Shanghai Jiao Tong University
|Shanghai Jiao Tong University|
|Postgraduates||19,436 Master Candidates
5,059 Ph.D. Candidates
|Former names||Nanyang Public School
Nan Yang College of Chiao Tung
National Chiao Tung University
Jiao Tong University
|Affiliations||C9, Universitas 21|
|Shanghai Jiao Tong University|
|Literal meaning||Shanghai Communications University|
Shanghai Jiao Tong University (Chinese: 上海交通大学; abbreviated Jiao Da (交大) or SJTU), also referred to as Shanghai Jiaotong University (no space) or simply Jiaotong University, is a public research university located in Shanghai, China. It is renowned as one of the oldest and most prestigious and selective universities in China. It is a member of the C9 League and Yangtze Delta Universities Alliance in China.
- 1 History
- 2 Academics, enrollment, and staff
- 3 Academic Ranking of World Universities
- 4 Organization
- 5 Campuses
- 6 Notable alumni
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes and references
- 9 External links
In 1896, Nanyang Public School (Chinese: 南洋公學) was founded in Shanghai by an imperial edict issued by Guangxu Emperor, under the Business and Telegraphs Office of the imperial government. Four schools were established: the normal school, school of foreign studies, middle school and a high school. Sheng Xuanhuai, the person responsible for proposing the idea to Guangxu Emperor, became the first president and was regarded as the founder of the university.
In 1904, the Ministry of Commerce took over the school, and one year later changed its name to Imperial Polytechnic College of the Commerce Ministry.
In 1906, the college was placed under the Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs, and its name was changed to Shanghai Industrial College of the Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs.
When the Republic of China was founded, the college was run by the Ministry of Communications and its name was once again changed, this time to Government Institute of Technology of the Communications Ministry.
In 1918, the republic government founded the School of Management and it became one of the oldest academic institutes.
In 1920, the institute merged with two other colleges and changed its name to Nan Yang College of Chiao Tung.
In 1938, the Ministry of Education took over the university and renamed as National Chiao Tung University (Chinese: 國立交通大學) (the separate institution of National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan, is still known by this name). In 1943, the graduate school was founded.
By the time that the Japanese surrendered in 1945 neither the Communist Party of China (CPC) nor the Kuomintang KMT trusted each other or were actively cooperating. After American-sponsored attempts to negotiate a coalition government failed in 1946, the Chinese Civil War resumed. The CPC defeated the Nationalists in 1949, forcing Chiang's government to retreat to Taiwan. During the evacuation, a part of faculty and alumni was taken to Taiwan by Chiang Kai-shek, founding National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan in 1958.
After the Chinese Civil War, the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949. Chiao Tung lost its "National" appellation and became Chiao Tung University to reflect the fact that all universities under the new socialist state would be public.
In the 1950s, the pinyin romanization system was developed in Mainland China and Chiao Tung University changed its English name to Jiao Tong University.
From 1952, the Communist government adopted a policy of creating Soviet-style specialized schools, reshuffling nearly all universities and college to model on Soviet-style higher education. Under this policy, some faculties of the university were incorporated into other universities. At the same time, engineering faculties from outside were absorbed to become a specialized engineering university. An earthquaking rearrangement came in 1956 for the school when the central government ordered the university move to Xi'an in western Chinese province Shaanxi. Afterwards, 60% departments of the university moved to Xi'an, the remaining portion was officially renamed Shanghai Jiao Tong University, SJTU. 
Shanghai Second Medical University was merged into Shanghai Jiao Tong University on July 18, 2005, under the name Medical School of Shanghai Jiao Tong University.
Since the reform and opening up policy in China, SJTU has grown substantially. It is composed of five campuses, including Xuhui, Minhang, Luwan, Qibao, and Fahua (法华), taking up an area of about 3,225,833 m2. 
Academics, enrollment, and staff
Today SJTU has 31 schools (departments), 63 undergraduate programs, 250 masters-degree programs, 203 Ph.D. programs, 28 post-doctorate programs, and 11 state key laboratories and national engineering research centers.
Its total enrollment of students amounts to 42,881, of which 1,598 are international students. There are 17,766 undergraduates, and 24,017 masters and Ph.D. candidates.
The university has more than 1,900 professors and associate professors, including 15 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 92 accredited professors and chair professors of the "Cheung Kong Scholars Program".
The Times Higher Education World University Rankings placed Shanghai Jiao Tong University to be among 276-300th university in the world in their 2012-13 rankings, while the QS World University Rankings placed the University at 123rd worldwide in 2013/14. Further, ARWU (2013) ranked it to be among 151st-200th in the world and 1st-5th in mainland China.
Academic Ranking of World Universities
Since 2003, Shanghai Jiao Tong University has produced the Academic Ranking of World Universities which analyzes the top universities in the world on quality of faculty (40%), research output (40%), quality of education (10%) and performance vs. size (10%). Its ranking is exclusively of research universities, mainly in the empirical sciences.
- Naval Architecture, Ocean and Civil Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electronic, Information and Electrical Engineering
- Materials Science and Engineering
- Life Science and biotechnology
- Shanghai Center for Systems Biomedicine
- Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
- Economics and Management
- Finance and MBA
- International and Public Affairs
- Foreign Languages
- Agriculture and Biology
- Environmental Science and Engineering
- Media and Design
- Information Security Engineering
- Software Engineering
Directly affiliated departments
- Graduate School website
- Global Executive MBA Program (In collaboration with the University of Southern California)
- Institute of Aerospace Science and Technology
- Research Institute of Micro/Nano Science and Technology
- Institute of Energy
- CWI International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital
- Ruijin Hospital(website)
- Renji Hospital(website)
- Xinhua Hospital(website)
- Shanghai First People's Hospital
- Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital (website)
- Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital
- Shanghai Third People's Hospital (Baosteel Hospital)
- Shanghai Children's Medical Center(website)
- Shanghai Chest Hospital (website)
- Shanghai Mental Health Center (website)
- Shanghai Children's Hospital (website)
SJTU Dancing Team
Diversified genres including Latin, Ballet, Chinese Folk Dance, Chinese Classical Dance and Yang Go.
- Awards: Second-class prize on National University Art Competition
Most buildings on campus were influenced by American architecture, while the main gate, which was built in 1935, is of traditional Chinese style reflecting the University's earlier status as the "Imperial Polytechnic College". The approaches to the main gate were via a series of marble bridges, similar to, although smaller than, those built in front of Tiananmen. However, recent road expansions have demolished the river as well as most of bridges. A copy of this famous gate scene have been built on the east of Minhang campus.
The construction of the campus never came to an end in the past century. Existing buildings: the Middle College building (built in 1898), the original library (built in 1919), the gymnasium (built in 1925), the administrative building (built in 1933), the Xinjian building (built in 1953), the new Upper College building (built in 1955), the second teaching building (built in 1960), Bao Zhaolong library (built in 1985) and Haoran high-tech building (built in 1996) were constructed one after another.
The university's School of International Education is located here, where a large number of international students take classes throughout the academic year (however, most international students that take degree courses are in Minhang campus). The campus still houses a variety of scientific research institutions, State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering for instance, although most moved to the new campus since 1987.
The Minhang campus is located in the Minhang District on the outskirts of metropolitan Shanghai. This young campus, which was founded in 1987, covers 2,822,903m2 once farmland. Zizhu Science Park, where Intel, ST Microelectronics, Microsoft, Sandisk and other high-tech companies placed their research and development centers, to the south of this campus.
Currently, most administrative and academic framework of the university and the majority of undergraduate and graduate students are situated at this campus, which is now accompanied by the newly built Minhang Campus of East China Normal University.
South Chongqing Road Campus
It is formerly the campus of Shanghai Second Medical University, which is located in the Luwan District of Shanghai. The Aurora University (Shanghai), a pre-eminent Catholic university in Shanghai, was located there before 1952.
In 1999, Shanghai Agricultural College was merged into SJTU, and its campus became Qibao Campus of the university. It's located in 2678 Qixin Rd. Postal code is 201101.
Shangzhong Road Campus
In the year of 2006, Shanghai Jiao Tong University sold this campus to Shanghai High School.
Fahuazhen Road Campus
This campus is where Jiao Tong's Antai College of Economics and Management is located.
After more than a century of operation, Jiao Tong University has inherited the old tradition of "high starting points, solid foundation, strict requirements and extensive practice." Today, associations organized by Jiao Tong's alumni can be found in the United States, Japan, European Union countries, Canada, Southeast Asia, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Mainland China. They call themselves Jiao Tong (Jiaoda) people.
Jiaoda alumni, no matter where they are, are playing a significant role and active part in business, academic and politic circle. Deep in their mind, an inspiring word has already been impressed: "Yesterday I went into Jiaoda with honor; Today I will be an honor to Jiaoda".
The routine services of these alumni associations include: updating contact lists, holding conferences, conducting Sino-foreign cultural exchanges, and keeping contact with other alumni associations throughout the world.
Students from SJTU have won top prizes in various competitions, including ACM International Collegiate Programming Contest, International Mathematical Contest in Modeling and Electronics Design Contests. Famous alumni include Jiang Zemin, Lu Dingyi, Ding Guangen, Wang Daohan, Qian Xuesen, Wu Wenjun, Zou Taofen, Mao Yisheng, Cai Er, Huang Yanpei, Shao Lizi, Wang An and many more. More than 200 of the academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering are alumni of Jiao Tong University.
Notable alumni are listed below.
|Cai E||蔡锷||1898||famous general, founder of the Republican Protection Army against Yuan Shikai|
|Huang Yanpei||黄炎培||1902||politician, industrialist, educator, and one of the founding pioneers of the China Democratic League|
|Shao Lizi||邵力子||1905||politician, educator, former President of Shanghai University and teacher of Chinese literature in Fudan University|
|Chen Yibai||陈一白||1922||Minister of Department of Communications in the government of Republic of China|
|Lu Dingyi||陆定一||1926||politician, former Head of Propaganda Department|
|Wang Daohan||汪道涵||1933||former Mayor of Shanghai, paramount politician who held the famous Wang-Koo summits together with Koo Chen-fu|
|Jiang Zemin||江泽民||1947||politician, former CPC General Secretary, President of the People's Republic of China and Chairman of the Central Military Commission|
|Ding Guangen||丁关根||1951||politician, former Minister of Railways, Head of Propaganda Department|
|Chen Mingang||陈敏章||1955||former Minister of Health, President of Red Cross Society of China, President of Chinese Medical Association|
|Ye Liansong||叶连松||1960||politician, former Governor of Hebei Province|
|Xie Lijuan||谢丽娟||1961||politician, Chairman of Shanghai Federation of Red Cross and Shanghai Education Development Foundation, former Vice-Mayor of Shanghai|
|Chen Mingyi||陈明义||1962||politician, Secretary of Party Committee of Fujian Province|
|Zhang Guangqin||张广钦||1962||Vice President of Commission for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense|
|Wan Xueyuan||万学远||1964||former Governor of Zhejiang Province, Vice Minister of Personnel of P.R. China|
|Zhang Shengkun||张圣坤||1964||politician, Vice President of the central committee of China Democratic League|
|Yan Junqi||严隽琪||1967||politician, Chairperson of China Association of Promoting Democracy|
|Li Dongheng||李栋恒||1968||Lieutenant General|
|Wu Zhongze||吴忠泽||1968||Vice Minister of Science and Technology of P.R.China|
|Zhu Xiaoming||朱晓明||1968||Vice Chairman of Shanghai CPPCC, President of China Europe International Business School|
|Wang Jinxiang||王金祥||1969||Vice Governor of Xinjiang Vigor Autonomous Region, Vice President of National Development and Reform Commission|
|Wang Zuji||王祖继||1977||Vice Governor of Jilin Province|
|Chen Weigen||陈伟根||1978||Vice Governor of Jilin Province|
|Chen Zhu||陈 竺||1981||Minister of Health of P.R. China|
|Jiang Sixian||姜斯宪||1982||Vice Governor of Hainan Province|
|Teng Yilong||滕一龙||1983||President of Shanghai Superior Court|
|Qian Zhimin||钱智民||1985||Vice President of National Energy Administration|
|Shen Xiaoming||沈晓明||1991||Vice Mayor of Shanghai|
|Pan Min||潘敏||1991||Secretary of Party Committee of Shanghai Chinese Communist Youth League|
|Xi Guohua||奚国华||1999||Vice Minister of Industry and Information Technology|
Natural Sciences & Mathematics
|English name||Chinese name||Graduated in/
Served on faculty during
|钱学森||1934||missile and space program chief scientist,
National Exceptional Contribution Scientist awardee (only one in history so far)
Co-founder of Jet Propulsion Laboratory
|Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
|吴文俊||1940||mathematician, State Preeminent Science and Technology Award winner, Shaw Prize winner||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Fellow of the TWAS
|徐光宪||1944||chemist, State Preeminent Science and Technology Award winner||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|胡国定||1947||mathematician, information theorist; educator|
|Hu Hesheng||胡和生||1945–1948||mathematician||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|吴有训||1949||physicist; educator||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences，
Member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina
|He Zuoxiu||何祚庥||1949||physicist||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Gong Sheng||龚升||1950||mathematician; educator|
|Hua Zhongyi||华中一||1951||scientist in vacuum science and technology; educator|
|周同庆||1943–1952||physicist in optics and spectroscopy||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Fang Junxin||方俊鑫||1946–1952, 1980–1988||physicist in solid state physics and dielectric physics|
|叶军||1982||physicist in ultrasensitive laser spectroscopy, optical frequency metrology, and quantum optics||Member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences|
|顾敏||1982||scientist in micro-photonics||Fellow of Australian Academy of Science,
Fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
|Ding Hong||丁洪||1990||physicist in photo-emission spectroscopy|
|Zhang Jie||张杰||2006–present||physicist in x-ray lasers, high field and laser-plasma physics||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina,
International Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering, Fellow of the TWAS
Information Science/System Science/Electrical Engineering
|English name||Chinese name||Graduated in/
Served on faculty during
|Zhu Wuhua||朱物华||1923/1945-1998||scientist in electronics; educator||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Cai Jintao||蔡金涛||1930||scientist in electronics||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Wang Pingyang||王平洋||1931||specialist in electrical power systems|
|Chu Yinghuang||褚应璜||1931||specialist in power engineering||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Ding Shunnian||丁舜年||1932||specialist in electric motor engineering||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Qian Zhonghan||钱钟韩||1933||scientist in power engineering||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|张仲俊||1934/1940-1995||scientist in electrical systems and automatic control||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Zhang Xu||张煦||1934/1940–present||scientist in telecommunications||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Luo Peilin||罗沛霖||1935||scientist in electronics||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
|Hou Deyuan||侯德原||1935||specialist in telecommunications||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|Wu Zukai||吴祖垲||1937||specialist in vacuum electronics||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
David K. Cheng
|郑钧||1938||scientist in field and wave electromagnetics|
|Sun Junren||孙俊人||1938||specialist in telecommunications||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|Cai Changnian||蔡长年||1938||scientist in telecommunications; educator|
|王安||1940||computer scientist and inventor, founder of Wang Laboratories||Member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering|
Wen Tsing Chow
|周文俊||1940||missile guidance scientist and digital computer pioneer|
|Cao Jianyou||曹建猷||1940||scientist in electrical power systems||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Yang Jiachi||杨嘉墀||1941||scientist in automatic control, satellite control specialist, Two-Bombs-One-Satellite medalist||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
Ping King Tien
|田炳耕||1941||scientist in microwave electronics, optical electronics and materials science||Member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences,
Member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering,
Foreign Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering,
Academician of the Academia Sinica, Fellow of the TWAS
|Zhou Jiongpan||周炯槃||1943||scientist in telecommunications; educator||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|Xu Guozhi||许国志||1943||scientist in system science and operation research||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
Thomas H. Lee
|李天和||1946||specialist in power engineering||Member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering,
Foreign Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
|Tong Zhipeng||童志鵬||1946||scientist in telecommunications||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|Chen Taiyi||陈太一||1946||scientist in telecommunications||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|胡国定||1947||mathematician, information theorist; educator|
|顾毓琇||1945-1947 (as faculty)||scientist in electrical machinery, system and control; educator; writer, playwright and poet|
Ernest S. Kuh
|葛守仁||1945-1947 (as student)||scientist in circuit theory and electronic design automation||Member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering,
Foreign Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Academician of the Academia Sinica
|Xia Peisu||夏培肃||1947||computer scientist||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Hu Guangzhen||胡光镇||1948||specialist in telecommunications||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|Wang Geng||汪耕||1949||specialist in electrical power transmission||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Chen Jingxiong||陈敬熊||1950||scientist in electromagnetics, microwave and antennas||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|Kuang Dingbo||匡定波||1952||scientist in infrared and remote sensing||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences|
|Li lemin||李乐民||1952||scientist in telecommunications||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|Tang Renyuan||唐任远||1952||scientist in electric motor engineering||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|Zhu Yinghao||朱英浩||1952||scientist in electric power transformers||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|Zhao Zisen||赵梓森||1953||specialist in telecommunications||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|Chen Junliang||陈俊亮||1955||scientist in telecommunications||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
|Jiang Xinsong||蒋新松||1956||scientist in robotics and automation||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
|Yao Xi||姚熹||1957||scientist in materials and devices||Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Foreign Associate of U.S. National Academy of Engineering
|Chen Yazhu||陈亚珠||1962||scientist in power electronics and biomedical engineering||Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering|
David D. Yao
|姚大卫||1980||scientist in stochastic systems and operation research|
|滕尚华||1985||computer scientist, Gödel Prize winner|
Engineering & Technological Sciences
- Chow Wen Tsing/Wen Tsing Chow (周文俊) - missile guidance scientist and digital computer pioneer
- Huang Xuhua (黄旭华) - scientist, father of China's first nuclear submarine
- Lin Hongxun (凌鸿勋) - specialist in rail transport
- Tu Jida (屠基达) - chief designer of Chengdu J-7 fighter
- Qian Xuesen (钱学森) - missile and space program chief scientist, Two-Bombs-One-Satellite medalist, National Exceptional Contribution Scientist awardee
- Xu Xueyan (许学彦) - famous ship designer 
- Yang Jiachi (杨嘉墀) - space program scientist, specialist of automatic control, Two-Bombs-One-Satellite medalist
- Zhang Guangdou (张光斗) - world-renowned specialist in hydraulic engineering
- Li Wencai (李文采) - metallurgist
Life Sciences & Medicine
- Chen Zhu (陈竺) - hematologist, molecular biologist, and current minister of Ministry of Health
- Luc Montagnier (吕克·蒙塔尼耶) - Nobel Prize laureate for the discovery of HIV
- Wang Zhenyi/Zhen-yi Wang (王振义) - hematologist, State Preeminent Science and Technology Award winner
- Qiang Boqin (强伯勤) - molecular biologist
- Qian Chongshu (钱崇澍) - botanist
- Zhu Futang (诸福棠) - paediatrist
Humanities & Social sciences
- Cai Yuanpei (蔡元培) - famous educator, esperantist and the president of Peking University
- Hong Yi (李叔同) - master painter, musician, dramatist, calligrapher, seal cutter, poet, and Buddhist monk
- Lisa Lu (卢燕) - Chinese-American actress and documentary producer
- Mao Yushi (茅于轼) - economist
- Shao Lizi (邵力子) - litterateur, politician
- Wu Youxun (吴有训) - educator
- Zou Taofen (邹韬奋) - correspondent
- Pan Jun (潘军) - economist
- Hu Maoyuan (胡茂元) - chairman of SAIC Motor
- Jiang Jianqing (姜建清) - president and chairman of the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China
- Lu Yimin (陆益民) - CEO of China Unicom
- Mao Daolin (茅道临) - CEO of Sina
- Shen Nanpeng/Neil Shen (沈南鹏) - founder of Ctrip.com, head of Sequoia China
- Wang Shizhen (王世帧) - founder of China Merchants Bank
- Xue Cunhe (薛村禾) - founder of UTSTAR, chairman of the SBCVC
- Yang Yuanqing (杨元庆) - chairman of the Lenovo Group Limited
- Zhao Jianjun (赵建军) - founder of TP-Link Limited
- Zhao Xicheng (赵锡成) - chairman of the FOREMOST Group Limited
- Zhu Jun (朱骏) - founder of The9 Limited, chairman of football club Shanghai Shenhua F.C.
- Ding Junhui (丁俊晖) - Professional snooker player
- Wang Liqin (王励勤) - Professional table tennis player, World and Olympic multi medalist, once of best players in history
- Liu Guoliang (刘国梁) - Olympic gold medalist, chief manager of China's table tennis national team
- Yao Ming (姚明) - Professional basketball player
- Sui Lu (眭禄）- Olympic Silver Medalist gymnast
- Online Community For Shanghai Jiao Tong University Alumni
- Shanghai Jiao Tong University Alumni Association in Japan
- Shanghai Jiao Tong University Alumni Association in Singapore
- Shanghai Jiaotong University Alumni Association in Shenzhen
- Shanghai Jiao Tong University Alumni Association of Silicon Valley
- Chiao Tung University Alumni Association in Northern California
- Jiao Tong/Chiao Tung University Alumni Association of Southern California
Notes and references
- "2011–12-31 Overview (Undergraduate)". Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved 2012-03-16.
- "2011–12-31 Overview (Postgraduate)". Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved 2012-03-16.
- "During the last century: Eastern MIT". Xi'an Jiao Tong University. Archived from the original on 2007-10-16. Retrieved 2007-06-19.
- "2011–12-31 Overview". Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
- "THE World University Rankings 2012". The Times Higher Education.
- QS World University Rankings 2013/14
- "ARWU 2013 - mainland China".
- Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2007
- "Xu Xueyan".
- Shanghai Jiao Tong University
- Shanghai Jiao Tong University (English website)
- SJTU Academic Ranking of World Universities
- SJTU 2006 ARWU rankings
- SJTU 2007 ARWU rankings
- SJTU 2008 ARWU rankings
- Shanghai Jiao Tong University 3d map
- Shanghai Jiao Tong University Pictures