Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station

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For the Shanghai Metro station serving this railway station, see Hongqiao Railway Station Station.
ChinaRailwayHighspeed.svg SML2.svg SML10.svg
Shanghai Hongqiao Station
上海虹桥站
Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station north side.JPG
Location
Province Shanghai
(See other stations in Shanghai)
City Shanghai
District Minhang
Shenhong Road
Coordinates 31°11′46″N 121°18′59″E / 31.19611°N 121.31639°E / 31.19611; 121.31639Coordinates: 31°11′46″N 121°18′59″E / 31.19611°N 121.31639°E / 31.19611; 121.31639
History
Pinyin Code Hongqiao
Opened July 1, 2010
Station statistics
Operator(s) Shanghai Railway Bureau
China Railway Corporation
Line(s) Jinghu High-Speed Railway
Huning Intercity Rail
Huhang High-Speed Railway
No. of platforms 16
Aiga bus inv.svg Major bus terminal(s) attached to the station
20 airtransportation inv.svg Hongqiao International Airport connected
Waiting hall
Platform
Platforms
Exit Hall

Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station (simplified Chinese: 上海虹桥站; traditional Chinese: 上海虹橋站; pinyin: Shànghǎi Hóngqiáo Zhàn) is one of the four major railway stations in Shanghai, China, the others being Shanghai Railway Station, Shanghai South Railway Station, and Shanghai West Railway Station. With a total area of 1.3 million square meters, it is the largest railway station in Asia.[1]

Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station, located in Minhang District of Shanghai, is a major part of the Hongqiao Comprehensive Transportation Hub (“the Hongqiao hub”). The station achieves a zero-distance transfer with the Terminal 2 of Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport, as well as Line 2 and Line 10 of Shanghai Metro.

Overview[edit]

The construction of the railway station began on July 20, 2008 with a total investment of more than CNY 15 billion ($2.3 billion). It was opened on July 1, 2010, simultaneously with the opening of the Shanghai–Nanjing High-Speed Railway line. The railway station takes a total area of about 1.3 million square meters and has 16 platforms, most of which are high-speed-rail configuration.[2] The main building of the train station measures 420 meters in length, 200 meters in width, and 70 meters high (counting both underground and overground floors). 80,000 tons of steel was used to construct the train station, twice the amount of steel used to build the Beijing National Stadium (Bird nest). The train station waiting hall area is more than 10,000 square meters (107,639 square ft), and is capable of handling 10,000 passengers at the same time.

Station service[edit]

The station primarily serves as the Shanghai terminus of several high-speed rail lines, including the Shanghai–Nanjing High-Speed Railway, the Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, and the Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway, the most important high-speed rail line in China.[citation needed] In addition, the station has some normal intercity lines as well.

Most long-haul non-high-speed trains to the North and South of China depart from either the main Shanghai Railway Station or the Shanghai South Railway Station.

Transportation[edit]

Local traffic[edit]

Hongqiao Railway Station of the Shanghai Metro is served by Line 2 and Line 10. It is also accessible by numerous bus lines and taxi.

Other aspects[edit]

A solar system of 20,000 solar panels, with a total area of 61,000 sq m, installed on the awnings of the station, has been described as "the world's largest stand alone integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) project". With the power output of 6.68 Megawatt, the system can produce 6.3 million kilowatt-hours (kwh) of electricity per year.[3]

Station overview[edit]

The Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station covers 4 floors.

Level B1[edit]

Automated ticket machines on Level B1.

Level B1, the underground level, contains the station exit and connections to other forms of transportation.

Arrivals at all 16 train platforms exit to this level. This level provides access to the Shanghai Metro's Hongqiao Railway Station stop, which is the western terminus of the Main Line of Line 10 and is also served by Line 2. The bus stop and taxi stand are also on this level, and there is an air-conditioned passage to Terminal 2 of Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport, through which it takes about 20 minutes to walk to the airport.

The underground level also provides some fast food, such as KFC, Gongfu, Dongfang Jibai, and shopping, such as Sasa. There are three sets of Automated Ticket Machines and four sets of Ticket Windows.

Level 1[edit]

Level 1 is where all 30 tracks running through the station are located. Most travellers simply transit through here to Level 2, the departure hall. All trains running on the Jinghu High-Speed Railway, Huhang High-Speed Railway, and the Huning Intercity Rail line wait outside of this level. A few vending machines are located near the esclators.

Level 2[edit]

Level 2 contains 3 sets of ticket windows and the massive departure hall. All trains running on the Jinghu High-Speed Railway, Huning Intercity Rail, Huhang High-Speed Railway lines have their passengers wait in this level. There are also drink vending machines distributed throughout the level.

Level 3[edit]

There are two unconnected parts of Level 3, one above Row A, and the other above Row B. Both offer fast food.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Preceding station   China Railways.svg China Railways   Following station
Terminus Shanghai–Nanjing Intercity High-Speed Railway
towards Nanjing
Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway Terminus
Terminus Shanghai–Hangzhou Passenger Railway
towards Hangzhou