Shamshi-Adad V

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Shamshi-Adad V
Shamshi-Adad V-1.jpg
Detail from a stele portraying Shamshi-Adad V in British Museum
Title King of Assyria
Spouse(s) Shammuramat
Children King Adad-nirari III
Parents King Shalmaneser III

Shamshi-Adad V was the King of Assyria from 824 to 811 BC. He was named after the god Adad, who is also known as Hadad.[1][2]

Family[edit]

Shamshi-Adad was a son and successor of King Shalmaneser III, the husband of Queen Shammuramat (by some identified with the mythical Semiramis), and the father of Adad-nirari III, who succeeded him as king.[3]

He was also a grandfather of Shalmaneser IV.[4][5]

Reign[edit]

The first years of Shamshi-Adad's reign saw a serious struggle for the succession of the aged Shalmaneser.

The revolt was led by Shamshi-Adad's brother Assur-danin-pal, and had broken out already by 826 BC. The rebellious brother, according to Shamshi-Adad's own inscriptions, succeeded in bringing to his side 27 important cities, including Nineveh. The rebellion lasted until 820 BC, weakening the Assyrian empire and its ruler; this weakness continued to reverberate in the kingdom until the reforms of Tiglath-Pileser III.

Later in his reign, Shamshi-Adad campaigned against Southern Mesopotamia, and stipulated a treaty with the Babylonian king Marduk-zakir-shumi I.

In 814 BCE, he won the Battle of Dur-Papsukkal against the Babylonian king Marduk-balassu-iqbi, and a few Aramean tribes settled in Babylonia.

Preceded by
Shalmaneser III
King of Assyria
824–811 BC
Succeeded by
Adad-nirari III

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Reilly, Jim (2000) "Contestants for Syrian Domination" in "Chapter 3: Assyrian & Hittite Synchronisms" The Genealogy of Ashakhet;
  2. ^ Empires and Exploitation: The Neo-Assyrian Empire, P Bedford, WA Perth, 2001
  3. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition
  4. ^ Georges Roux: Ancient Iraq, Penguin Books, London 1992, ISBN 0-14-012523-X, p. 302.
  5. ^ Britannica.com