Shamong Township, New Jersey
|Shamong Township, New Jersey|
|Township of Shamong|
Shamong Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Shamong Township, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||February 19, 1852|
|• Mayor||Ken Long (term ends December 31, 2014)|
|• Administrator / Clerk||Susan Onorato|
|• Total||44.994 sq mi (116.534 km2)|
|• Land||44.392 sq mi (114.974 km2)|
|• Water||0.602 sq mi (1.560 km2) 1.34%|
|Area rank||41st of 566 in state
6th of 40 in county
|Elevation||56 ft (17 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2013)||6,444|
|• Rank||329th of 566 in state
26th of 40 in county
|• Density||146.2/sq mi (56.4/km2)|
|• Density rank||526th of 566 in state
35th of 40 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||609 exchanges: 268, 801, 859|
|GNIS feature ID||0882084|
Shamong Township is a township in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 6,490, reflecting an increase of 28 (+0.4%) from the 6,462 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 697 (+12.1%) from the 5,765 counted in the 1990 Census.
Shamong was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 19, 1852, from portions of Medford Township, Southampton Township and Washington Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Woodland Township (March 7, 1866) and Tabernacle Township (March 22, 1901).
Shamong Township is located at United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 44.994 square miles (116.534 km2), of which, 44.392 square miles (114.974 km2) of it was land and 0.602 square miles (1.560 km2) of it (1.34%) was water.(39.78495,-74.71645). According to the
The township is one of 56 South Jersey municipalities that are included within the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve, a protected natural area of unique ecology covering 1,100,000 acres (450,000 ha), that has been classified as a United States Biosphere Reserve and established by Congress in 1978 as the nation's first National Reserve. All of the township is included in the state-designated Pinelands Area, which includes portions of Burlington County, along with areas in Atlantic, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester and Ocean counties.
This area and much of present-day southern New Jersey was inhabited by Lenape at the time of European encounter. They spoke Unami, one of the three major dialects of Lenape, which was part of the Algonquian language family. The Lenape ranged from the New York metropolitan area and western Long Island, into New Jersey, eastern Pennsylvania along the Delaware River, and Delaware.
By the mid-eighteenth century, English colonists had pushed the local Lenape of southern New Jersey onto what was called the Brotherton Indian Reservation, in the area of present-day Indian Mills, which was named for mills built and operated by the Brotherton people, who were converted Christian Indians. Some were moved in 1765 from Cranbury, New Jersey. With continuing pressure after the American Revolutionary War, the Brotherton Indians of New Jersey migrated to New York, accepting an offer by the Stockbridge Indians, also Christian Indians, to settle on their reservation in the central part of the state, where they had been allocated land by the Oneida people, one of the Iroquois nations. Also migrating there were some of the Munsee-speaking Lenape from the northern part of their territory. These were all remnant peoples trying to reorganize after years of disease and conflict with colonists and major powers. The Brotherton Indians sold their last property in New Jersey in 1818 and had essentially been absorbed by the Munsee.
Settlers from New England poured into New York after the Revolutionary War, encroaching on Indian territory. Finally, the Stockbridge and Munsee relocated to Wisconsin in the 1820s and 1830s, pushed out with the Oneida by the United States Indian Removal policy to relocate Native Americans to west of the Mississippi River. Today the Stockbridge-Munsee Community is a federally recognized tribe, with a 22,000-acre (8,900 ha) reservation in Shawano County, Wisconsin.
1860-1870 1870 1880-1890
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,490 people, 2,168 households, and 1,825 families residing in the township. The population density was 146.2 per square mile (56.4 /km2). There were 2,227 housing units at an average density of 50.2 per square mile (19.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 96.86% (6,286) White, 0.92% (60) Black or African American, 0.20% (13) Native American, 0.59% (38) Asian, 0.02% (1) Pacific Islander, 0.26% (17) from other races, and 1.16% (75) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.30% (149) of the population.
There were 2,168 households, of which 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.7% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.8% were non-families. 12.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.28.
In the township, 26.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 21.7% from 25 to 44, 34.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.9 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.3 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $104,063 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,752) and the median family income was $110,848 (+/- $10,655). Males had a median income of $80,188 (+/- $22,205) versus $53,591 (+/- $14,752) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $38,817 (+/- $3,645). About 2.4% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.6% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 6,462 people, 2,132 households, and 1,820 families residing in the township. The population density was 144.2 people per square mile (55.7/km²). There were 2,175 housing units at an average density of 48.5 per square mile (18.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.25% White, 0.82% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.31% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.05% of the population.
There were 2,132 households out of which 44.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.2% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.6% were non-families. 11.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.29.
In the township the population was spread out with 29.4% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 29.2% from 45 to 64, and 6.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.8 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $77,457, and the median income for a family was $82,534. Males had a median income of $55,664 versus $35,440 for females. The per capita income for the township was $30,934. About 2.3% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 2.1% of those age 65 or over.
Shamong Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle. At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.
As of 2014[update], members of the Shamong Township Committee are Mayor Ken Long (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2015; term as mayor ends 2014), Deputy Mayor Sean Gray (R, 2015), Michael Di Croce (R, 2016), Tim Gimbel (R, 2016) and Martin Mozitis (R, 2014).
Township Committee member Chris Norman left office in January 2012, citing potential conflicts of interest in his employment with a law firm that does business with the township and was replaced by Tim Gimbel on an interim basis before Gimbel won election in November 2012 to serve the balance of Norman's term ending December 2013.
Federal, state and county representation
Shamong Township is located in the 3rd Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 8th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Shamong Township had been split between the 2nd Congressional District and the 3rd Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.
New Jersey's 3rd Congressional District is represented by Jon Runyan (R, Mount Laurel Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).
For the 2004-15 Session, the 8th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Dawn Marie Addiego (R, Evesham Township) and in the General Assembly by Christopher J. Brown (R, Evesham Township) and Maria Rodriguez-Gregg (R, Evesham Township). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Burlington County is governed by a Board of chosen freeholders, whose five members are elected at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year. The board chooses a director and deputy director from among its members at an annual reorganization meeting held in January. As of 2014[update], Burlington County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Bruce Garganio (R, 2014; Florence Township), Deputy Director Joseph Howarth (R, 2014; Evesham Township) Aimee Belgard (D, 2015; Edgewater Park Township), Joseph B. Donnelly (R, 2016; Cinnaminson Township) and Joanne Schwartz (D, 2015; Southampton Township). Gargiano was named in March 2014 to serve the unexpired term of Leah Arter and was chosen to fill her position as Freeholder Director.
The Shamong Township School District serves public school students in kindergarten through eighth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's two schools had an enrollment of 900 students and 68.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.14:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Indian Mills Elementary School for grades K-4 (466 students) and Indian Mills Memorial Middle School for grades 5-8 (434 students).
Public school students in Shamong Township in ninth through twelfth grades attend Seneca High School located in Tabernacle Township, serves students in ninth through twelfth grade from Shamong, Southampton, Tabernacle and Woodland Townships. The school is part of the Lenape Regional High School District. The district serves also students from Evesham Township, Medford Lakes, Medford Township, Mount Laurel Township, Southampton Township, Tabernacle Township and Woodland Township.
Students from Shamong Township, and from all of Burlington County, are eligible to attend the Burlington County Institute of Technology, a countywide public school district that serves the vocational and technical education needs of students at the high school and post-secondary level at its campuses in Medford and Westampton Township.
The township had a total of 76.92 miles (123.79 km) of roadways, of which 53.03 miles (85.34 km) are maintained by the municipality, 17.42 miles (28.03 km) by Burlington County and 6.47 miles (10.41 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Shamong Township include:
- John J. Gardner (1845-1921), Mayor of Atlantic City, New Jersey who represented New Jersey's 2nd congressional district from 1893 to 1913.
- Keith Jones (born 1968), former forward for the Philadelphia Flyers.
- Juliet Richardson (born 1980), singer, known as Juliet, best known for her 2005 album Random Order and hit single "Avalon".
- Joe Vento (1939-2011), owner of South Philadelphia cheesesteak shop Geno's Steaks.
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- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 265, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 29, 2013. "Shamong township contains extensive cedar swamps. Population in 1860, 1,008; and in 1870, 1,149. Fruitland and Shamong are post towns."
- Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed July 9, 2013.
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- New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed August 30, 2012.
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- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Shamong township, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 30, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Shamong township, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 30, 2012.
- Shamong Township 2013 Reorganization Meeting Minutes, Shamong Township, January 8, 2013. Accessed July 29, 2013. "Sean Gray and Kenneth Long were sworn in as Committee Members for a three-year term ending December 31, 2015 by Douglas Heinold, Esq. Timothy Gimbel was sworn in as a Committee Member for the completion of a term expiring December 31, 2013, by Douglas Heinold, Esq.... On motion of Committeeman Gray, seconded by Committeeman Long, it was moved to appoint Jonathon Shevelew to serve as the 2013 Mayor.... On Motion of Committeeman Gimbel, seconded by Committeeman Long, it was moved to appoint Sean Gray to serve as the 2013 Deputy Mayor."
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- Kolumbic, Dubravka. "ELECTIONS: Results from municipal races", The Central Record, November 13, 2013. Accessed July 27, 2014. "Shamong: Republican Commiteemen Tim Gimbel (1,353) and Michael Di Croce (1,346) easily won reelection to their two seats on committee as no Democratic nominations were made."
- Tait, Adam III. "Norman steps down from Shamong Township Committee, citing conflict of interest with new position", Medford Central record, January 30, 2012. Accessed December 1, 2013. "Committeeman Chris Norman resigned his seat on Jan. 17. The move was made necessary because Norman’s new position as an attorney with the firm of Raymond, Coleman and Heinold, would have been a conflict of interest, as that firm represents Shamong in legal matters."
- Tait, Adam III. "Shamong swears new committeeman", ""Journal Register News, February 21, 2012. Accessed December 1, 2013. "Tim Gimbel was sworn in as the township’s newest committeeman at the group’s last meeting. Gimbel was chosen from among three candidates for the all-Republican board, with the oath of office administered by Solicitor Douglas Heinold."
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- Aimee Belgard, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
- Joseph B. Donnelly, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
- Joanne Schwartz, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
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- Hefler, Jan. "Garganio again to head Burlco Freeholder Board", The Philadelphia Inquirer, March 29, 2014. Accessed July 27, 2014. "The new director of the Burlington County Freeholder Board is Bruce Garganio, a Republican who led the five-member board for three years before he was defeated in his bid for reelection in November 2011.... Two weeks ago, the county Republican Committee tapped Garganio to fill the one-year vacancy that was created after Leah Arter resigned as freeholder director."
- District information for Shamong Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 27, 2014.
- School Data for the Shamong Township Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 27, 2014.
- Indian Mills Elementary School, Shamong Township School District. Accessed July 29, 2013.
- Indian Mills Memorial Middle School, Shamong Township School District. Accessed July 29, 2013.
- New Jersey School Directory for the Shamong Township School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed July 29, 2013.
- Seneca High School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed July 27, 2014. "ATTENDANCE AREA: Shamong, Southampton, Tabernacle and Woodland Townships "
- High School Sending Districts, Burlington County Public Library, backed up by the Internet Archive as of September 27, 2006. Accessed December 1, 2013.
- Lenape Regional High School District 2013 Report Card District Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed July 27, 2014. "The Lenape Regional High School District serves the eight municipalities of Evesham, Medford, Mount Laurel, Shamong, Southampton, Tabernacle and Woodland Townships and Medford Lakes Borough. Encompassing an area of 350 square miles the Lenape District is the largest school district in Burlington County."
- Why Choose BCIT?, Burlington County Institute of Technology. Accessed December 1, 2013.
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- Staff. The New Jersey Law Journal, Volume 44, p. 95. Honeyman & Rowe, 1921. Accessed December 1, 2013. "Ex Congressman John J Gardner While not a lawyer it was not his fault that he was not a member of the New Jersey Bar This is to be said of Ex Congressman John J. Gardner of, formerly, Atlantic City, who died on his farm at Indian Mills, Burlington county on Feb. 7th last, of heart disease."
- Leakan, Paul. "Reeve Paralysis Foundation cause hits home Med. Lakes family to host fund-raiser", Burlington County Times, March 6, 2005. Accessed August 30, 2012. "Dana Reeve, country-music star Kenny Rogers, Philadelphia Eagles offensive tackle Jon Runyan, who lives in Mount Laurel, and former Philadelphia Flyers right-winger Keith Jones, a resident of Shamong, are among those scheduled to attend, Miles said."
- Hafetz, David. "Ambitious 17-year-old Proves She's In A Class By Herself", The Philadelphia Inquirer, May 17, 1997. Accessed December 1, 2013. "When Juliet Richardson takes her trip down memory lane, she might not know which way to turn: The 17-year-old from Shamong has been a student in high school and college at the same time."
- Staff. "SJ Faces: Joe Vento", Courier-Post, January 2, 2005. Accessed August 30, 2012. " But he and Eileen, his wife of 43 years, have called a Shamong horse farm home since the mid-1970s (their son, Geno, 33, lives in Cherry Hill)."
- Wells, Steven. "Vento Venting: The Geno's proprietor doesn't speak for South Philly", Philadelphia Weekly, July 19, 2006. Accessed April 9, 2008.
- Shamong Township website
- Shamong Township Public Schools
- Shamong Foundation for Educational Excellence
- Shamong Township Public Schools's 2012–13 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- Data for the Shamong Township Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- Lenape Regional High School District
- Shamong Sun News