Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C.

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Shandong Luneng Taishan
Shāndōng Lǔnéng Tàishān
山东鲁能泰山
logo
Full name 山东鲁能泰山足球俱乐部
Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C.
Nickname(s) Big Scorers
Double Champions (双冠王)
Founded April 1956; 58 years ago (April 1956) (Semi-professional)
December 1993 (Professional)
Ground Jinan Olympic Sports Center Stadium,
Jinan, Shandong, China
Ground Capacity 56,808
Owner Shandong Luneng Group
Chairman China Liu Yu
Manager Brazil Cuca
League Chinese Super League
2014 Super League, 4th
Current season

Shandong Luneng Taishan (simplified Chinese: 山东鲁能泰山; traditional Chinese: 山東魯能泰山; pinyin: Shāndōng Lǔnéng Tàishān) is a professional Chinese football club that currently participates in the Chinese Super League. The team is based in Jinan, Shandong and their home stadium is the Jinan Olympic Sports Center Stadium that has a seating capacity of 56,808. Their current majority shareholder is the Shandong Luneng Group, which is a subsidiary of the Shandong Electric Power Group Corporation the biggest supplier of electric energy in Shandong province and is itself part of the State Grid Corporation of China.[1][2]

The club's predecessor was called Shandong Provincial team who were founded in April 1956 while the current professional football team was established in December 2, 1993. They were one of the founding members of the first fully professional top tier league in China. Since then they have gone on to win their first ever league title in the 1999 league season. They have continued to win domestic silverware with the 2006, 2008 and 2010 league titles making them one of the most successful Chinese football teams.

History[edit]

Early club era[edit]

The club was founded on April 1956 by the local Shandong Province government to participate in the recently established and expanding Chinese football league where they originally named themselves Shandong Provincial team. They took part in the 1957 league season where they started within the second tier and finished bottom within the group stages.[3] The following season saw an improvement from the team finishing an improved third within their group, however participation within the league became sporadic as the management decided to concentrate the team's efforts on the multi-sport event Chinese National Games.[4] Participating within the 1965 Chinese National Games the club ultimately came ninth within the tournament.[5] The following season any attempt to return to the league was halted for several seasons due to the Chinese Cultural Revolution.

When the league started again in 1973 Shandong were allowed to be included in the top tier and finished ninth at the end of the campaign.[6] As the seasons progressed they established themselves as regulars within the league, however the management still wished to compete within the Chinese National Games and entered a team in the 1979 tournament, which they won beating Beijing 3-1 in the final.[7] The success of that tournament acted as a springboard for the team and Shandong would experience two runners-up spots within the 1981 and 1982 league campaigns.[8] The momentum they showed at the start of the decade quickly faded and by the end of it they experienced their first ever relegation at the end of the 1989 league season.[9] Unfortunately for Shandong they experienced their second relegation the following season and were sent down to the third tier after experiencing a double relegation.[10]

The club's time within the third division did not last very long and they immediately won the division title and promotion at the end of the 1991 league season.[11] The following campaign saw the Chinese Football Association decided to make Chinese football fully professional and this seemed to spur on the club as they came third within the division and guaranteed promotion to the first fully professional top tier league, the 1994 Chinese Jia-A League, no matter what happened in the 1993 season.[12] On December 2, 1993, Shandong football club became fully professional, gathered sponsorship and changed their name to Shandong Taishan Football Club. On January 29, 1994, Jinan City, the city government sponsored and participated in the club's management, the club changed its name to Shandong Jinan Taishan Football Club to accommodate this.

Professionalism[edit]

Shandong would be one of the founding teams to participate within the inaugural fully professional 1994 Chinese Jia-A League season, however the owners quickly ran into financial problems with the improved player wages and added costs of running a professional club, which saw players often paid late.[13] The lack of funds also saw the club unable to sign any foreign imports, making them one of the few teams in the league without any foreign players within their roster. To add to the club's problems several veterans who established the club within the league such as Wang Dongning and Leng Bo left the team at the end of the season. On April 3, 1995, the club changed its name to Jinan Taishan Football Club to accommodate their sponsors, however their financial problems still remained the same and they were unable to bring any new players into the squad. Despite this the manager Yin Tiesheng promoted from within, with players such as Li Xiaopeng and Liu Yue given a chance, however it was the emergence of Su Maozhen and Tang Xiaocheng as the club's strikers, which impressed the club's supporters the most, especially once they beat the recently crowned league champions Shanghai Shenhua in the 1995 Chinese FA Cup held in Nanjing.[14] After the victory Shandong General Tobacco (Group )Co.,Ltd. became interested in the club and on March 2, 1996 took control of the team and invested 6.5 million Yuan into the club. With the continued investment from the Jinan City government as well, the club were on a sure financial footing and with Su Maozhen becoming the league's top goal scorer and the team reaching another cup final again in 1996 things looked to have improved for the team, however this time they lost to Beijing Guo'an 4-1 in Beijing.[15]

First foreign coach[edit]

On December 4, 1997 the club held a consultation with the Shandong Electric Power Group Corporation and on January 5, 1998 Shandong Electric Power Group Corporation became the majority shareholders of the club and changed the club's name to Shandong Luneng football team.[16] While the Jinan City government still had significant shareholdings within the club the new majority shareholders decided that the team needed a new direction and brought in the club's first ever foreign coach in Kim Jung-Nam at the beginning of the 1998 league season after Yin Tiesheng wasn't able to improve upon the previous season's results.[17] Kim came into Shandong with a reputation of having led South Korea into the 1986 FIFA World Cup for the first time in over 32 years. He dramatically changed the team's style of play and emphasized attacking football and his new signing from Beijing Guo'an Deng Lejun thrived on this, scoring seven goals.[18] Kim's style, however didn't bring him many wins and he resigned later in the season while Yin Tiesheng returned to manage the team away from relegation.

First league title[edit]

On December 25, 1998 former Yugoslavian national team coach Slobodan Santrač joined Shandong as their new manager for the start of the 1999 league season. With key foreign signings in Serbian goalkeeper Saša Petrović, striker Luis Romero combining with now established Chinese international Su Maozhen along with the emergence of Li Xiaopeng, Shandong had the backbone of a team that surprised many to go on the final day of the season to beat Chongqing Longxin 5-0 to claim their first ever league title.[19] Several days later the club would achieve their first ever domestic cup double when they beat Dalian Wanda 4-3 on aggregate to clinch the 1999 Chinese FA Cup, which resulted in Santrač to personally be awarded the Chinese coach of the year award.[20] The 1999 FA Cup victory would unfortunately be tainted by controversy when on February 18, 2013 it was confirmed by the Chinese police that former Chinese football association Head of refereeing Zhang Jianqiang was paid 400,000 Yuan by the club to select the referees for their fixtures in the tournament.[21] Shandong would later be fined One million Yuan by the Chinese football association for this transgression.[22]

For the start of the 2000 league season striker Casiano Delvalle and midfielder Charles Wittl were brought in to replace the exiting Luis Romero. Unfortunately for Shandong they got off to the worst possible start to the season by losing their first game of the new campaign to the newly promoted side Yunnan Hongta F.C. 1-0.[23] The club continued to struggle with defending their title and by the July 16 clash with Qingdao Yizhong Hainiu the pressure had already seen Santrač refuse to speak to the media despite Shangdong actually winning the game 4-2.[24] With the title already gone from Shandong and Santrač appearing to have lost control of the team he was forced to resign on September 13, 2000 while youth team coach Đoko Koković temporarily took over the team for the remainder of the season.[25]

Dong Gang[edit]

In preparation for the 2001 league season speculation grew as to who the new manager for the team would be with former Croatian coach Miroslav Blažević linked with the club until the club's general manager Shao Kenan step-down and Dong Gang replaced him on November 2, 2000 and he decided to hire Russian coach Boris Ignatiev.[26] With Casiano Delvalle being the previous season's top goal scorer with 15 goals and the introduction of experienced foreign internationals in Gabriel Mendoza, José Oscar Herrera and Serhiy Nahornyak expectations were high for Shandong.[27] Once again the club did not have an ideal start to the season when they faced newly promoted side Shaanxi Guoli F.C. in their opening game of the season and lost 1-0.[28] Results under Ignatiev did not improve and the team experienced their toughest defeats in the continental 2000–01 Asian Club Championship on March 23, 2001 where they lost to Júbilo Iwata 6-2, followed by a 6-0 defeat to Suwon Samsung on March 25, 2001 with both games held in Makassar, Indonesia.[29] Those games would be the first humiliating defeats for the club on the international stage and were known by the Chinese football fans as "the Makassar Massacre". The experience in Indonesia was to devastate the team for months upon returning to China where they were subjected with shame and guilt everywhere they went especially on away games where they would get booed by local fans. The team introduced Nii Lamptey in the summer and then later that year Márcio Santos to halt the losing streak. The team recovered well in the fall and finished the season with seven straight wins, finishing the campaign in sixth.[28]

Another Russian coach Valeri Nepomniachi who achieved great success in the 1990 World Cup with the Cameroon took over the team on December 18, 2001 for the 2002 league season and under his reign results improved with the club finishing in an improved fourth at the end of the campaign.[30] On February 8, 2003 it would be discovered by the Chinese football association that the general manager Dong Gang was paying referees to be biased towards his team in a scandal named "black whistle" by the Chinese media and saw Shandong given an 800,000 Yuan fine while Dong Gang escaped with a warning.[31] Nepomniachi decided to stay with the club, however the scandal severely affected the team and they struggled throughout the season finishing 12th position at the end of the 2003 league season.[32] Despite being named in the "black whistle" scandal Dong Gang remained as the team's general manager and he hired Ljubiša Tumbaković before leaving the club on November 22, 2005 to take a position with the Shandong Electric Power Group Corporation while Kang Mengjun replaced him as the club's general manager.[33]

Ljubiša Tumbaković[edit]

On January 7, 2004 Ljubiša Tumbaković was brought in as head coach for the rebranded 2004 Chinese Super League and with the signing of Chinese international striker Li Jinyu along with the emergence of Han Peng the club were able to win the 2004 FA Cup by beating Sichuan Guancheng F.C. in the final.[34] With the continued investment coming from the signing of another Chinese international in Zheng Zhi, Shandong looked to provide a better showing in the club's second outing in the 2005 AFC Champions League where they reached the quarter-finals before being humbled by eventual winners Al-Ittihad Football Club 8-3 on aggregate.[35] The capitulation at Al-Ittihad, which saw Tumbakovic and players Zheng Zhi as well as Predrag Pazin sent off for abusive and violent conduct would ultimately affect the team's performance within the league and see them lose the 2005 league title, eventually coming third.[36]

In the 2006 Chinese Super League campaign Tumbaković looked to overcome the disappointment of the previous season and with the club not in the ACL Shandong could concentrate on winning the League and Cup double.[37] With talented and motivated young players that included Cui Peng, Zhou Haibin and Wang Yongpo along with Zheng Zhi personally winning the 2006 most valuable player award while Li Jinyu gained the top goal scorer award saw Shandong breeze to the title with several games remaining and at the time the highest points and goal total in Chinese football league history.[38] After gaining his MVP Zheng Zhi would interest then top tier English club Charlton Athletic who he initially joined on loan before making his move permanent.[39] His departure would see Shandong struggle in the 2007 AFC Champions League and they couldn't improve upon their previous ACL results despite gaining 13 points they were knocked out of the competition in the group stages by Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma who beat them on goal difference. The continental exit would once again repercuss into the league and saw Shandong unable to defend their league title. Without the ACL to contend with Tumbaković was able to regroup his team again and win the 2008 league campaign on the final day of the season when a 0-0 draw against Guangzhou Pharmaceutical was enough to clinch the title.[40]

On February 7, 2009 the team's Chinese international footballer Zhou Haibin signed for top tier Dutch club PSV Eindhoven on a free transfer.[41] His sudden departure gave Shandong a confusing and difficult pre-season preparation, which saw them start the 2009 AFC Champions League with a 3-0 defeat to Gamba Osaka on March 10, 2009.[42] This detrimental start would ultimately see the club unable to reach the knock-out stages once again under Tumbaković.[43] The club's league form also suffered and after the team came fourth in their attempt to defend their title the Shandong management decided to let Tumbaković go.[44]

Sun Guoyu[edit]

On November 21, 2009 Sun Guoyu came in as the new general manager of the club and his first assignment was to hire Branko Ivanković on December 16, 2009 as the club's new head coach.[45] Established Chinese international player Deng Zhuoxiang joined the team before the start of the 2010 league campaign in hopes of revitialising the team's midfield. Once again their continental campaign saw them knocked out in the group stages of the 2010 AFC Champions League, however unlike previous seasons Shandong were able to recover from this disappointment and with the inclusion of Julio César de León during the season they were able to win the league title.[46] The club's defense of their league title saw promising youngster Zhang Chi seriously injured in the first game of the 2011 league season.[47] The repercussion of his injury saw Shandong have a slow start to the season and on the verge of being eliminated once again in the group stage of AFC, which resulted in Ivanković resigning on May 5, 2011 two days after losing 2-1 to Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors.[48] Rajko Magić took on the helm of head coach, however he was sacked after a series of losses and replaced by the head coach of the club's football school Manuel Barbosa on a caretaker basis where he guided the team to a runners-up spot in the 2011 Chinese FA Cup.[49]

On January 6, 2012 Dutch coach Henk ten Cate was appointed as the new manager of the team.[50] It was hoped that with his experience in previously managing AFC Ajax, the birthplace of total football he would enforce a faster, more free-flowing playing style. What the club got was Henk ten Cate experimenting with youth and alienating experienced regulars in Han Peng, Wang Yongpo and Liu Jindong while the youngsters were overwhelmed with the increase of competitiveness. With the club's playmaker Roda Antar out injured the management decided to sign experienced players in Du Wei, Simão Mate Junior, José Ortigoza and Leonardo Pisculichi.[51] Henk ten Cate would eventually call back Wang yongpo and Han Peng into the team, however by then the club were flirting with relegation and were knocked out of the FA Cup. Henk ten Cate would resign on September 6, 2012 and was replaced by Chinese coach Wu Jingui while Henk ten Cate stated he left for private reasons with the monotonous daily life in Taishan and living separated from his family being the main signifiers.[52]

Current squad[edit]

First team squad[edit]

As of 6 March 2014 [53]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 China GK Yang Cheng
3 China DF Du Wei
4 Australia DF Ryan McGowan
5 China DF Wang Qiang
6 China DF Zhao Mingjian
8 China FW Wang Yongpo
9 China FW Han Peng (Captain)
10 Brazil FW Vágner Love
11 China DF Wang Tong
13 China MF Zhang Wenzhao
14 China DF Mi Haolun
15 Brazil MF Júnior Urso
16 China DF Zheng Zheng
17 China FW Wu Xinghan
19 China MF Zhang Chi
No. Position Player
20 China FW Wang Gang
21 China MF Liu Binbin
22 China GK Shao Puliang
23 China MF Li Wei
24 China FW Lü Zheng
25 China GK Wang Dalei
28 China FW Hao Junmin
30 Argentina MF Walter Montillo
31 Brazil FW Aloísio
33 China MF Jin Jingdao
35 China DF Dai Lin
36 China DF Li Songyi
38 China FW Chen Hao
43 China FW Cheng Yuan
49 China MF Qi Tianyu

Reserve squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
45 China MF Cui Wei
46 China DF Wu Haoran
50 China DF Wang Jiong

Technical staff[edit]

Name Role
Brazil Cuca Manager
Brazil Cuquinha Assistant coach
Brazil Eudes Pedro Assistant coach
China Ma Baogang Assistant coach
China Wang Jun Assistant coach
Brazil Riva Carli Fitness coach
Brazil Evelton Isoppo Goalkeeping coach
Brazil Luiz Alberto Rosan Physiotherapist
Brazil Wellington Fitness coach
Croatia Sandro Juricic Physiotherapist

International players[edit]

Results[edit]

All-time League rankings

Season Div. Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Pos. FA Cup Super Cup League Cup AFC Other Att./G Stadium
1957 Jia B 6 61 NH - - - - -
1958 Jia B 9 31 NH - - - - -
1960 Jia B 8 12 32 12 62 52 12 52 9 DNE - - - - -
1965 Jia B 10 81 NH - - - - -
1973 Jia A 19 11 5 3 33 14 19 182 9 NH - - -
1974 Jia A 13 6 1 6 19 19 0 22 27 NH - - -
1976 Jia A 8 5 2 1 15 4 11 12 21 NH - - -
1977 Jia A 17 4 6 7 18 22 -4 32 11 NH - - -
1978 Jia A 30 9 12 9 29 32 -3 30 8 NH - - -
1979 Jia A 30 11 6 13 37 37 0 28 12 NH - - -
1980 Jia A 30 10 12 8 36 28 8 32 4 NH - - -
1981 Jia A 30 18 - 12 40 2 NH - - -
1982 Jia A 30 20 - 10 56 26 30 40 2 NH - - -
1983 Jia A 14 11 - 3 20 8 12 22 23 NH - - -
1984 Jia A 30 14 - 16 22 26 4 28 9 9 - - -
1985 Jia A 15 6 - 9 13 13 12 8 - - DNQ
1986 Jia A 14 6 6 2 17 6 11 18 6 5 - - DNQ
1987 Jia A 14 5 6 3 14 10 4 21 4 NH - - DNQ
1988 Jia A 25 13 8 4 27 13 14 48.5 4 NH - - DNQ
1989 Jia A 14 2 8 4 8 10 -2 14 7 NH - - DNQ
1990 Jia B 22 6 9 7 23 32 9 27 11 SF - - DNQ
1991 Yi 12 1 DNQ - - DNQ
1992 Jia B 16 4 9 3 14 13 1 6 34 DNQ - - DNQ
1993 Jia B 5 2 0/0 3 7 8 -1 4 41 NH - - DNQ
1994 Jia A 22 10 4 8 22 22 0 24 5 NH NH NH DNQ 19,727 Shandong Provincial Stadium
1995 Jia A 22 6 9 7 27 28 27 -1 6 W RU NH DNE 24,545 Shandong Provincial Stadium
1996 Jia A 22 8 7 7 23 24 -1 31 5 RU DNQ NH DNQ 42,272 Shandong Provincial Stadium
1997 Jia A 22 7 7 8 19 22 -3 28 6 QF DNQ NH DNQ 22,545 Shandong Provincial Stadium
1998 Jia A 26 8 8 10 39 40 -1 32 9 SF DNQ NH DNQ 28,231 Shandong Provincial Stadium
1999 Jia A 26 13 9 4 33 13 20 48 1 W RU NH DNQ 33,538 Shandong Provincial Stadium
2000 Jia A 26 12 4 10 35 31 4 40 5 SF DNQ NH QF 27,231 Shandong Provincial Stadium
2001 Jia A 26 13 6 7 42 32 10 45 6 SF DNQ NH DNQ 21,385 Shandong Provincial Stadium
2002 Jia A 28 14 3 11 42 42 0 45 4 R2 DNQ NH DNQ 21,571 Shandong Provincial Stadium
2003 Jia A 28 8 9 11 42 46 4 33 12 QF DNQ NH DNQ 23,286 Shandong Provincial Stadium
2004 CSL 22 10 6 6 44 29 15 36 2 W NH W DNQ 23,636 Shandong Provincial Stadium
2005 CSL 26 15 7 4 47 30 17 52 3 RU NH SF QF 26,000 Shandong Provincial Stadium
2006 CSL 28 22 3 3 74 26 48 69 1 W NH NH DNQ 31,808 Shandong Provincial Stadium
2007 CSL 28 14 6 8 53 29 24 48 3 NH NH NH Group A3 RU 22,607 Shandong Provincial Stadium
2008 CSL 30 18 9 3 54 25 29 63 1 NH NH NH DNQ 26,501 Shandong Provincial Stadium
2009 CSL 30 11 12 7 35 30 5 45 4 NH NH NH Group PP 4 17,072 Shandong Provincial Stadium
2010 CSL 30 18 9 3 59 34 25 63 1 NH NH NH Group 15,864 Shandong Provincial Stadium
2011 CSL 30 13 8 9 37 31 6 47 5 RU NH NH Group 12,112 Shandong Provincial Stadium
2012 CSL 30 8 12 10 46 43 3 36 12 SF DNQ NH DNQ 20,148 Shandong Provincial Stadium
2013 CSL 30 18 5 7 55 35 20 59 2 R4 DNQ NH DNQ 27,683 Jinan Olympic Sports Center Stadium
2014 CSL 30 12 12 6 41 29 12 48 4 W DNQ NH Group 23,931 Jinan Olympic Sports Center Stadium
no Division 2 league game in 1959, 1961–63, Shandong Did not compete in 1964;no league games in 1966-72, 1975;
Key

Managers[edit]

Only League matches are counted.

# Manager From To Season Played Won Drawn Lost Notes
1 China Yin Tiesheng 1994-02-10 1997-12-21 1994–97 88 31 27 30
2 South Korea Kim Jung-Nam 1998-01-27 1998-08-23 1998 19 5 7 7
0C China Yin Tiesheng 1998-08-24 1998-10-25 1998 7 3 1 3
3 Serbia Slobodan Santrač 1998-12-25 2000-09-13 1999–00 48 24 12 12
0C Serbia Đoko Koković 2000-09-14 2000-10-01 2000 4 1 1 2
4 Russia Boris Ignatiev 2000-11-30 2001-12-16 2001 26 13 6 7
5 Russia Valeri Nepomniachi 2001-12-18 2003-11-30 2002–03 56 22 12 22
6 Serbia Ljubiša Tumbaković 2004-01-07 2009-11-04 2004–09 164 90 43 31
7 Croatia Branko Ivanković 2009-12-16 2011-05-05 2010–11 35 20 10 5
0C Croatia Rajko Magić 2011-05-06 2011-09-14 2011 18 7 5 6
0C Portugal Manuel Barbosa 2011-09-15 2011-11-19 2011 7 4 2 1
8 Netherlands Henk ten Cate 2012-01-06 2012-09-06 2012 23 6 8 9
0C China Wu Jingui 2012-09-07 2012-11-03 2012 7 2 4 1
9 Serbia Radomir Antić 2012-12-24 2013-12-19 2013 30 18 5 7
10 Brazil Cuca 2013-12-21 present 2014

Honours[edit]

  • Chinese FA Cup Winners: 1995
  • China FA Cup Runners-up: 1996
  • League Champions, Chinese FA Cup Winners: 1999
  • CSL Cup Winners, Chinese FA Cup Winners, Chinese Super League Runners-up: 2004
  • China FA Cup Runners-up: 2005
  • Chinese Super League Winners, Chinese FA Cup Winners: 2006
  • Chinese Super League Winners: 2008
  • Chinese Super League Winners: 2010

Reserve team:

  • Coca-Cola Olympic League Champions: 2000
  • Coca-Cola Olympic League Champions: 2001
  • Reserve League Champions: 2006
  • Reserve League Champions: 2010
  • Reserve League Champions: 2011

U19 team:

  • Nike Youth League Champions; U19 Winners Cup Winners: 2005

U17 team:

  • U17 Youth League Champions: 2001
  • U17 Youth League Champions: 2003
  • Adidas Youth League Champions; U17 Winners Cup Winners: 2004
  • Nike Youth League Champions: 2005
  • Adidas Youth League Champions: 2006
  • Adidas Youth League Champions: 2007
  • U17 Winners Cup Winners: 2008

U15 team:

  • Nike Cup Winners: 2001
  • Nike Cup Winners: 2002
  • Adidas Youth League Champions: 2004
  • Nike Youth League Champions: 2005
  • Adidas Youth League Champions; U15 FA Cup Winners: 2006
  • Adidas Youth League Champions; U15 FA Cup Winners; Nike Cup Winners: 2007
  • Adidas Youth League Champions; U15 Winners Cup Winners: 2008

Affiliated clubs[edit]

SLT FC signed a 'sister' club relationship in 2013 with São Paulo.[56]

SLT FC signed a 'sister' club relationship in 2008 with Adelaide United.

SLT FC signed a 'sister' club relationship in 2005 with Jubilo Iwata.[57]

Kit Sponsor[edit]

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