Shammuramat or Sammu-ramat was a Queen of Assyria between 811 and 808 BCE.
Shammuramat was a wife of King Shamshi-Adad V and after he died, she reigned for three years on the throne of Assyria. Other chronologies suggest that her regency lasted from 809 to 792 BCE.
Her son was King Adad-nirari III and her grandson was King Shalmaneser IV.
Shammuramat's stela (memorial stone) has been found at Assur, while an inscription at Nimrud indicates that she was dominant there after the death of her husband and before the rule of her son.
The legendary Semiramis is usually considered a purely mythical figure, however, there is evidence in Assyrian records suggesting that she may, in fact, be a Greek reflection of Shammuramat. This identification is disputed. Another possibility is that she is given that title after death to reflect similarities with an earlier Sumerian deity.
Legend describes Seriramis as being of divine origin, a specialist in Botany, an alchemist with a deep knowledge of the kinds of plants.