Shamosuchus

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Shamosuchus
Temporal range: Late Cretaceous, 85–66Ma
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Superorder: Crocodylomorpha
Family: Paralligatoridae
Konzhukova, 1954
Genus: Shamosuchus
Mook, 1924
Species
  • S. djadochtaensis Mook, 1924 (type)
  • S. ancestralis (Konzhukova, 1954)
  • S. gradilifrons (Konzhukova, 1954)
  • S. borealis (Efimov, 1975) (including S. occidentalis Efimov, 1982)
  • S. ulgicus (Efimov, 1981)
  • S. major (Efimov, 1981)
  • S. tersus Efimov, 1983
  • S. ulanicus Efimov, 1983
  • S. karakalpakensis Nesov et al., 1989
Synonyms
  • Paralligator Konzhukova, 1954

Shamosuchus is an extinct genus of neosuchian crocodile that lived during the Late Cretaceous (Santonian-Maastrichtian) period in what is now the Gobi desert of Mongolia, approximately 85 to 66 million years ago. The teeth were adapted to crush bivalves, gastropods and other animals with a shell or exoskeleton[citation needed]. The genus was named in 1924 by Charles C. Mook.[1]

Most of the information on this genus comes from the type species S. djadochtaensis, including a well preserved skull. The eye and nasal openings were not raised above the skull as in modern crocodilians, so that the animal would have to raise its head completely out of the water to breathe[citation needed]. As this cranial morphology does not suit an ambush predator, it lends support to the idea of a diet of aquatic invertebrates.

The genus Paralligator, named in 1954, was synonymized with Shamosuchus in 1983.[2][3] Several species of Paralligator, including P. gradilifrons and P. sungaricus, have been reassigned as species of Shamosuchus.[2][4][5] "P". sungaricus is known from the Early Cretaceous Nenjiang Formation in Jilin Province, China.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mook, C. C. (1924). "A new crocodilian from Mongolia". American Museum Novitates 117: 1–5. 
  2. ^ a b Konzhukova, E. D. (1954). "Newly discovered crocodiles from Mongolia". Transactions of the Institute of Palaeozoology, USSR Academy of Sciences 48: 171–194. 
  3. ^ Efimov, M. B. (1983). "Review of fossil crocodiles of Mongolia". Transactions of the Joint Soviet–Mongolia Paleontological Expedition 24: 76–95. 
  4. ^ Rozhdestvenskiy, A. K. (1974). "History of the dinosaur fauna of Asia and other continents and questions concerning paleogeography". Transactions of the Joint Soviet–Mongolia Paleontological Expedition 1: 107–131. 
  5. ^ Storrs, G. W.; and Efimov, M. B. (2000). "Mesozoic crocodyliforms of north-central Eurasia". In Michael J. Benton, Mikhail A. Shishkin, David M. Unwin, Evgenii N. Kurochkin (eds.). The Age of Dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia. Cambridge University Press. pp. 402–419. 
  6. ^ Sun, A.-L. (1958). "A new species of Paralligator from Sungarian Plain.". Vertebrata PalAsiatica 2 (4): 277–280. 
  7. ^ Wu, X.-C.; Cheng, Z.-W.; and Russell, A. P. (2001). "Cranial anatomy of a new crocodyliform (Archosauria: Crocodylomorpha) from the Lower Cretaceous of Song-Liao Plain, northeastern China". Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 38: 1653–1663. doi:10.1139/cjes-38-12-1653. 

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