Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport
Shànghǎi Hóngqiáo Guójì Jīchǎng
|Logo of Shanghai Airport Authority|
|IATA: SHA – ICAO: ZSSS|
|Operator||Shanghai Airport Authority|
|Location||Changning District, Shanghai|
|Hub for||China Eastern Airlines
|Elevation AMSL||3 m / 10 ft|
|Source: China's busiest airports by passenger traffic|
Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport (IATA: SHA, ICAO: ZSSS) (Chinese: 上海虹桥国际机场) is the main domestic airport serving Shanghai, with limited international flights. It is located near the town of Hongqiao in Changning District, 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) west of downtown, and is closer to the city center than Pudong Airport, Shanghai's main international airport.
Hongqiao Airport is a hub for China Eastern Airlines, Shanghai Airlines, Juneyao Airlines and Spring Airlines. In 2010, Hongqiao Airport handled 31,298,812 passengers, a growth of 24.8% over 2009, making it the 4th busiest airport in mainland China and the 41st busiest in the world. The airport was also mainland China's 5th busiest airport in terms of cargo traffic and the 7th busiest by traffic movements. By the end of 2011 Hongqiao Airport hosted 22 airlines serving 82 scheduled passenger destinations.
An airport was first built in the town of Hongqiao in the west of Shanghai in 1907, initially as a small military airfield. In March 1923, it was upgraded into the Hongqiao Airport for mixed civilian use. In 1937, Hongqiao was the site of the so-called 'Oyama Incident' in which a Japanese lieutenant was shot dead by Chinese Peace Preservation Corps soldiers in the lead-up to the Battle of Shanghai. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the airport was occupied by the Japanese and used as an air force base. Its military use continued after being handed over to the Republic of China government and, later, the People's Republic of China government. From late 1963, it was rebuilt for civilian use, and was re-opened in April 1964. A major expansion took place from March to September 1984, and another from December 1988 to December 1991.
Hongqiao Airport served as Shanghai's primary airport until the completion of Pudong International Airport in 1999, when almost all international flights were moved to Pudong. The airport presently offers mainly domestic flights, as well as five international or cross-border routes with "city-to-city" service to central Tokyo's Haneda Airport, central Seoul's Gimpo Airport, central Taipei's Songshan Airport, Hong Kong's Chek Lap Kok Airport, and Macau's Macau International Airport.
New Terminal 2 and runway 
In preparation for the Shanghai Expo, on March 16, 2010 Hongqiao Airport completed a five-year 15.3-billion-yuan expansion project, which included a 3,300-meter second runway and the new Terminal 2, boosting Hongqiao's capacity to 40 million passengers a year. Terminal 2 is four times the size of the original Terminal 1 and now houses 90 percent of all airlines at the airport (Terminal 1 is now exclusively for international flights and Spring Airlines). With the new runway, Shanghai became the first city in China to have five runways for civilian use (Shanghai-Pudong and Shanghai-Hongqiao combined).
This airport which once existed on the outskirts of the city surrounded by farms has seen the city expand around it such that one is immediately surrounded by regular commercial streetlife immediately upon exit. Hongqiao authorities have decided to install some greenspace in order to provide a more positive first look to new arrivals.
Ground transportation 
Terminal 2 of the Hongqiao Airport (Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station ( ), a major train hub served by the Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway, the Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway and the Shanghai–Nanjing Intercity High-Speed Railway. The airport's other terminal, Terminal 1 ( ), is across the airfield from Terminal 2.) is immediately adjacent to
- Hongqiao Railway Station: Line 2, Line 10
- Hongqiao Airport Terminal 2 Station: Line 2, Line 10
- Hongqiao Airport Terminal 1 Station: Line 10
The proposed extension of the Shanghai Maglev Train from Longyang Road through Shanghai South Railway Station to Hongqiao would connect the two airports. At top speed, the maglev would take only 15 minutes to travel the 55 km route. Original plans called for completing the extension by 2010, in time for the 2010 Shanghai World Expo; however, the Hongqiao extension has been postponed. There have been discussions about slowing the Maglev within urban areas but allowing full-speed operation along non-urban portions of the track. In the meantime, there remains an empty section of Terminal 2 with "Maglev" signage for this purpose.
Airlines and destinations 
Other facilities 
See also 
- Shanghai Pudong International Airport
- List of airports in the People's Republic of China
- List of the busiest airports in the People's Republic of China
- ACI releases World Airport Traffic Report 2010
- "民航局与上海市人民政府在沪签战略合作协议" (in Chinese). Carnoc. 6 April 2012.
- "Runway at Hongqiao ready for flight test". 2010-01-10.
- "Shanghai metro reaches Hongqiao Airport". Railway Gazette International. 2010-03-16.
- "Exhibit B." p. 2. "2550 Hongqiao Road Hongqiao International Airport China Eastern Airlines Building" (Archive)
- "China Eastern Airlines Corp. Ltd. (CEA)." Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved on October 3, 2009. "China Eastern Airlines Corp. Ltd. 2550 Hong Qiao Road Shanghai, 200335 China - Map"
- "Directory:World airlines." Flight International. 25–31 March 2003. 45. "Hongqiao International Airport, Shanghai, 200335, China"
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