Shana Madoff

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Shana Madoff
Born (1967-12-08) December 8, 1967 (age 47)
Queens, New York
Education
Occupation Rules and compliance officer and attorney
Years active 1995–2008
Employer Bernard L. Madoff Investment Securities
Known for Compliance officer/attorney at uncle Bernard Madoff's firm, which was the largest financial fraud in U.S. history
Spouse(s) Eric Swanson
Children One daughter[1]
Parents Peter Madoff, father

Shana Madoff, sometimes referred to as Shana Madoff Skoller Swanson, (born December 8, 1967) is an American attorney. She is a daughter of Peter Madoff, and a niece of Bernard Madoff, who operated a multi-billion-dollar Ponzi scheme that is considered to be the largest financial fraud in U.S. history.[2][3][4]

She was a compliance officer and attorney at her uncle's firm, Bernard L. Madoff Investment Securities (BLMIS), from 1995 until 2008. In December 2008 it was discovered to be a Ponzi scheme, and closed as part of the Madoff investment scandal. She also served on compliance Executive Committees of the Securities Industry Association and the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association (SIFMA), and served on the compliance advisory committee of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), a securities industry "self-regulatory organization". Her uncle Bernard was sentenced to 150 years in jail for the scheme, and her father, who was her boss at the company and the chief compliance officer, was sentenced to 10 years in jail.

She is married to Eric Swanson, a former Assistant Director of the Office of Compliance Investigations and Examinations at the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). She first met her husband when he was conducting an SEC examination of whether Bernie Madoff was running a Ponzi scheme.

Early life[edit]

She was born in Queens, New York, in 1967, and grew up in Woodbury on the North Shore of Long Island.[5][6] She graduated from the University of Michigan, and from Fordham Law School in 1995.[3][4]

Career[edit]

In 1995, after graduating from law school, Shana Madoff started to work at her uncle's firm, Bernard L. Madoff Investment Securities (BLMIS).[3][7] She was a rules and compliance officer and attorney at BLMIS, a significant senior officer position for which she collected millions of dollars. She was also a compliance officer and attorney for Cohmad Securities, which was co-owned by her uncle and helped bring investors to BLMIS.[2][8][9] She was responsible for ensuring that BLMIS complied with its legal and regulatory obligations, and she signed documents assuring the SEC that BLMIS's business records were truthful and accurate.[8][10] In fact, however, while the documents certified to the SEC that BLMIS had 23 clients and $17.1 billion under management, it in actuality had 4,900 customers with a nominal $68 billion in investments.[8]

At the same time, Shana Madoff took prominent positions in industry organizations. She served on the Executive Committee of the Compliance & Legal Division of the Securities Industry Association, which merged with another industry organization to become SIFMA, the lobbying arm of the industry, in November 2006.[2][2][5][11] She then became an active member of the Executive Committee of SIFMA's Compliance & Legal Division, while her father served on SIFMA's board of directors.[5][12] She resigned that position after her uncle's arrest.[12] She also served on the compliance advisory committee of FINRA, a securities industry "self-regulatory organization".[3]

Madoff scandal[edit]

Subsequent to the Ponzi scheme in the Madoff investment scandal becoming public, a spokesman for Shana Madoff said she had "no prior knowledge of the horrific fraud perpetuated."[13]

She is married to Eric Swanson, an attorney and a former Assistant Director of the Office of Compliance Investigations and Examinations at the SEC, the securities regulator, whom she met in April 2003.[2][5][14] She and Swanson met originally during an SEC examination of whether Bernie Madoff was running a Ponzi scheme, and the two started a regular correspondence; during 2003, Swanson sent Peter Madoff several regulatory requests.[2][15][16][17][18][19]

In March 2004, SEC lawyer Genevievette Walker-Lightfoot was reviewing Madoff's firm and raised questions to Swanson (who was her boss's supervisor) about unusual trading at one the Madoff funds; she was told to instead concentrate on an unrelated matter.[20][21] Swanson and her boss asked for her research, but did not act upon it.[21]

In February 2006, Swanson was emailed by Assistant Director John Nee that the SEC’s New York Regional Office was investigating a complaint that Bernard Madoff might be running "the biggest Ponzi scheme ever."[15] In April 2006, Swanson informed John McCarthy, Associate Director in the SEC Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations, of his relationship with Shana Madoff, and McCarthy was very upset.[15][16] When McCarthy found out later that month that the relationship was still continuing, and confronted Swanson about it, Swanson came clean and McCarthy was again extremely upset.[16] Swanson left the SEC on September 15, 2006.[2][22]

The SEC closed its investigation of Bernie Madoff in 2006. In 2009, after the scandal broke, SEC Inspector General H. David Kotz investigated, and concluded that there was no evidence that Swanson's romantic relationship with Shana Madoff influenced the closing of the SEC investigation of Madoff.[23][24] He did conclude, however, that: "Swanson's communication with Shana during the period of time he was engaged in a cause examination of her uncle and father's firm, created the appearance of a potential conflict of interest."[25]

Swanson left the SEC on September 15, 2006.[2][22] Swanson and Shana Madoff became engaged on December 8, 2006.[2][26]

The September 2007 wedding of Shana Madoff and Swanson was attended by Lori Richards, the SEC's Director of Compliance Investigations and Examinations, who oversaw Swanson at the SEC.[2][14][27][28] In 2008, Bernard Madoff spoke at a business roundtable meeting of his "very close" relationship with an SEC lawyer, and chuckled: "my niece even married one".[29][30] In April 2009, Richards recused herself from the Madoff investigation.[27] Swanson is now general counsel at BATS Trading, the third-largest U.S. stock exchange.[31]

Shana Madoff's uncle Bernard pleaded guilty to federal charges against him, following the Madoff investment scandal becoming public, in March 2009. He was sentenced to 150 years in jail. Her father, the chief compliance officer of BLMIS who was her boss at the company, pleaded guilty in July 2012 to fabricating documents to evade taxes and to help BLMIS escape SEC scrutiny. He was sentenced to 10 years in jail.[8][13] As part of her father's forfeiture deal with the Justice Department, the $2.3 million in proceeds from selling Shana's five-bedroom East Hampton, New York, weekend house was surrendered.[8]

In October 2009, court-appointed trustee Irving Picard charged in a civil lawsuit that she played a role in filing a January 2008 form that inflated the assets that the Madoff firm in fact had.[32] Picard sued her and her father and two cousins (Mark Madoff and Andrew Madoff) for what he said was $198.7 million of misappropriated customer money while they were executives of BLMIS, alleging that had they done their jobs honestly the scheme might never have succeeded or continued as long as it did.[10] Picard said:

It would seem impossible for her to carry out her compliance duties, year in and year out, without questioning or considering whether BLMIS's IA [investment advisory business] was a fraud. Either [she and her father] failed completely to carry out their required supervisory/compliance roles, or they knew about the fraud, but covered it up.[8]

She called the claim baseless, and said she had no knowledge of the scheme.[10]

In 2012, U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara stated: "We are not yet finished calling to account everyone responsible for the epic fraud of Bernard Madoff and the epic pain of his many victims."[8] Columbia Law School Professor John Coffee, referring to Shana and her cousin Andrew, said: "The prosecutors ... have done the low-hanging fruit; they are now reaching to the medium-level fruit… Beyond the two kids, I do not know how much farther they will want to go."[8] Coffee said:

Prosecutors can use the same charges as they did against her father, maybe not seeking 10 years, but I could see them giving her the choice of pleading to a felony conviction on the same grounds. She is a lawyer; lawyers don't get the benefit of the doubt. They could say you knew this [SEC filing] was false, even if you did not know it was a Ponzi scheme.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Buiso, Gary (January 19, 2013). "Bernie Madoff's prison-bound brother Peter Madoff parties at granddaughter’s bat mitzvah after judge postpones incarceration". New York Post. Retrieved February 14, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Investigation of Failure of the SEC to Uncover Bernard Madoff's Ponzi Scheme. Diane Publishing. 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d Jerry Oppenheimer (2009). Madoff with the Money. John Wiley & Sons. 
  4. ^ a b Peter J. Sander (2009). Madoff: Corruption, Deceit, and the Making of the World's Most Notorious Ponzi Scheme. Lyons Press. 
  5. ^ a b c d Williamson, Elizabeth (December 22, 2008). "Shana Madoff's Ties to Uncle Probed". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  6. ^ Kieran Crowley (April 13, 2009). "Jail for Dummies; Madoff Kin Seek Prison-Surivival Class". New York Post. Retrieved February 19, 2013. 
  7. ^ Erin Arvedlund (2009). Too Good to Be True: The Rise and Fall of Bernie Madoff. Penguin. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i Allan Dodds Frank (July 2, 2012). "The Madoff saga is far from over". Fortune. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  9. ^ O. C. Ferrell, John Fraedrich, Linda Ferrell, Ferrell (2012). Business Ethics: Ethical Decision Making & Cases. Cengage Learning. 
  10. ^ a b c Grant McCool, Gerald E. McCormick, Carol Bishopric (October 3, 2009). "Trustee sues Madoffs who helped run firm". Reuters. Retrieved February 14, 2013. 
  11. ^ Jerry Oppenheimer (2009). Madoff with the Money. John Wiley & Sons. 
  12. ^ a b Raymond Beresford Hamilton (2009). The Road To America's Economic Meltdown. 
  13. ^ a b Barlyn, Suzanne (December 23, 2008). "Madoff Case Raises Compliance Questions". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  14. ^ a b Nigel Da Costa Lewis (2012). The Fundamental Rules of Risk Management. CRC Press. 
  15. ^ a b c U.S. SEC Office of Investigations (August 31, 2009). "Investigation of Failure of the SEC to uncover Bernard Madoff's Ponzi Scheme (Public Version); B. Swanson's Initial Contact with Shana Madoff for SEC Office of Investigations Investigation of the SEC to Uncover Madoff Ponzi Scheme". Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  16. ^ a b c "E-Mails Reveal Internal Drama at SEC Over Maddof Firm". Fox Business. March 4, 2006. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  17. ^ Deborah Hart Strober, Gerald Strober, Gerald S. Strober (2009). Catastrophe: The Story of Bernard L. Madoff, the Man Who Swindled the World. Phoenix Books, Inc. 
  18. ^ Alexander Davidson (2010). How the Global Financial Markets Really Work: The Definitive Guide to Understanding International Investment and Money Flows. Kogan Page Publisher. 
  19. ^ Charles Gasparino (December 15, 2008). "Madoff Victims Claim Conflict of Interest at SEC". CNBC. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  20. ^ Zachary A. Goldfarb (July 2, 2009). "SEC Investigator Raised Madoff Concerns Years Ago, Was Asked to Look Elsewhere". Washington Post. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  21. ^ a b Pressler, Jessica (July 2, 2009). "SEC Lawyer Raised Questions About Madoff Back in 2004". New York Magazine. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  22. ^ a b Sandler, Linda (December 22, 2008). "Facebook Removes Madoff Web Page After Jeers, Cheers". Bloomberg. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  23. ^ Danny Schechter (2010). The Crime of Our Time: Why Wall Street Is Not Too Big to Jail. 
  24. ^ "Report Details How Madoff’s Web Ensnared S.E.C.", by David Stout, September 2, 2009, The New York Times
  25. ^ Al Lewis (September 12, 2009). "True love can never be regulated". The Denver Post. Retrieved February 19, 2013. 
  26. ^ "Unlikely Player Pulled Into Madoff Swirl", by Stephen Labaton, December 18, 2008, The New York Times
  27. ^ a b Laura Strickler (April 6, 2009). "SEC Compliance Official Recused on Madoff". CBS News. Retrieved February 19, 2013. 
  28. ^ Clifford J. Alexander, Arthur C. Delibert, Catherine S. Bardsley (1994). Money Manager's Compliance Guide. Thompson Publishing Group. 
  29. ^ Brian Ross and Joseph Rhee (December 16, 2008). "SEC Official Married into Madoff Family". ABC News. Retrieved February 26, 2013. 
  30. ^ Jerry Oppenheimer (2009). Madoff with the Money. John Wiley & Sons. 
  31. ^ David Serchuk (December 20, 2008). "Love, Madoff And The SEC". Forbes. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  32. ^ Rodney Stich (2008). America's Housing and Financial Frauds. Silverpeak Enterprises. 

External links[edit]