀|
Shamli is a city and district headquarters in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and a major centre of the sugar and gud in Western Uttar Pradesh, also commonly known as the Upper Doab region. Shamli was declared as a district in September 2011, almost 150 years after it was stripped of its administrative importance by the British following its role and prominence in India's first war of Independence in 1857.
It is located on the Delhi–Saharanpur super highway. It is 98Km km from Delhi, 38 km from Panipat, 65 km from Saharanpur and 40 km from Muzzafarnagar. Shamli is known for its old sugar mill called Upper Doab Sugar Mill, and serves as a market city for surrounding villages.
Shamli is located in what was historically part of the 'Kuru' region at the time when the great epic, the Mahabharata was written. Being close to Delhi, the seat of the Mughal and other Empires in India, it was generally administered directly by the Imperial Court. Being on the border of the undivided Punjab, its culture, social norms, and history were impacted both by the imperial power in Delhi, and the Punjab. The local language, called Khadi Boli, is very similar to Haryanvi, with a lot of Persian influence.
When North India had rebelled against British occupation in 1857, this region was part of the uprising, now referred to as the First War of Indian Independence. The centre of revolt operations was Shamli, which was liberated for some time by chaudhary Mohar Singh, the local Zamindar (Landlord). After the uprising failed, British retribution was severe here, with a large scale massacre of the freedom fighters in Shamli and of their supporters in Thanabhavan and nearby areas, completely crippling the region.
The local politics of the area is dominated by the Jats, Gurjars (Rana Chauhan), the Rajputs (Kashyap, kuswaha, Rawa Pundeer) in village area, the Bania community in city and the Muslims.
Shamli is located at  It has an average elevation of 248 metres (814 ft)..
The city lies on the highways linking major cities in this area, such as Delhi, Meerut, Karnal, Panipat, Baghpat, Muzaffarnagar and Saharanpur. It lies to the east of the Yamuna river, which marks the borders of two Indian states, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. The area is called 'Doab' meaning "a place lying in the alluvium of two rivers" — since it is situated in between the two great rivers of India – the Ganges and the Yamuna. It is a major area of sugarcane cultivation and hence an area which attracts the sugar industries. It is a developing city of Western Uttar Pradesh.
Being a part of Western Uttar Pradesh with close proximity to Haryana, the economy of Shamli is largely driven by agriculture and related industries. The land surrounding Shamli is very fertile, and the area was a part of the green revolution that brought a lot of prosperity to the region. Dotted with numerous villages all around, the area is a major centre of wheat and suger cane production.
Provisional data from the 2011 census shows that Shamli has a population of 107,233, of which 57,236 are male and 49,997 are female. The literacy rate is 81.97 per cent.
- "UP gets three new districts: Shamli, Panchsheel Nagar, Bhimnagar". The Indian Express (The Indian Express ltd). 29 September 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
- "UP CM changes name of Rampur's Bhimrao Ambedkar Planetarium, Mayawati cries foul". India Today (Living Media India Limited). 18 September 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
- "Shamli". Falling Rain Genomics Inc. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF), Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011 (Office of the Register General and Census Commissioner, India), retrieved 7 July 2012