Shams Pahlavi

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Princess Shams
Princess of Iran
Mohammad Pahlavi Coronation.jpg
Coronation of the Shah of Iran in 1967. Princess Shams (right).
Spouse Fereydoun Djam (m.1937-div.1944)
Mehrdad Pahlbod (m.1945-w.1996)
Issue Shahboz Pahlbod
Shahyar Pahlbod
Shahrazad Pahlbod
Full name
English: Shams ul-Mulk
Persian: شمس الملک
House House of Pahlavi
Father Rezā Shāh
Mother Tadj ol-Molouk
Born (1917-10-28)28 October 1917
Tehran, Iran
Died 29 February 1996(1996-02-29) (aged 78)
Santa Barbara, United States
Burial Santa Barbara Cemetery[1]

Princess Shams Pahlavi (Persian: شمس پهلوی‎) ((1917-10-28)28 October 1917, Tehran, Iran – 29 February 1996(1996-02-29), Santa Barbara, California, United States) was the elder sister of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran. During her brother's, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, reign she was the president of the Red Lion and Sun Society.[2]

Early life[edit]

Princess Shams was born in Tehran on 28 October 1917.[3] She is the elder daughter of Rezā Shāh and Tadj ol-Molouk.[3]

Personal life[edit]

Shams Pahlavi married Fereydoun Djam, son of then prime minister of Iran, Mahmoud Djam, under strict orders from her father in 1937, but the marriage was an unhappy one and the couple divorced immediately after the death of Rezā Shāh.[3]

Following the deposition of Reza Shah after the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran in 1941, Shams accompanied her father during his exile to Port Louis, Mauritius, and later Johannesburg, South Africa, and published her memoir of this trip in monthly installments in the Ettela'at newspaper in 1948.

She was deprived of her ranks and titles for a brief period of time after her second marriage to Mehrdad Pahlbod, and lived in the United States from 1945 to 1947. Later, a reconciliation with the court was achieved and the couple returned to Tehran only to leave again during the upheavals of the Abadan Crisis. She converted to Roman Catholicism in the 1940s.[4] Her husband and children adopted Catholicism after her.

Styles of
Princess Shams of Iran
Imperial Coat of Arms of Iran.svg
Reference style Her Imperial Highness
Spoken style Your Imperial Highness
Alternative style Ma'am

After returning to Iran following the 1953 coup which reestablished the rule of her brother, she maintained a low public profile, contrary to that of her sister Princess Ashraf Pahlavi, and confined her activities to the management of the vast fortune she inherited from her father.

In the late 1960s she commissioned the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation architects to build her the Morvarid Palace in Mehrshahr near Karaj, and Villa Mehrafarin in Chalous, Mazandaran.

She left Iran for the United States after the Islamic Revolution and died of cancer on her Santa Barbara estate in 1996.

Santa Barbara Estate, 1981, California.

Honours[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]