Shanghai–Hangzhou Passenger Railway
|Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway|
CRH2-113B at Songjiang South Railway Station.
|Locale||Shanghai to Hangzhou,
People's Republic of China
|Termini||Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station
Hangzhou East Railway Station
|Daily ridership||82,000 per day (2011)|
|Opening||October 26, 2010|
|Rolling stock||CRH380A CRH380B CRH2C CRH3C|
|Line length||202 kilometres (126 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Shanghai–Hangzhou Passenger Railway|
|Simplified Chinese||沪杭客运专线 or 沪杭高速铁路|
|Traditional Chinese||滬杭客運專線 or 滬杭高速鐵路|
The Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway (Chinese: 沪杭客运专线 or 沪杭高速铁路), also known as the Huhang High-Speed Railway or Huhang Passenger Railway is a high-speed rail line in China between Shanghai and Hangzhou. The line is 202 km (126 mi) in length and designed for commercial train service at 350 km/h (217 mph). It was built in 20 months and opened on October 26, 2010. The line shortened travel time between the two cities from 78 to 45 minutes. It has made the proposed Shanghai-Hangzhou Maglev Train unlikely.
In September 2010, a test train on the Shanghai-Hangzhou high-speed line achieved a speed of 416.6 km/h (259 mph) setting a Chinese train speed record.
In October 2010, Chinese officials stated that a bullet train on the Huhang High-Speed Railway had set a new world record for train speed on a scheduled trip at 262 mph (422 km/h). (The fastest overall record is still held by the V150, a TGV prototype of France, at 356 mph (573 km/h) set in 2007.)
There are nine railway stations on the line:
- Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station
- Songjiang South Railway Station
- Jinshan North Railway Station
- Jiashan South Railway Station
- Jiaxing South Railway Station
- Tongxiang Railway Station
- Haining West Railway Station
- Yuhang South Railway Station
- Hangzhou East Railway Station.
Hangzhou East station was closed in 2010, and Hangzhou Railway Station was designated as the terminus for the high-speed trains. A new Hangzhou East station is being constructed, which will serve the Shanghai–Hangzhou Passenger Railway, as well as the new Hangzhou–Ningbo Passenger Railway and Hangzhou–Nanjing Passenger Railway. In March 2012, the Mayor of Hangzhou stated that he expected the new station to open by the end of 2012.
- xinhuanet (October 26, 2010). "China unveils Shanghai-Hangzhou high-speed railway; eyes network extension". Retrieved October 26, 2010.
- "China claims world record for fastest scheduled train". BBC News. 26 October 2010.
- "Speed test of Huhang high-speed rail sets new record of 416.6 km/h". People's Daily Online. 17:33, September 28, 2010 (Beijing Time). Retrieved Oct 26, 2010.
- Li Hui (26 January 2010). "Hangzhou railway renovation begins". China Daily. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- "Arrival by train from Shanghai". Hi Center. Hangzhou Municipal People's Government. 2 March 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- "Railway station". Hi Center. Hangzhou Municipal People's Government. Retrieved 1 May 2012.