Shane Leslie

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For other people named John Leslie, see John Leslie (disambiguation).
Shane Leslie
Born John Randolph Leslie
(1885-09-24)24 September 1885
Castle Leslie, County Monaghan, Ireland
Died 14 August 1971(1971-08-14) (aged 85)
Castle Leslie, County Monaghan, Ireland
Occupation Writer, diplomat, literary critic, public speaker
Nationality Irish
Genres Novel, biography, translation, criticism
Notable work(s) The Cantab

Sir John Randolph Leslie, 3rd Baronet, generally known as Shane Leslie (24 September 1885 – 14 August 1971), was an Irish-born diplomat and writer.[1] He was a first cousin of Sir Winston Churchill, the British war time Prime Minister. In 1908, Leslie became a Roman Catholic and supported Irish Home Rule.

Childhood and education[edit]

Leslie was born in Glaslough, County Monaghan, into a wealthy Anglo-Irish landowning family (49,968 acres). His father was Sir John Leslie, 2nd Baronet, and his mother, Leonie Jerome, was the sister of Winston Churchill's mother, Jennie. Both were daughters of Leonard W. Jerome. His ancestor, the Right Reverend John Leslie, Bishop of the Isles, moved from Scotland to Ireland in 1633 when he was made Bishop of Raphoe in County Donegal and was subsequently made Bishop of Clogher in 1661.[2] Bishop Leslie was a vocal opponent of Oliver Cromwell.[citation needed]

Together with his brother Norman, Leslie's early education began at home where a German governess, Clara Woelke, was their first teacher.[3] As children the brothers had more contact with servants than they had with their parents. Leslie's own daughter, Anita, said that "In my parents' view schools performed the same functions that kennels did for dogs. They were places where pets could be conveniently deposited while their owners travelled."[citation needed]

Leslie was educated at Ludgrove School, then Eton College and King's College, Cambridge. While at Cambridge University he became a Roman Catholic and a supporter of Irish Home Rule. He adopted an anglicised Irish variant of his name ("Shane"). Not overly impressed by Eton, as a lower boy he and his roommates occupied "an old battered warren betwixt the chapel cemetery and Wise's horse yard ... [T]he food was wretched and tasteless ... As for thrashings which tyrannised rather than disciplined our house, they were excessive. Bullying was endemic and Irish boys were ridiculed, especially at St Patrick's Day."[citation needed]

Leslie refused to send his own sons to Eton. They were educated at Roman Catholic Benedictine schools: Jack at Downside School and Desmond at Ampleforth College.

Adult life[edit]

Before World War I, Leslie travelled extensively[4] and in 1912 he married Marjorie Ide, the youngest daughter of Henry Clay Ide, the United States ambassador to Spain and Governor-General of The Philippines. His parents and other family members moved temporarily to London at the outbreak of war.

During the war he was in a British Ambulance Corps, until invalided out; he was then sent to Washington, D.C. to help the British Ambassador, Sir Cecil Spring Rice, soften Irish-American hostility towards England and obtain American intervention in the war in the aftermath of the 1916 Easter Rising in Dublin and the execution of its leaders. But he also looked to Ireland for inspiration when writing and edited a literary magazine that contained much Irish verse. He became a supporter of the ideals of Irish nationalism, although not physical force republicanism.[citation needed]

In the 1918 election the Irish Parliamentary Party lost massively to Sinn Féin, putting an end to Shane Leslie's political career, but as the first cousin of Winston Churchill he remained a primary witness to much that was said and done outside the official record during the negotiation of the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921. Disappointed, he felt unwanted in Ireland and abandoned by the British. Like many members of the landed gentry from the 1880s who were obliged to turn to other occupations, Shane could no longer rely on income from landholdings.

He wrote extensively, in a wide range of styles, in verse and prose, over several decades. His writings include The Oppidan (1922), a roman à clef about his life and contemporaries at Eton, an edition of the Letters of Herbert Cardinal Vaughan to Lady Herbert of Lea (1942), and a biography Mrs Fitzherbert: a life chiefly from unpublished sources (1939), together with an edition of her letters (with Maria Anne Fitzherbert), The letters of Mrs Fitzherbert and connected papers; being the second volume of the life of Mrs. Fitzherbert (1944).

Although Leslie was a passionate advocate of reforestation,[citation needed] he found the business of running an estate uncreative and boring, and transferred the estate entailed to him to his eldest son, John Norman Leslie, who succeeded as the 4th Baronet. He transferred St Patrick's Purgatory on Lough Derg to the Roman Catholic Bishop of Clogher, The Most Rev. Dr. Eugene O'Callaghan. The wealth of the Leslies had waned by the 1930s following the Wall Street crash of 1929 and a farm that was loss making. In his unpublished memoirs, he wrote "a gentleman's standing in his world was signalled by his list of clubs and it was worth paying hundreds of pounds in subs".[citation needed] The Leslies continued to maintain their lifestyle, involving attendance at the London season and the entertainment distinguished visitors, including Anthony Eden at Glaslough. At the outbreak of World War II in 1939 he joined the Home Guard. He spent the remainder of his life between Glaslough and London.

F. Scott Fitzgerald dedicated his novel The Beautiful and Damned to Leslie.[citation needed]

Family[edit]

He was the elder son of Sir John Leslie, 2nd Baronet, and Leonie Blanche Jerome. He married, firstly, Marjorie Ide, daughter of General Henry Clay Ide, on 11 June 1912 and had two sons and one daughter:

After his wife Marjorie died on 8 February 1951, Shane Leslie (died 1971, aged 85) married, secondly, Iris Carola Laing, daughter of Charles Miskin Laing, on 30 May 1958; she died in 1995.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leslie, Shane (1939). Mrs. Fitzherbert A Life. Chiefly from Unpublished Sources. Burns Oates. ASIN B0006D99I0. 
  2. ^ Burke's Peerage
  3. ^ Dooley, Terence (2001). The Decline of the Big House in Ireland. Wolfound Press Ltd. ISBN 0-86327-850-7. 
  4. ^ Leslie, Shane (1936). American wonderland: Memories of four tours in the United States of America (1911–1935). M Joseph Ltd. ASIN B00085VWEU. 

External links[edit]

Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Leslie
Baronet
(of Glaslough)
Succeeded by
John Leslie